Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Departments, and related bodies: Land Improvement Loans
Registers of loans under various Acts of Parliament to individual land owners for drainage and other purposes. Also the surviving registers kept by the Inclosure Commissioners of the loans made through four of the Land Improvement Companies: The General Land Drainage and Improvement Company, The Land Improvement Company, The Scottish Drainage and Improvement Company, and The Land Loan and Enfranchisement Company, and registers of the loans advanced directly by the Inclosure Commissioners out of Exchequer monies.
The registers record such details as the amounts of the loans, to whom they were made, the areas in which they were made, and the purpose for which they were used. In addition, there are minute books, cash books and journals kept by certain of the companies.
Board of Agriculture and Fisheries, 1903-1919
Copyhold, Inclosure and Tithe Commission, 1851-1882
Land Commissioners for England, 1882-1889
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, 1919-1955
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, 1955-2001
Between 1847 and 1890 the expenditure made on land improvement in Great Britain, under the various Land Improvement Acts, and charged upon estates by rent-charges for limited terms of years, amounted to nearly £16,000,000. Four millions of this money was advanced by the Exchequer under the Public Money Drainage Act of 1846, under which landowners were permitted to raise loans for agricultural and other improvements and to charge such loans on their settled estates. Nearly all of this money had been repaid by the turn of the century. The remainder was found by the landowners themselves under the Improvement of Land Act 1864, and through the several land improvement companies which were set up between 1846 and 1870 under Acts of Parliament. These companies included The Landowners Drainage and Inclosure Company, set up in 1848, The West of England and South Wales Land Drainage and Inclosure Company, set up in 1849, The General Land Drainage and Improvement Company, set up in 1849, The Land Improvement Company, set up in 1853, The Scottish Drainage and Improvement Company, set up in 1856 and The Land Loan and Enfranchisement Company, set up in 1860.
These Acts which gave the land improvement companies varying powers to charge lands with loans and negotiate rates of interest on the loans, were administered in regard to a general supervision of the various schemes of works and improvements by the Copyhold, Inclosure and Tithe Commissioners.
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- MAF 66 Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Departments, and related bodies: Land Improvement Loans