Records of the Exchequer, and its related bodies, with those of the Office of First Fruits and Tenths, and the Court of Augmentations
Records of the Exchequer, the main financial department of the medieval and early modern English state, responsible for the accounting and audit of Crown (and therefore government) revenue; its predecessor the Receipt; and records of the Office of First Fruits and Tenths and the Courts of General Surveyors and Augmentations (held in the Augmentation Office), departments set up to deal with additional Crown revenues following the Reformation.
Exchequer records comprise those of the following offices:
- Pipe Office
- Exchequer of Pleas
- King's Remembrancer
- Lord Treasurer's Remembrancer
- Exchequer of Receipt
- Treasury of the Receipt
The following series number were assigned but have not used: E 6; E 10; E 49 - E 100, E 110, E 138, E 231 - E 275; E 277 - E 297; E 348 - E 350; E 390 - E 400; E 410 - E 450.
The administration of Crown revenues was sophisticated even before the Norman Conquest and conducted through the royal treasuries - peripatetic with the king, or sometimes deposited in religious houses - administered by clerks of the royal household, although there is no pre-Conquest evidence of any specialised financial staff or department. Possibly as early as 1085, and certainly by the early years of Henry I, however, the Treasury emerged as a separate department within the royal household, but gradually detaching from it; a household official held a separate appointment as treasurer c1100-1105, if not before, and this post becomes increasingly discernible in the course of the twelfth century. Physically, the Treasury had long been located at Winchester (where financial staff were based), with some other lesser depositories, but migrating at need to London or elsewhere; the bulk of deposits came, however, during Henry II's reign, to be located permanently at Westminster and the Tower of London.
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