Board of Education: Independent and Private Schools, Returns of Private Schools not recognised for Grant or Efficiency
Local Education Authority returns made under s 28 of the Education Act 1918 and s155 of the Education Act 1921 to the Board of Education, as an attempt to obtain a census of private schools.
The information available in this series is uneven. Most of the Forms 451G for Educational Institutions concerned with Art, Commerce or Professional Training have survived. Replies to circular 1157 are reasonably complete, but the list of schools and educational institutions known to the Board are not available for all areas. Some authorities added accommodation figures and age range, and a few continued to submit lists up to 1944.
The information for Welsh areas is largely non-existent before 1930. It comprises details of individual schools and a number of Forms 451G (which escaped destruction) for elementary and secondary schools; Glamorgan provided detailed lists from 1924 to 1944.
The Returns are arranged in two sections, for England and Wales, in alphabetical order for counties.
Provision for the collection of information respecting schools was made under Section 28 of the Education Act, 1918 re-enacted in Section 155 of the Education Act, 1921.
Under these Acts it became the duty of the responsible persons concerned to furnish the Board of Education, on Form 451G, with the name, address and a short description of every school or educational institution not in receipt of grant. Local Education Authorities were asked in Circular 1157 (22 April 1920) to conduct a survey and complete the list of private schools and educational institutions already known to the board.
The list excluded schools in receipt of grant from the Board of Education or the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries; elementary schools certified as efficient and secondary schools recognised as efficient; Universities and University Colleges; Poor Law Schools and schools certified under Part IV of the Children Act, 1908, and educational establishments administered by the Army Council or Admiralty.
The board recognised that attempts under existing circumstances to establish a register of schools falling outside its regulations, would prove ineffective.
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