Elementary Education Endowment Files
Files of the Charity Commission (otherwise in CHAR), Education Department, and Board of Education relating to elementary educational endowments.
The dividing line between elementary and secondary education foundations is often indistinct. Where the provisions of a foundation clearly embrace both elementary and secondary education and separate files have been created, the elementary, or primary, endowment file is confined to its own field; anything affecting the foundation as a whole appears on the secondary education endowment file.
'General' foundations applicable to the whole or a large part of the county or a large ecclesiastical division also appear at the end of the county; cross references have been made for foundations covering more than one county. Foundations in county boroughs appear in alphabetical order, incorporating the title of the beneficial area, when it is not the whole county borough, as first part of the foundation title.
The separate group of 'General' foundations at the end of the list refers to those not concerned with a particular county in England and Wales. The group also includes a small number of charities applicable to other countries.
Foundations which have been transferred from one area to another owing to a change in boundaries are shown where they are now situated, but foundations which have moved from one place to another are listed, so far as pre-1936 papers are concerned, in the area in which they were on 31st March 1935.
The list follows a geographical arrangement and foundations are grouped under the civil or ecclesiastical areas comprising or containing the beneficial area. (The beneficial areas of foundations do not always follow the same boundaries as existing civil or ecclesiastical areas.) Cross references have been made where the foundations cover two or three parishes but where many parishes are involved the foundation is shown under a 'General' heading at the end of the county.
Files from special series (1903 to 1921 aproximately) dealing with estate management and approval of schemes, have been listed after the general file in the case of each endowment, school or institution. where separate files were created in respect of 'Estate Management' or 'Schemes' these have been incorporated in the series and listed immediately following the main file of the foundation.
Charity Commission, 1853-
Ministry of Education, 1944-1964
The Board of Education Act, 1899 transferred to this department the powers exercised by the Charity Commissioners relating to educational charities and provided that any question as to whether an endowment was educational or eleemosynary (related to alms) should be determined by the Charity Commissioners.
The Charity Commissioners, when necessary, made determination orders whereby the part of the charity which was educational was divided from the rest. Where a foundation was considered to be solely educational the determination was usually made by letter addressed to the Board of Education and in these cases, the existing files of the Charity Commissioners were transferred to this department.
The majority of the educational 'parts' of charities have acquired a separate body of trustees and have become separate foundations; a number however, remain under the control of the trustees of the eleemosynary parts.
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