Assizes: Northern and North-Eastern Circuits: Criminal Depositions and Case Papers

Details of ASSI 45
Reference:ASSI 45
Title:
Assizes: Northern and North-Eastern Circuits: Criminal Depositions and Case Papers
Description:

Northern Circuit, criminal depositions and indictments

The criminal depositions and case papers date from 1613, and are among the earliest for any common law court extant. However the rate of survival before the 1640s is poor. The series includes depositions taken following the Northern Rising of 1663. With the exception of one piece of 1906 depositions from 1891 to 1923 have not survived. From 1924 to 1952 the depositions relate mainly to murder and more serious crimes but thereafter they cover a wider range of offences. The depositions and case papers in this series are the records of the Northern Circuit prior to 1876, and the North-Eastern Circuit from 1876.

Date: 1613-1971
Arrangement:

The depositions for the period 1613 to 1800 have been arranged in alphabetical order by surname of accused, in, for the most part, annual groups. The part of the list that covers this period, ASSI 45/1/1 - ASSI 45/40/2, records this arrangement, itemising the depositions and case papers case by case. In the list of ASSI 45/1/1 - ASSI 45/19/1 cross references are also provided to a previous but not dissimiliar arrangement of the series.

For the period 1801 to 1829, ASSI 45/41-62, original administrative order has been preserved, and the documents are in bundles by county and session. For the purposes of searching for depositions relating to individual cases or particular types of crime from 1801 to 1829 it is best to approach the depositions in ASSI 45 via the crown minute books in ASSI 41. The crown minute books supply details of sessions and charges, and the names of cases, and make it possible to identify which bundles to search and to locate documents within bundles.

For the period 1830 to 1890, ASSI 45/63-83, the rate of survival of depositions and case papers is poorer, and by the later years of this period extant papers are largely confined to murder cases. Bundles of documents are for the most part artificial constructs.

The naming of a defendant within this catalogue does not imply guilt.

Related Material: See Crown and Civil Minute Books for informaiton on the outcome of the cases in:
ASSI 41
Held by: The National Archives, Kew
Legal status: Public Record
Language: English
Creator: Justices of Assize, North-Eastern Circuit, 1876-1971
Justices of Assize, Northern Circuit, 1541-1876
Physical description: 1138 bundles, files and papers
Access conditions: Subject to 30 year closure unless otherwise stated
Unpublished finding aids: Various depositions, dated between 1640 and 1690, and now in ASSI 45/1/2 - ASSI 45/15/4, were published in Depositions from the castle of York, relating to offences committed in the Northern counties in the seventeenth century, ed James Raine (Surtees Society, XL, 1861).

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