Discovery is changing...

We've launched a new upgraded version of Discovery, which will replace this version on 1 September. As well as featuring a new search engine, enhanced filters and improved search options for the millions of records in our collection, it now searches over 10 million records held by more than 2,500 archives across the country.

Try the new version now and give us your feedback.


Board of Education: Independent and Private Schools, Returns of Private Schools not recognised for Grant or Efficiency

ED 15
Board of Education: Independent and Private Schools, Returns of Private Schools not recognised for Grant or Efficiency

Local Education Authority returns made under s 28 of the Education Act 1918 and s155 of the Education Act 1921 to the Board of Education, as an attempt to obtain a census of private schools.

The information available in this series is uneven. Most of the Forms 451G for Educational Institutions concerned with Art, Commerce or Professional Training have survived. Replies to circular 1157 are reasonably complete, but the list of schools and educational institutions known to the Board are not available for all areas. Some authorities added accommodation figures and age range, and a few continued to submit lists up to 1944.

The information for Welsh areas is largely non-existent before 1930. It comprises details of individual schools and a number of Forms 451G (which escaped destruction) for elementary and secondary schools; Glamorgan provided detailed lists from 1924 to 1944.


The Returns are arranged in two sections, for England and Wales, in alphabetical order for counties.

Separated Material:
Papers concerning the Channel Islands are wanting.
Held by:
The National Archives, Kew
Legal status:
Public Record
Physical description:
56 file(s)
Selection and destruction information:
Forms 451G for elementary and secondary schools have been destroyed.
Unpublished finding aids:
A summary of the Returns prepared for the report on the census of private schools under Section 28(1)(a) of the Education Act 1918 in the Board's Annual Report for 1921-1922 is available. Please speak to staff at the enquiry desk for the precise locati
Administrative / biographical background:

Provision for the collection of information respecting schools was made under Section 28 of the Education Act, 1918 re-enacted in Section 155 of the Education Act, 1921.

Under these Acts it became the duty of the responsible persons concerned to furnish the Board of Education, on Form 451G, with the name, address and a short description of every school or educational institution not in receipt of grant. Local Education Authorities were asked in Circular 1157 (22 April 1920) to conduct a survey and complete the list of private schools and educational institutions already known to the board.

The list excluded schools in receipt of grant from the Board of Education or the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries; elementary schools certified as efficient and secondary schools recognised as efficient; Universities and University Colleges; Poor Law Schools and schools certified under Part IV of the Children Act, 1908, and educational establishments administered by the Army Council or Admiralty.

The board recognised that attempts under existing circumstances to establish a register of schools falling outside its regulations, would prove ineffective.

Found an error? Suggest a correction to help improve our descriptions.

Suggest a correction for this record

Fields marked with * are mandatory.

Your details

If you provide your details, we will contact you within 10 working days if we cannot act on your suggestion

User Tags

Users have not yet tagged this record

  • You need to sign in to tag records. If you don't have an account please register.

User Collaboration

Use the form below to include your knowledge of this record. If your description includes any citable references, please add these to the "Citable References?" field on the right, remebering to seperate each reference with a comma, for example (FO 176/1/1, FO 178/2/1, and so on...)

Citable References?