War Office: Geographical Section General Staff: War of 1914-1918: West, South-West and East Africa Campaign: Maps
Maps relevant to campaigns against German forces centred on their colonies in west, south-west and east Africa from both British and German series. They include maps used by the Official Historians. This series includes mapping relevant to the campaigns against the in Africa.
War Office, Directorate of Military Operations, Geographical Section General Staff, 1908-1922
War Office, Directorate of Military Operations, Topographical Section, 1904-1908
War Office, Intelligence Branch, 1873-1888
War Office, Military Intelligence and Mobilization Department, Topographical Section, 1901-1904
War Office, Military Intelligence Division, Topographical Section, 1888-1901
By 1914 the mapping of Africa was still in the primitive stage of maps compiled from travellers' tales and reconnaissance mapping required for colonial administration, supplemented by slivers of detailed topographic mapping of inter-colonial boundaries produced during the great powers' carve-up of the continent. The German Colonial Ministry had reasonably good medium scale (1:100 000 to 1:300 000) series of its territories and these were reproduced by the War Office. The highly mobile war in difficult terrain resulted in little new rigorous mapping produced by Allied survey personnel. For many purposes, maps little more than time-and-distance diagrams were used. Since 1906 the Colonial Survey Committee had established programmes for standard scale mapping of Africa as a whole, the early results of which, particularly at the smaller scales of 1:1 000 000 and 1:2 000 000 published by Geographical Section General Staff, War Office, were used for the strategic overview.
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