Catalogue description Ministry of National Insurance and successors: Industrial Diseases, Registered Files (ID series)

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Details of PIN 20
Reference: PIN 20
Title: Ministry of National Insurance and successors: Industrial Diseases, Registered Files (ID series)

This series consists of files relating to the drafting and administration of the National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) Act 1946 and supporting regulations with particular reference to industrial diseases.

It includes papers relating to committees set up to report on aspects of the legislation. There are also files of the Industrial Injuries Advisory Council Industrial Diseases Sub-Committee and of the National Joint Pneumoconiosis Committee. An original list of prescribed diseases appears in the First Schedule to the 1948 Regulations as piece No. 27.

Date: 1932-2000
Related material:

Ministry of National Insurance files concerning the development and application of the Neumoconiosis and Byssinosis Benefit Scheme and the Industrial Diseases (Miscellaneous) Benefit Scheme are in PIN 79

Held by: The National Archives, Kew
Former reference in its original department: ID file series
Legal status: Public Record(s)
Language: English

Department of Health and Social Security, 1968-1988

Ministry of National Insurance, 1944-1953

Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance, 1953-1966

Ministry of Social Security, 1966-1968

Physical description: 1200 file(s)
Access conditions: Open unless otherwise stated
Immediate source of acquisition:

Department of Health and Social Security , from 1975

Accruals: Series is accruing.
Unpublished finding aids:

A list of amendments and additions to the First Schedule to the National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) (Prescribed Diseases) Regulations 1948 precedes the hard copy of the series list .

Administrative / biographical background:

The National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) Act 1946 provided insurance cover for persons working for an employer under a contract of service against personal injury caused by accidents arising out of and in the course of insurable employment and against certain prescribed diseases due to the nature of the person's employment. The Act, which superseded the Workmen's Compensation Acts 1925-1945 under which Acts liability for the payment of compensation rested upon the employer, introduced a new approach in as much as the payment of monetary benefit was to be based on a medically assessed loss of faculty resulting from the industrial accident or disease and not upon a comparative loss of earnings which was the basis of assessment of compensation under the superseded Acts.

The list of prescribed diseases for which benefit was payable under the Act reproduced substantially the diseases for which compensation was available under the Workmen's Compensation Acts but action was taken to revise and extend the area covered.

The Act also introduced a new range of insurance benefits paid directly to the employee by the Ministry of National Insurance as part of an integrated social insurance system distinct from any employer's liability.

The Industrial Injuries Fund was established under the Act to finance the new scheme, contributions to which were made by employers, employed persons and the Exchequer.

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