Arathil Candeth Narayan NAMBIAR: Indian. NAMBIAR went to Berlin in 1924 as a journalist...

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Details of KV 2/3904
Reference: KV 2/3904

Arathil Candeth Narayan NAMBIAR: Indian. NAMBIAR went to Berlin in 1924 as a journalist and worked with the Indian communist group there alongside his brother-in-law CHATTOPADHAYAYA (married to the OGPU agent Agnes SMEDLEY). He visited Moscow as a Soviet guest in 1929. On the outbreak of World War II NAMBIAR was expelled from Germany but later allowed to return as Subhas Chandra BOSE's deputy in Berlin, with special responsibility in cooperation with the Germans for the Azad Hind radio transmissions, becoming the German-financed leader of the Free India Movement in Europe when BOSE moved to the Far East to join the Japanese. He was also concerned with the Indian Legion, composed of Indian PoWs, which in 1944 was absorbed by the SS. In 1944 Nambiar was appointed Minister without Portfolio in BOSE's provisional government and arranged the printing of Azad Hind passports. He was arrested in Austria in June 1945 and interrogated in September 1945 as a Nazi collaborator. This file includes copies of letters from NAMBIAR to BOSE recovered from U-boat 234 after it surrendered, as well as the long report of his post-war interrogation which contains details of the various military groups set up by BOSE for training in Germany and many other peripheral matters including the setting up of the secret Abwehr transmitting station 'Mary' in Afghanistan

Note: This volume was originally file number 2153 of Indian Political Intelligence (IPI), absorbed by the Security Service after 1947. 12 January 1945: letter from Nambiar to Subhas Chandra Bose. 17 September 1945: report of interrogation.
Date: 1945 Jun 23 - 1948 Mar 16
Held by: The National Archives, Kew
Former reference in its original department: PF 153678 VOL 1
Legal status: Public Record(s)
Closure status: Open Document, Open Description
Access conditions: Retained Until 2014
Record opening date: 24 October 2014

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