Ordnance Survey: Directorate of Field Survey: Original Name Books
The documents in this series consist of folders containing information on geographical features, villages, hamlets and individual buildings (often with names of owner or occupier) within each parish, including place names and the authority for their spelling. They comprise the earliest surviving record of place names in England and Wales collected by the Ordnance Survey.
Only books relating to the counties of Cumberland, Durham, Hampshire, Northumberland and Westmorland survived enemy action in 1940.
The information is arranged, in table form, under the following headings:
- List of names
- Various modes of spelling the same name
- Authority for the modes of spelling
- Descriptive remarks or other general observations
Most of the books are indexed. Information recorded from a single parish often fills more than one book: where this has occurred each book has been allocated a separate piece number. Conversely, many volumes relate to an area wider than that of the parish named in the catalogue: parishes not named in the catalogue should be sought in volumes relating to adjoining parishes.
The Ordnance Survey has always assumed responsibility for deciding what place names are to appear on its maps and how they should be spelt. Apart from certain administrative names which follow the spelling of the Act of Parliament by which they were created, there is no national body in the United Kingdom responsible for the naming and spelling of places which appear on official maps or other documents.
Found an error? Suggest a correction to help improve our descriptions.
Users have not yet tagged this record
Use the form below to include your knowledge of this record. If your description includes any citable references, please add these to the "Citable References?" field on the right, remebering to seperate each reference with a comma, for example (FO 176/1/1, FO 178/2/1, and so on...)
- OS Records of the Ordnance Survey of Great Britain
- Records of the Directorate of Field Survey and predecessors
- OS 34 Ordnance Survey: Directorate of Field Survey: Original Name Books