Catalogue description CONNAUGHT and THOMOND.

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"The Division of Connaught and Thomond as it is now bounded, viz., the east and south parts, with the river of Shenon on the west side, with the great ocean sea on the north, with the great Logh Earne; which all are divided into several shires or counties as followeth, viz.:--


"Thomond--in the one county to be named the county of Clare.


"Connaught--in four counties to be named the counties of Galway, Mayo, Slyggagh, Roscomon.


"Summa of the counties, five,--which are divided into several baronies, and the baronies into plowlands, of so many of the counties as have been travelled by the Lord President and Council of Connaught, and the rest are set forth according such division as hath been made by Sir Thomas Cusake, Knight, and others her Majesty's Commissioners.


"The county of Clare--containeth whole Thomond, being in length from Leymeconcollen to Killalowe 45 miles, and in breadth from Limerick to Beallaleynee 25 miles; which of ancient time was divided into nine troghkyeds or hundreds, and is now appointed to be contained in eight baronies," viz., Tullaghnenaspule, containing the Mac Nemaries' otherwise Mortimers' country, in which the Baron of Inshyquyn and Donell Reogh Mc Nemare are chief; Dangen, containing West Mac Nemares' country, in which Shane Mc Nemare is chief; Cloynetherala, containing East Corkewasken, Tege Mac Mahone chief; Moyartha, containing West Corkewasken, Turlagh McMahoun chief; Tuoghmore y Conour containing Corkemroe, Sir Donell O'Brien chief; Gragans, containing the country of Buren, O'Loghlen chief; Tullagh Idea, containing the troghkeyd of Kylveroge, Sir Donell O'Brien chief; Cloynerawde, containing the troghkied of Cloynerawde and the islands, the Earl of Thomond chief. Plowlands in these 8 baronies, 140; parish churches, 79; castles, 172. The names of the parishes, gentlemen, and castles are given. [The length and breadth of each barony are stated, with the number of ploughlands, at the rate of 180 acres to the ploughland.]


Bishoprics within this county:--Bishopric of Killalowe, Muriertagh O'Brien custos; bishopric of Fyneboreñ, vacant.


Abbeys and religious houses within this county:--Abbeys of Clare (possessed by Sir Donell and Tege McConor his brother), Inish (by James Nellan), St. John's (a nunnery, by the Baron of Inshiquyn), Corkomoree, Island Chanens (by the Earl of Thomond), Kiltana, Quynhye (occupied by friars), and Inishcronan.


"The county of Galway--containing the countries of Clanricard, Imany by west the Suk, Syllanchy, Ieher Connaght, Clanconway and Corkomoe, being near 50 miles in length, and 30 in breadth--is now appointed and divided into 15 baronies," viz.:--Longford, containing the country of Syllanchy and Clonvicknoyne by west Sucke, O'Madin, Owen O'Madin, Cogh O'Madin, and Shane ne Moye being chief in the same; Letrym, containing the country Toeheloman, the Earl of Clanricarde chief; Loghreogh, containing Eraghtowge, Monteralyee, and McHubbard's lands, the Earl of Clanricarde, McOwge, and McHubbard, chief; Dunkellyn, containing the Clanhenries' lands, and Kilnalgory, Mary, and the lands of Athenry, the Earl of Clanricard, John Oge FitzJohn Fitz-Edmund, and Shane McBrene McGyllekelly, chief; Kiltaraght, containing Lynaly, Eraghtreamon, and Kielovieragh, O'Shaghnes, McRemon, O'Heyn, and Owen Mautagh O'Hein, chief; Arran, containing the islands of Arran, seven leagues distant from Galway into the main sea, Murrogh ne Doe O'Flairty, chief; Ballenehence, containing the two Conymares, Murragh ne Doo O'Flairty, chief; Muikullen, containing Cosarge, Gnovore, Gnoveg, Loghcurb, and Keildromedirge, Morogh ne Doo, chief; Beallamoe, containing Clancomvay, T. McDavy and Hubert Boy McDavy, chief: Dunmore, containing Conikue, the Lord Bremingham, chief; Clare, containing Moyntagh McHugh, Moynter Moroghowe, and Maghere Reogh, John Burke FitzThomas, MacHugh and MacCreamon, chief; Kyllihane, containing the whole Corohons and Achiart, Connor Oge O'Kelly, chief; Kilconell, containing Toehycally, Pobullkewgh and Eraght Carbery, Wm. O'Kelly, chief; Kingstown, containing Maghree Vouvoye, Maghre Altagh, and the lands of Athenry, John Wall and Ullige Oge Beg and the Dolphinagh, chief; Teagwyn, containing Dowghslighty, Kally and Corkomoe, Melaghlen and Tege O'Kelly, chief. The names of the parish churches, gentlemen, and castles in these baronies are specified.


Bishoprics within the county of Galway.--The bishopric of Duaceñ, Stephen Kirwane incumbent. The bishopric of Clonfert, Roland Burke incumbent. The bishopric of Anaghconeñ, Mr. Laly ["Latly" in MS.] incumbent.


Abbeys in Galway.--Portumna (possessed by the Earl of Clanricarde), Millik (by the said Earl), Kilcorban (by the said Earl), Cloyntoyskerte (by Redmond Burke's brother), Monaster Ogormagan (by the Earl), Clonfert (by the Bishop of Clonfert), Kynalehyne (by the Earl), Kilmacwogh, Kilbought (by the Earl), Loghreogh (by the Earl), Athenry, Galway (by the commons of the town), the Hill Abbey by Galway (by the commons of the same), Clare (by the Earl), Kilnamanagh, Rosriella (by the Gray Friars), Anaghcoyne (by the Earl), Teaghsaxin, Achrim (by the Earl), Kilconell (by the Gray Friars), Monaster Leve, the cell of Holyrood, the cell of Kaltraghne Palice, Cloynkinkerill, Knockmoy (by Nicholas Fitz-Symons of Dublin), cell of Crewan, Kilmorenetohee, St. John's in Toam, Monester ne Skryne, the Trinity Abbey, Dunmore (by John Burke FitzThomas), nunnery of Kilcrewnaght (by the Earl), Eney, Monester Connaght, the Third Abbey in Aren, St. Mary by west Galway (by the town). Sum of the abbeys in this county, 36.


"The county of Mayo--containing Ewghter Connaght and such other countries as are under Mac William Ewghter, and are divided into baronies, to be named as followeth; but the same county is not as yet divided into plowlands, by reason whereof the parishes could not be put in order of the baronies, but are written by themselves."


Baronies.--Croslwyhin, containing McMoris' country; Kilvean, containing Konyculy and Ewghterhire, in which William Burke Fitz John, Edmund Burke MacThomas Vaghery, and the Clan Jonyns, are chief; Rosse, containing the Joyes', the Walshes', and Partriches' lands, Mac Thomas and McTybod chief; Muriske, containing Owleymale and the [Qu., mistake for "other."] lands, viz., Inyshturke and Inyshoirke, Cliera and Aukilles, O'Male, chief; Bures, containing Owle Clane, Phillipin, Owle Ewghter, and Slight Mc Tybbot's lands, Richard en Iren, chief; Kunermore, containing Erest and Dondonell, Mac Vadin, chief; Many, containing Tyreawlee and the Cusakes' country, John McOlyverus otherwise Mc William and Mc Vadin, called Baron Barnett, chief; Burisker, containing Clancuan, Karee, and Moynter, Creghan, MacWilliam, Burke, and McPhillipin, chief; Beallalahane, containing Gallenga, MacJordaine otherwise Baron Dexeter, chief; Beallahaunes, containing Clancostelagh, MacCostelow otherwise Baron Nanngle, chief. The nanes of the gentlemen and castles in these baronies are specified.


Names of "certain spiritual dignities and other livings, both parsonages and vicarages and parish churches, within the county of Mayo."


Abbeys and religious houses in Mayo.--Rahrany, Killinbreanyn, Cong (by Domynicke French for Captain Collyer). The following "are possessed either by friars or rebels, so as her Majesty hath no commodity by the same:" Ballaghineaske, Ballinrobba, Mayo, Moyriske, Clyera, Inishturke, Bures-Owle, Crosmolyne, Moyne, Rosserke, Ballintubber, Bures-Caree, Teaghboyhyn, Stradin-Ballahane, Owrelare, Banyde, Beallahawnes. Sum of abbeys within this county, 21.


Bishoprics within this county.--The archbishopric of Toame and the bishopric of Mayo, Mr. Laly incumbent; the bishopric of Killale, Owen O'Galaghow, by the Pope's bull, incumbent.


"The county of Sliggagh--containing O'Connor's country, the two MacDonoghes', O'Dwyde, and O'Ruirke's country, with other, divided into nine baronies named as followeth, being not as yet divided into plowlands, nor the parishes known."


Baronies.--Ballinvotte, containing Tireherely and the Coren, the two Mac Donoghes chief in the same; Ardnery and Ardglas, containing Tirerogh and Cuelcarny ("there are 24 castles and over within these two baronies, whereof I could learn the names but [of] a very few"); Dromcheu, containing Carbery, Nagyny, Mogenee, O'Connor Sligo chief; Dromahier, containing O'Ruirke's country by west Sleven Iren and the Dartery, O'Rwirke chief; Letrym, containing O'Rwyrke's country by east Slevenyeren; Mynes, containing one of the Moynter Aleys; Raney, containing the other Moynter Aley; Beallasedery, containing Coullowen, Maghery, Leyne, and Kuelcuan.


Abbeys.--Sliggagh (occupied by friars), Ardenery (by friars), Skryne (by friars), Ballinvotte (by friars), Temple ["Tetemple" in MS.] (by friars), Grange More (by friars), the Black Abbey in Moyhell (by the Dominicans), the Gray Abbey in Moyhell (by the Franciscans), Dromahier (by friars), Beallesedery (by friars), Cowrte; total, 11.


In the same county is the bishopric of Acad' (Achonry), Owen O'Harte incumbent.


"The county of Roscomon--containing Omany by west the Suke, the Maghery Connaght, and Moylurge, with others, divided into six baronies."


Baronies.--Muikarnayn, containing Cloynvicknoyn and the Faes by east the Suk, Shane ne Moy Brene, Caragh O'Kelly, and O'Naghten being chief in the same; Athloyne, containing the Imany by east the Suk, O'Kelly, Hugh O'Kelly, O'Fallon, McCogh, O'Murye, and McEdmund, chief; Ballintubber, containing Maghry Connaght; O'Flyn and O'Flanigan's lands, O'Connor Dun, O'Flyn, and O'Flanigan, chief; Monaster Buille, containing Moyloirge, MacDermott and the sept of Owen McDermot chief; Tireone, containing Toehohanly and Tyreone, O'Birne and O'Hanly chief; Roscomon, containing Toalleg and the Clowynty in the East, O'Connor Roe and O'Hanley chief.


Abbeys.--Cloyntoyskert (hard by Beallalege), Athlone (occupied for the commodity of that house), the cell of Beallanenee (by Edmund O'Fallon), Skryne, St. John's (by Christopher Davers, now usurped by rebels), Bwyle (by Patrick Cusake) and the Trinity Abbey (by John Crofton), "both usurped by rebels", Elffen (by friars), Tuilske (by the Baron of Delvin, but now occupied by friars), Kilvoir (by friars), Roscommon, having lands, (by Mr. Strange), Roscomon, having no lands, the cell of Lysonvhy (by friars).


In the said county is the bishopric of Elffen, Rolland Burke incumbent.


"The names of certain castles and towns within the county of Clare that were builded and erected by Englishmen:-- Inshiquyn and O'Brien's Bridge, Inysh and Qwynhy, Clare and Bonratty. In old time these were good market towns, and had English jurisdiction in them, and were governed by portriffes and other officers by authority of the King of England; but now they are all wasted and destroyed in a manner, saving the castles, and no part of the towns left but old houses of stone work, broken gates, and ruinous walls.


"The names of certain towns and castles within the county of Galway which were builded by Englishmen in like manner:-- The castle of Myllyke, which was a very fair house situated upon the Shenon, and her Majesty's own inheritance, with other buildings thereabout, which was destroyed by the Earl of Clanricard's sons in their rebellion. In old time it was a good market town, and now there remaineth nothing but the abbey and certain other old buildings thereabout where the town was, and the castle is clean destroyed, the Earl and his son John (one of the destroyers thereof) being joint tenants to the Queen's Majesty for 21 years by indenture. The castle of Longford was made by Englishmen, and was a good market town, and is now all destroyed saving the castle, which doth remain in O'Madin's lands. The castle of Portumna in like manner. The town of Cloynferte in like manner. The castle and town of Cloyndaghaw. The town of Loghreogh was built by Englishmen, and besides the castle, which is a goodly place, the town thereabouts is well ditched and trenched, and fair walls begun, but not finished, having three fair strong gates made like three castles, the streets well divided and cut; and for the most part it was builded within the walls with houses of stone work, which are now partly destroyed and ruinous. The compass of it is great, and is a very convenient place for a garrison to lie in. It hath been within this thirty years a good market town, but now there is none, and from the first foundation thereof was ruled by a portriffe of English race, to be chosen by the inhabitants thereof, as in other places it is accustomed; but about three or four years past the name of portriffe with all that civil jurisdiction was put down by the Earl of Clanricarde, who committed the government of the town to his constable, whereby all English orders ceased there. Also the towns of Teaqwyn, Aghrymeomany, Callogh, Ardrahane, Kilmacwoagh, Clare, Muikullen, Anaghcoyne, Toame, Dunumayn, Dunmore, Turlaghnioghane, were good market towns, whereof some were destroyed in old time about 30 or 40 years ago, and some during the late rebellion, so as in some places there is nothing left but the castles, and in other places the bare walls and broken gates only. The town of Athenry, a fair large town, well walled, with strong towers, and hath been destroyed by the Earl of Clanricard's sons and people during the late rebellion.


"The names of certain castles and market towns which were built by Englishmen in the county of Mayo:--Shruher, Kilvean which was governed by a portriffe, Ballinrobbe, Castle-Kirke, Ballymonagh, Bures-Care, Bures-Owle, Ballalahane, Lehence, Mayo, Rosse, Castle-More-McCostelou, which were all good market towns, and for the most part were ruled by portriffes, but now (saving the bare castles in some) the towns are all destroyed, whose broken gates and ruinous walls are this day to be seen.


"The county of Roscommon.--Roscoman, Athlone, Beallaleg, Aleg, St. John's, Beallaslow, Ballintubber. All these, saving the bare castles, are destroyed. The walls and gates of the towns, broken and ruinous, do appear this day.


"And in the county of Sliggagh, the town of Sliggagh and other places, which, and all the towns aforesaid, were destroyed by the Burkes and others, to the great hindrance of her Majesty's service, and loss and discomfort of her subjects."


Copy. Undated. [In Mr. Hamilton's Calendar the date is given as 27 March 1574.]

Date: [27 March 1574]
Held by: Lambeth Palace Library, not available at The National Archives
Former reference in its original department: MS 611, p. 234
Language: English
Physical description: 24 Pages.
Unpublished finding aids:

Calendar of the Carew Manuscripts preserved in the Archiepiscopal Library at Lambeth, ed. J. S. Brewer & W. Bullen (6 vols., 1867-73), vol. IV, document 5.

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