Records of the Court of King's Bench and other courts
Records of the court of King's Bench and related courts from 1194 to 1987 relating to litigation in which the state has an interest.
The records have been divided into Crown Side records and Plea Side records.
The following series numbers have not been used: KB 38, KB 40 - KB 100, KB 108, KB 110, KB 117, KB 120, KB 129 - KB 132, KB 142 and KB 143.
Court of Kings Bench, 1200-1875
Supreme Court of Judicature, Kings Bench Division, 1901-1952
Supreme Court of Judicature, Queens Bench Division, 1875-1901
Supreme Court of Judicature, Queens Bench Division, 1952
Under Henry II innovations in law and legal procedures prompted clearer organisation of the ways in which the judicial functions were discharged. Sometimes, as in 1178, judges accompanying the king to hear cases and (if necessary) to refer decisions direct to the king. This development did not establish a distinct and permanent court, but it did establish the principle of pleas heard regularly and formally within the king's immediate purview, even if not always in his actual presence (coram ipso rege), rather than by the itinerant justices, by the somewhat separate departmental jurisdiction of the Exchequer, or by the incipient common Bench (Court of Common Pleas) based at Westminster.
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