GLOSSARY OF PERSONAL NAMES
N.B. The variation of the name is that most used in the letters i.e. Amabella, Lady Lucas appears under the name of Lucas and not under her family name of Campbell which is not apparent from the letters.
Marquis of Abercorn - John James Hamilton, 10th Marquis of Abercorn, was a Hertfordshire neighbour of Theresa Villiers; he caused scandal by his loose living, divorce and many marriages
Aunt Nanny - nickname given by the Parker family of Saltram to Anne Robinson
Bastard Family - of Kitley, near Yealmpton, neighbours of the Parker family of Saltram
Mary Berry - authoress and biographer; was a friend of Horace Walpole who left his house at Strawberry Hill, Richmond to Mary and her sister Agnes. She was also one of Walpole's literary executors and helped to publish his works after his death. An article on the Berry sisters appears in item 1259/3/353
Lord Boringdon - see Parker Family
Lady Mary Bouldby - was the daughter of George, Earl of Cardigan, marrying firstly George, Earl of Courtown and secondly Thomas Bouldby. She was a close friend of Anne Robinson and spent much time with her niece Elizabeth, Viscountess Sydney. Her name is often spelt as Bowlby in the letters.
Bowlby - see Bouldby
Henry Peter Brougham, Baron Brougham and Vaux - was one of the initiators of the Edinburgh Review in 1802, trained as a lawyer before entering Parliament as a whig politician in 1810. He took a particular interest in the issues of anti-slavery and education, being appointed Lord Chancellor 1830-4. He was a friend of Frances Parker, Countess of Morley
George Canning - became a friend of John Parker, 2nd Lord Boringdon at Christ Church, Oxford: entering Parliament in 1794 he held positions in Pitt's and Lord Liverpool's administrations, becoming Prime Minister in 1827. He appointed as his private secretary Augustus Granville Stapleton, natural son of the aforesaid John Parker
Capel Girls - the nickname given to Diana and Anne Capel, daughters of the Earl of Essex. They were the aunts of George Villiers, see Villiers Family Tree.
Cassandra - name of Frederick (Fritz) Robinson's horse who was retired to Saltram after his death in 1792
Earl of Chichester - see Pelham family
Earl of Clarendon - see Villiers family
Harriet Coryton - see Harriet Parker, Countess of Morley
Barbarina, Lady Dacre - poet, dramatist and translator who married her second husband Thomas, 21st Lord Dacre in 1819. She was a friend of Frances Parker, Countess of Morley.
Duke of Devonshire - William George Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, was the brother-in-law of Granville Leveson-Gower - a close friend of John Parker, 2nd Lord Boringdon. He was sent as the British envoy to the coronation of Czar Nicholas of Russia 1825 and became Lord Chamberlain 1827-8 and 1830-4.
Elphi - nickname for a friend of Frances Parker, Countess of Morley and Theresa Villiers, she is probably the A. Elphinstone in letter 1259/3/145
Fanny - the nickname given to Frances Parker, Countess of Morley
Fred - the nickname given to Frederick J. Robinson
Fritz - the nickname given to Frederick Robinson
Mrs George - nickname for Theresa Villiers wife of George Villiers
Gordon Family - the family of [Henry] Gordon; were friends of Frances Parker, Countess of Morley who took pity on the family when suffering financial distress in India and looked after the children when they returned to England.
Lord Grantham - see Robinson family
Lord Granville - see Granville Leveson-Gower
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey - entered Parliament 1786 and on the death of Charles James Fox became the leader of the whig section of the Grenville/Fox administration of 1806-7 and also foreign secretary. He remained leader of the whig party during the many years of Lord Liverpool's Tory administration and formed his own administration 1830-34. He was responsible for the introduction of the Reform Bill 1832. Following his wife's ill-health, the family spent the winters of 1823-6 in Devonport where they appear to have been frequent visitors to Saltram.
Harris Family - the family of James Harris comprising Catherine, later Mrs Robinson, Louisa and James created Baron and Earl of Malmesbury. See Harris Family Tree
Miss Harris - title given to Louisa Margaret Harris unmarried sister of Catherine (Mrs Robinson) and James Harris, Lord Malmesbury. She lived mainly in retirement at Durnford, Wilts making only occasional visits to London. She was also called Aunt Louisa by the Parker and Robinson children. See Harris Family Tree
James Harris, 1st Baron Malmesbury, 1st Earl of Malmesbury - a diplomat; he held the following posts: minister at Berlin 1772-6, ambassador at St. Petersburg 1777-1782, negotiator of the alliance with Prussia and Holland 1788, negotiator of fresh alliance with Prussia 1794 and also of the marriage between the Prince of Wales and Princess Caroline of Brunswick, he was engaged numerous times in fruitless peace negotiations with France during the late eighteenth century. He received the title of Baron Malmesbury in 1788, then Earl of Malmesbury and Viscount Fitzharris in 1800. He was the brother of Catherine (Mrs Robinson) and Louisa (Miss Harris) - see Harris Family Tree
Hyde - nickname for Thomas Hyde Villiers
Jack - nickname for John Parker, 2nd Lord Boringdon, 1st Earl of Morley
Lady Jersey - this title refers to two persons during the period of the letters, the behaviour of both of whom is continually referred to by Theresa Villiers. Frances wife of George, 4th Earl of Jersey caused much scandal through her relationship with the Prince of Wales. The antagonism between the second Lady Jersey (Sophia wife of George, 5th Earl of Jersey) and Theresa Villiers perhaps arose through the formers sister - Augusta - the divorced wife of John Parker, 2nd Lord Boringdon (Theresa Villiers' brother).
Sir Joshua - referring to Sir Joshua Reynolds
Karoul - name of Mrs Robinson's dog
Kelly Family - relations of the Parker family of Saltram: Bridget Parker sister of John Parker, 1st Lord Boringdon married Lt. Col. Redmond Kelly, hence Bridget is referred to as Aunt Kelly and her children as Cousins Kelly
Frances Anne (Fanny) Kemble - actress, the daughter of Charles Kemble, actor. She gave up her acting career to live in America (1833) where she married; following her divorce she returned to England (1848) and published poetry, dramas and several autobiographies. She was a friend of Sydney Smith and Frances Parker, Countess of Morley.
Lady Leslie - the married name of Henrietta Anne Pelham, wife of George, Lord Leslie. See Pelham Family Tree.
Granville Leveson-Gower - close friend of John Parker, 2nd Lord Boringdon, 1st Earl of Morley whom he knew through school and university. He was the youngest son of the Marquis of Stafford, an M.P. from 1795-1815, Ambassador to St. Petersburg 1804-5 and Paris 1824-41. He received the honours of Viscount Granville in 1815 and Earl Granville in 1833. His wife Harriet Elizabeth was the sister of George, 6th Duke of Devonshire. He was often known by the nickname of Leveson.
Sir George Cornewall Lewis - husband, from 1844, of Maria Theresa Lewis daughter of George and Theresa Villers (See Villiers Family Tree). He entered Parliament in 1847 as a liberal M.P. and held office as Chancellor of the Exchequer 1855-58, Home Secretary 1859-61 and Secretary for War 1861-63. He was also a writer of political works and editor of the 'Edinburgh Review' 1852-55.
Maria Theresa Lewis - daughter of George and Theresa Villiers, niece of Frances Parker, Countess of Morley - (See Villiers Family Tree). Married firstly Thomas Henry Lister in 1830 following his death Sir George Cornewall Lewis in 1844. She published biographies of Lord Clarendon and edited the journals of Mary Berry.
Ley Family - of Trehill, near Exeter, were friends of the Parker family of Saltram, carrying out legal work for that family and acting as joint executors of John Parker, 1st Lord Boringdon's estate. Mr. John Ley held an official position in the House of Commons and as such was regularly called on to frank Saltram mail.
Thomas Henry Lister - was the first husband of Maria Theresa Lewis nee Villiers (See Villiers Family Tree) and also the brother-in-law of the Whig politician Lord John Russell. He wrote a number of novels, served on parliamentary committees of enquiry into religious worship and instruction, was the first Registrar-General of England and Wales.
The Little Girl - nickname given to Theresa Parker prior to her marriage with George Villiers
Amabella, Lady Lucas - Amabella Hume Campbell, the wife of Alexander Lord Polworth who became Baroness Lucas in her own right on the death of her mother in 1797 (see Yorke Family Tree). She was a friend of Mrs Robinson as well as being the sister of Mary Robinson, Lady Grantham.
Mademoiselle - the French governess of Theresa Parker later Villiers. After leaving service at Saltram she was employed as governess to various families until starting her own school; she still kept in touch with the Parker family depending on them for informal patronage.
Lord Malmesbury - See Harris family
Mr. Milbanke - the rector of Stanmer parish church, Sussex and friend of the Pelham family
Mr. Montagu - the nickname given to Montagu Parker of Whiteway near Chudleigh, cousin of John Parker, 1st Lord Boringdon (he was also occasionally referred to as Uncle Montagu). These two branches of the Parker family were reunited in 1842 with the marriage of Edmund Parker, 2nd Earl of Morley to Harriet, granddaughter of Mr. Mongatu.
Sydney Morgan, Lady Morgan - the wife of Sir Thomas Charles Morgan. She made her name as a poet and writer of patriotic novels, although after settling in London in 1839 she became a famous socialite.
Earl of Morley - See Parker family
Old Hanover - a steward/retainer of John Parker's, 1st Lord Boringdon, who had a passion for hunting
Mary Osborne - daughter of Francis, 5th Duke of Leeds. She was a friend of the Villiers and Robinson families and in 1801 married Thomas Pelham, 2nd Earl of Chichester. See Pelham Family Tree.
Parker Family - of Saltram near Plympton, Barons Boringdon from 1784 and Earls of Morley from 1815. See Parker Family Tree
Edmund Parker, Lord Boringdon, 2nd Earl of Morley - the son of John Parker, 2nd Lord Boringdon, 1st Earl of Morley and his wife Frances. The deposit contains many references to his period as lord-in-waiting to Queen Victoria 1846 and to his marriage in 1842 as well as some letters to his mother. See Parker Family Tree
Frances Parker, Countess of Morley - the daughter of Thomas Talbot esq., of Gonville, Norfolk and the second wife of John Parker, 2nd Lord Boringdon, 1st Earl of Morley. Her letters to relations and friends including prominent Whig politicians and literary figures are deposited as 1259/3/1-353. See Parker Family Tree
Harriet Parker, Countess of Morley - the daughter of Montagu Edmund Parker of Whiteway near Chudleigh (cousins of the Parkers of Saltram). She married firstly William Coryton of Pentillie Castle, Cornwall by whom she had a daughter Frances. She married secondly Edmund Parker, 2nd Earl of Morley in 1842. A small collection of her letters, mostly concerning the death of her mother-in-law Frances Parker, Countess of Morley, are deposited as 1259/4/1-30. See Parker Family Tree
John Parker, 1st Lord Boringdon - married in 1769 Theresa the sister of Anne and Frederick Robinson, he was the father of John Parker, 2nd Lord Boringdon, 1st Earl of Morley and of Theresa (who later married George Villiers). He was a friend and patron of Sir Joshua Reynolds and was also active with the local regiment. He was created Baron Boringdon in 1784 N.B. letters prior to this date refer to him as Mr. Parker or John Parker. See Parker Family Tree
John Parker, 2nd Lord Boringdon, 1st Earl of Morley - son of John Parker, 1st Lord Boringdon. He was brought up by his aunt Anne Robinson following his mother's death in 1775. The deposit contains many of his letters to the Robinson family (his guardians) and also the letters and papers of his second wife Frances. See Parker Family Tree.
Theresa Parker - See Theresa Villers
Pelham Family - of Stanmer, Sussex, Barons Pelham and from 1801 Earls of Chichester. The Pelhams appear to have been related to the Robinson family through Anne Pelham, 1st Countess of Chichester, a cousin and the two families were closely acquainted. See Pelham Family Tree
Thomas Pelham, 2nd Baron Pelham, 1st Earl of Chichester - was a Whig M.P. from 1749-68 a follower of his cousin the Duke of Newcastle. In 1801 he was created Earl of Chichester.
Thomas Pelham, 2nd Earl of Chichester - was commonly called Tom Pelham by the Robinson and Parker families; like his father, he was a whig supporter holding the offices of Irish secretary 1795-8, Home secretary 1801-1803, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1803-1804. In 1807 he became postmaster - general and held the post until 1826. He married in 1801 Mary Osborne who was also a friend of the Parker and Robinson families
Captain Pole - is possibly Sir Charles Morice Pole (1757-1830) who entered the Navy 1772, commanded at Newfoundland (1800) and in the Baltic (1801) becoming admiral of the fleet in 1830. During the periods when his ship was berthed in Plymouth, he was a constant visitor to Saltram.
Amabella, Lady Polworth - See Amabella, Lady Lucas
Sir Joshua Reynolds - portrait-painter, born in Plympton he was a friend and received the patronage of John Parker, 1st Lord Boringdon who commissioned a number of his paintings for Saltram. He was the first president of the Royal Academy and esteemed as one of England's greatest portrait painters
Robinson Family - of Newby Hall and Park, Yorkshire, Barons Grantham See Robinson Family Tree
Mrs Robinson - Catherine Gertrude Robinson (née Harris), wife of Frederick (Fritz) Robinson from 1785 and sister of James Harris, 1st Earl of Malmesbury. Her letters are deposited as 1259/2/1-733. See Robinson Family Tree
Anne Robinson - sister of Thomas Robinson, 2nd Lord Grantham, Frederick (Fritz) Robinson and Theresa Parker. She never married but lived at Saltram after the death of her sister Theresa to look after her children - John and Theresa. Following the death of John Parker, 1st Lord Boringdon, she ran the Saltram estate along with her brother Frederick. See Robinson Family Tree
Frederick Robinson - popularly known as Fritz, was the husband of Catherine, Mrs Robinson, and the sister of Anne Robinson. His letters are deposited as 1259/1/1-250. See Robinson Family Tree
Frederick J. Robinson - popularly known as Fred, was the son of Thomas Robinson, 2nd Lord Grantham and the brother of Thomas, 3rd Lord Grantham. He entered Parliament in 1806 as a Tory M.P. and held the positions of Lord of the Admiralty 1810, Privy Councillor 1812, Chancellor of the Exchequer 1823-1827, Prime Minister 1827-1828, Secretary for War 1830 and Lord Privy Seal 1833. He was created Viscount Goderich in 1827 and Earl of Ripon in 1833. His letters in the deposit were mostly written whilst at school. See Robinson Family Tree
Mary Robinson, Lady Grantham - Mary Jemima Grey married in 1780 Thomas Robinson, 2nd Lord Grantham. She was the mother of Thomas, 3rd Lord Grantham and of Frederick J. Robinson, she was also the sister of Amabella, Lady Lucas. See Robinson Family Tree
Thomas Robinson, 2nd Baron Grantham - was a diplomat and politician, being sent as Ambassador to Madrid 1771-1779 and appointed Foreign Secretary 1782-1783. He was the brother of Anne, Frederick and Theresa Robinson and the husband of Mary. See Robinson Family Tree
Lord John Russell - a friend of the Parker and Villiers families. He entered Parliament as a Whig M.P. in 1813 becoming one of that party's most prominent leaders He held a number of cabinet posts including Home Secretary, Leader of the House of Commons and Colonial Secretary. He was Prime Minister from 1846-1852 and 1865-1866
Miss Sally the Saltram housekeeper until 1797 when she retired
Lady Sheffield - the married name of Lucy Pelham wife of John, Lord Sheffield: she was a friend of both the Parker and Robinson families. See Pelham Family Tree
Helen Selina Sheridan, Countess Dufferin - a song and playwright, she was also a friend of Frances Parker, Countess of Morley, of Mary Berry, Henry Brougham and Reverend Sydney Smith
Reverend Sydney Smith - a friend of Frances Parker, Lady Morley. He was one of the initiators of the Edinburgh Review 1802, before becoming rector of Combe Florey, Somerset 1828-1845 then being made a prebend at Bristol in 1828 and canon - residentiary at St. Paul's London in 1831. He published sermons and other writings and was a renowned wit and gentleman.
Augustus Granville Stapleton - was the natural son of John Parker, 2nd Lord Boringdon, 1st Earl of Morley and private secretary to Parker's friend George Canning whose biography he wrote. He married Catherine Bulteel of Fleet near Holbeton. See Stapleton Family Tree
Viscounts Sydney - The Townsend family, Viscount Sydney, were friends of the Robinson and Parker families; particularly acquainted was Anne Robinson who stayed at the Viscount's seat at Frognal, Kent and was a companion to their relation Lady Mary Bouldby
Talbot Family - of Norfolk, the family of Frances Parker, Countess of Morley
William Makepeace Thackeray - novelist and friend of Frances Parker, Countess of Morley, he published his most famous book Vanity Fair in 1847-8 which established his reputation as a writer.
Thomas - Anne Robinson's long-serving footman
Tom - prior to 1786, the nickname for Thomas Robinson, 2nd Lord Grantham, post 1786 the nickname for Thomas Robinson, 3rd Lord Grantham
Townsend Family - see Viscounts Sydney
Charles Pelham Villiers - son of George and Theresa Villiers, nephew of Frances Parker, Countess of Morley. From 1835-1895, he was M.P. for Wolverhampton and a follower of the Radical, Bentham. He was a persistent opposer to the Corn Laws and a member of the Anti-Corn Law League. See Villiers Family Tree
George Villiers - son of Thomas, 1st Earl of Clarendon, cousin of the Earl of Jersey and Earl of Essex, married Theresa Parker in 1798. Was a critic of the Corn Laws and gave evidence to the enquiry into their running 1800-1801. He held a number of sinecures including Ranger of Cranborne Chace from . See Villiers Family Tree
George William Frederick Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon - son of George and Theresa Villiers, nephew of Frances Parker, Countess of Morley. He succeeded his uncle as Earl of Clarendon in 1838. He was a diplomat and politician, holding the posts of attaché to St. Petersburg 1820, ambassador at Madrid 1833-39, lord-lieutenant of Ireland 1847-52, foreign minister 1853-58 (responsible for the Crimean War) 1865-66 and 1868-70. See Villiers Family Tree
Henry Montagu Villiers - son of George and Theresa Villiers, nephew of Frances Parker, Countess of Morley, was usually known as Montagu. Entered the church 1837 becoming Vicar of Kenilworth, was rector of St. George's Bloomsbury, London 1841-56, canon of St. Paul's, London 1847-56. In 1856 he became Bishop of Carlisle and in 1860 Bishop of Durham. See Villiers Family Tree
Maria Theresa Villiers - See Maria Theresa Lewis
Theresa Villiers - sister of John Parker, 2nd Lord Boringdon, 1st Earl of Morley. She spent most of her early life living with her aunt Anne Robinson at Saltram following the death of both her parents whilst a child. She married George Villiers in 1798. She is the most prolific of letter writers in the deposit. See Villiers and Parker Family Trees
Thomas Hyde Villiers - son of George and Theresa Villiers, nephew of Frances Parker, Countess of Morley, was usually known as Hyde. After a period in the colonial office, he entered Parliament in 1826 and was a disciple of the ideas of John Stuart Mill. He died young from a brain abcess. See Villiers Family Tree
Waddilove Family - the family of Robert Darley Waddilove, Dean of Ripon. Waddilove became known to the Robinson family whilst embassy chaplain in Madrid to Thomas Robinson, 2nd Lord Grantham 1771-79 and maintained his acquaintance whilst the two families were resident in Yorkshire
Doctor Warren - probably Richard Warren, a physician practising in London from 1756-97 and physician to George, Prince of Wales from 1787. He was known to the Robinson and Parker families in an official and social capacity
Mrs Westcott - a member of the Saltram domestic staff; she became housekeeper after the retirement of Miss Sally in 1797
Worsley Family - were cousins of the Robinson family (through Thomas Robinson's 1st Lord Grantham's marriage to Frances Worsley). The head of the Robinson family was responsible for paying an annuity to [Mrs. Worsley] and the Robinsons and Parkers tried to assist the preferment of her sons - Ralph Worsley in the church and Richard Worsley in the Navy
Mr. Yolland - was the steward at Saltram during the early/mid nineteenth century
GLOSSARY OF PLACE-NAMES
Bleinheim Palace, near Woodstock, Oxon - seat of the Duke of Marlborough
Bowood House, near Calne, Wilts - seat of the Marquis of Lansdowne
Brookwood Park, near Alresford, Hants - home of Lord Malmesbury 1793-4
Cranbourne Lodge, near Windsor, Berks - home of Theresa and George Villiers from 1805, probably connected with George Villiers' position as Ranger of Cranbourne
Delrow, near Aldenham, Herts - home of Theresa and George Villiers from 1798-1801
Durnford Manor, Great Durnford, Wilts - home of Miss Harris, Mrs Robinson's sister
Frognall, near Bromley, Kent - seat of Viscount Sydney
Gorhambury, near St. Albans, Herts - seat of Lord Verulam, father of Katherine, Lady Clarendon
Greenford School, near Paddington, Middx - school attended by Thomas, 3rd Lord Grantham, run by Dr. Glasse and his son
The Grove, near Watford, Herts - seat of the Earl of Clarendon
Grove Mill, near Watford, Herts - home of Edward Villiers
Grove Place, near Romsey, Hants - home of Lord Malmesbury up to c.1790
Hillfield Lodge, near Watford, Herts - built by and home of Theresa and George Villiers from 1801-1805
Hoo, near Stevanage, Herts - seat of Baron Dacre
Kitley House, near Yealmpton - home of the Bastard family
Leicester, Leics - where John, 2nd Lord Boringdon attended school prior to going to Oxford University
Malling House, near Lewes, Sussex - home of Anne, Dowager Lady Chichester from 1805
Mount Edgcumbe, near Maker, Cornwall - seat of the Earl of Mount Edgcumbe
Newby Hall, near Ripon, Yorks - passed from the Weddell family to the Robinson family and became the seat of Thomas, 3rd Lord Grantham
Newby Park, near Boroughbridge, Yorks - home of Frederick (Fritz) Robinson and was largely unused by the Robinson family after his death
Park Place, near Henley-on-Thames, Berks - home of Lord Malmesbury from 1796
Putney Heath, Middx - home of Mary, Dowager Lady Grantham
Saltram House, near Plympton - seat of the Parker family, Barons Boringdon and Earls of Morley
Sheffield Place, near Uckfield, Sussex - seat of Lord Sheffield
Stanmer, near Brighton, Sussex - seat of the Pelham family, Barons Pelham and Earls of Chichester
Sunbury, near Kingston-on-Thames, Middx - place of school attended by Frederick and Philip Robinson
Trehill, near Exeter - home of the Ley family
Trentham, near Stoke-on-Trent, Staffs - seat of the Marquess of Stafford, father of Granville Leveson-Gower
Whiteway, near Chudleigh - home of the family of Montagu Parker, cousins to the Parkers of Saltram
Wimpole Hall, near Royston, Cambs - seat of the Earl of Hardwicke, cousin of Mary, Lady Grantham
Wrest Park, near Biggleswade, Beds - seat of Amabella, Lady Lucas, sister of Mary, Lady Grantham
Deans Yard - home of the Kelly family, cousins of the Parkers of Saltram
3 Grosvenor Square - town residence of Viscount Sydney
Kent House, Knightsbridge - the shared town residence of the families of John Parker, 1st Earl of Morley and his sister Theresa Villiers
Parliament Street - the town residence of Anne Robinson from 1788-1799
Privy Garden, Whitehall - the town residence of Frederick (Fritz) Robinson from 1788, was popularly known as 'The Hotel'
Sackville Street - the town residence of John, 1st Lord Boringdon until his death 1788 when the lease was surrendered
3 St. James Square - town residence of the Earl of Hardwicke
Spring Garden - town residence of Miss Harris and her brother Lord Malmesbury
Stratton Street - town residence of the Pelham family, Barons Pelham and Earls of Chichester; from 1799 Anne Robinson also had a house in this street
Upper Grosvenor Street - town residence of George and Theresa Villiers until their move to Kent House c.1810
Whitehall - town residence of Mary, Lady Grantham