Catalogue description CARPIO COLLECTION.

This record is held by Society of Antiquaries of London

Details of SAL/MS/879
Reference: SAL/MS/879
Title: CARPIO COLLECTION.
Description:

Drawings of the collection of statues, busts, bas reliefs, vases, fountains, etc., formed in Rome by Gaspar de Haro y Guzmán, Marqués del Carpio, while ambassador of Charles II of Spain to Pope Innocent XI, 1676-82. Titlepage, fol. 1, pen and wash, with a large figure derived from the description in Vitruvius (cf. De Architectura, book 2), and others, of the proposal to carve the end of Mount Athos as a colossal figure of Alexander the Great (see E. H. Frankfort, 'The 'Alexander Mountain", in N. Hadjinicolaou (ed.), Alexander the Great in European Art (Institute for Mediterranean Studies, Thessaloniki, 1997); the figure is interpreted by G. Fusconi (see below) as an allegory of Rome. Above the figure are the arms of the Marqués del Carpio, and below in a cartouche the title, 'DISEGNI D'Idoli, Statue, Filosofi, Busti, Vrne piccole, Bassi Rilieui, Medaglie, Inscrittioni, Vasi di Marmi e Porfidi, Fontane di Marmi, Alabastri e Metalli Antichi e moderni; Quali comprò In ROMA ... DON GASPARO D'HARO EGUZMAN, Marchese Del Carpio e Helicce ...'. Preface, Italian, fols. 2r, v, describing the formation of the collection, 1676-82, and the chief items (some acquired from the collection of the recently deceased Cardinal Camillo de Massimi), including nine Egyptian figures ('ydoli') of paragon (black marble) found at Hadrian's Villa, Tivoli, thirteen philosophers (busts), a statue of Ganymede, an antique calendar, the 'Urna dell'Vssignuolo', and several fountains including the last work of Bernini (described in detail), said to surpass that in the Piazza Navona. The preface also states that Carpio's project to have his collection drawn and published was interrupted by his promotion to Viceroy of the Kingdom of Naples, 1682, and departure from Rome. The drawings are mostly highly finished pencil; fols. 104-7 colour wash. Captions, Spanish, describe materials, occasionally artists, and in some cases provenance (Cardinal de Massimi, Cardinal Nini). They include most but not all of the items mentioned in the preface, e.g. the nine Egyptian figures of paragon, fols. 86-94, Ganymede, fol. 96, the antique calendar, fol. 98, the urn of the nightingale, fol. 100, and fountains, fols. 104-7; the Bernini fountain is not included (several stubs visible, e.g. before fol. 107). Several items from the Carpio collection were subsequently acquired for collections in Great Britain (Towneley, Blundell of Ince, Worsley and other collections, cf. fol. i). The titlepage of SAL/MS/879 is reproduced in Giulia Fusconi, 'Disegni decorativi di Johann Paul Schor', Bollettino d'Arte, 70 (1985), 159-60, fig. 31; Fusconi suggests (p. 172, n. 83) an attribution to Phillip Schor, son of J. P. Schor, who was in the entourage of the Marchese del Carpio in Naples. Rosa López Torrijos, 'Coleccionismo en la época de Velàzquez', Velàzquez y el arte de su Tiempo (Madrid, 1991), 27-36, gives details of Carpio's career and refers to manuscripts of his secretary Juan Vélez de Léon, which include an account of the Carpio collection very similar to the preface in SAL/MS/879. Beatrice Cacciotti, 'La Collezione del VII Marchese del Carpio tra Roma e Madrid', Bolletino d'Arte, nos. 86-7 (1994), 133-96, reproduces many drawings of sculpture from SAL/MS/879 and gives present locations in Spain of the originals (pp. 195-6). Carpio owned forty-three albums of drawings of which only a few survive (references in Cacciotti, ibid., 136-7, notes 39-40; see note 41 for SAL/MS/879). (Inf. on bibliography from John A. Goodall, FSA, and Enriqueta Harris Frankfort).

Date: 1676-1682
Held by: Society of Antiquaries of London, not available at The National Archives
Language: English
Physical condition: Paper; ff. ii + 107. c. 1682. Folio. Red morocco, gilt-tooled, with gilt edges. Armorial bookstamp of the Marqués del Carpio, fol. 2; his coroneted cyphers, fols. 104, 106. On the flyleaf, fol. i, 'cajon 19' (bookcase 19); laid-down, a cutting from an English dealer's catalogue, priced at £7. 17s. 6d. On fol. ii, '105 Disegni'. Catalogue reference '101/14/14/0', fol. iii.
Immediate source of acquisition:

Exhibited and presented by Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks, then VPSA, 22 June 1882 (signature, fol. ii, and record of presentation). Proc., 2nd.ser., 9 (1881-3), 175.

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