War Office: Japanese Index Cards of Allied Prisoners of War and Internees, Second World War
This series comprises some 50,000 pre-printed cards of uncertain provenance. They appear to have been compiled by a central Japanese authority which has not been identified. There has been some degree of Allied assistance in compiling, maintaining etc.
The index cards record (with certain exceptions, consistently) the following details:
- Camp (may be subject to change due to transfer) (In Japanese);
- Nationality (In English, or English and Japanese);
- Rank (In English, or English and Japanese);
- Place of Capture (In English, or English and Japanese);
- Father's name;
- Place of origin;
- Destination of report (assumed to be report of capture, sent to next of kin at address given);
- 'No' i.e. Prisoner's Camp Number (established by comparison with other records) (May be subject to change due to transfer) (In Japanese);
- Date of birth;
- Unit and service number;
- Date of capture (In English, or English and Japanese);
- Mother's name;
- Occupation (In English, or English and Japanese);
- Other information (on reverse) which may include medical details. (In Japanese, possibly partly translated).
Diagonal red lines across some cards appear to indicate that the prisoners were dead.
Whilst for Prisoner's Camp Number the relevance of a number has been established, the significance of other numbers or letter/number combinations has not been established.
All those cards marked in red along the top right edge are also stamped in the top left corner with a rectangular box marked with four Japanese characters which have been interpreted simply as 'File Reference'. The boxes contain sequential numbers 1-11,838, and it may be that these cards were originally maintained separately.
Found an error? Suggest a correction to help improve our descriptions.
Users have tagged this record with...
Use the form below to include your knowledge of this record. If your description includes any citable references, please add these to the "Citable References?" field on the right, remebering to seperate each reference with a comma, for example (FO 176/1/1, FO 178/2/1, and so on...)
- WO Records created or inherited by the War Office, Armed Forces, Judge Advocate General,...
- Armed Forces Service Records
- WO 345 War Office: Japanese Index Cards of Allied Prisoners of War and Internees, Second World...