Marriage licences were issued to those not proclaiming banns only upon "good caution and security taken" and therefore bonds and allegations were required prior to such issue. The bond was a surety that there was no impediment to the marriage and was entered into by two people, usually the groom and another man, and includes groom's abode and occupation and signature or mark, the name of the proposed bride and proposed place of marriage. The allegation by "two sufficient witnesses" alleged that the statements made on oath were true. After 1823 bonds ceased to be necessary and allegations only survive.
Bonds and allegations could be taken out up to four months prior to the marriage date. However the issue of a licence is not a guarantee that the marriage actually took place.
The series, apart from one stray for 1634, starts in 1661. The bonds have been printed for 1700-1719 in LCR volumes 82, 85, 97, 101. Similar information, relating to the licences themselves and taken from the marriage act books has been printed by LCRS for 1606-1700.
Bonds and allegations 1634-1900 have been microfilmed, and the films should be used in preference to the original. Those for 1634-1715 and 1719-1720 are in chronological order. Those for 1716-1718, 1721-1850 are in alphabetical order of bridegroom's surname.
Those for 1805 and 1851 onwards are in monthly order (from 1824 there are allegations only).