General Register Office: 1911 Census Schedules
Enumerators' schedules of returns made by heads of households for the 1911 census, which include the names, age, sex, occupation and parish and county of birth of individual members of the population of England, Wales and the Channel Islands; included in this series are returns from ships of the Royal Navy at sea and in ports abroad.
Electronic images of these records can be searched online through our partner website.
The 1911 census was the first census where a member of the household, rather than the enumerator completed the actual forms (schedules). The schedules are completed and signed by the head of the household. They contain an address and a schedule number. The schedules are divided into sixteen columns:
- Name and Surname.
- Relationship to Head of Family.
- Age (Males).
- Age (Females).
- Marital condition.
- Number of years married (present marriage) - Married women only.
- Children born to present marriage.
- Children still living.
- Children who have died.
- Industry or service with which worker is connected.
- Employment status.
- Whether working at home.
- Nationality - if born in a Foreign Country.
There are also Schedules for:
- Institutions (workhouses, hospitals, hotels, schools, etc).
- Shipping (merchant vessels).
- Military establishments (barracks, training schools, British Army overseas, etc).
- Royal Naval vessels (in home ports).
The 1911 Census records are arranged in two different series: bound volumes of Census Schedules (RG 14) and Enumerators' Summary Books (RG 78). Each Enumerator Summary Book has a corresponding set of Schedules.
The link between the two sets of documents is through a unique three-part reference number which reflects the arrangement of the records:
- Registration District Number (RD).
- Registration Sub-District Number (RS).
- Enumeration District Number (ED).
These numbers are written on the front of the Enumerator's Summary Book and on the spine of the corresponding bound volume of Schedules. Each unique reference number corresponds to a distinct piece reference in the series. For example, RD 444 RS 4 ED 7. The Enumeration District information is arranged into three sections:
- Local sub-divisions (Civil Parish, Ecclesiastical Parish, Borough or Urban District, Ward of Borough or Urban District, Rural District and Parliamentary Borough or Division).
- Contents (for example, a list of the streets).
Before 1911 the information contained in the actual Schedules (returns) was bound together with the Enumerators' Books.
From 1911, when machine methods of processing returns were introduced, the Schedules were compiled separately from the Enumerators' Summary Books. The Register General held the household Schedules and the Enumerators' Summary Books.
The most notable change in the 1911 census is the inclusion of information regarding fertility in the schedules, as married women were asked to indicate how long they had been married and how many children they had (from their current marriage) living and dead.
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