Catalogue description Jewish Tribunal Under the Shops Acts, 1936 and 1950: Minutes and Papers

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Details of HO 239
Reference: HO 239
Title: Jewish Tribunal Under the Shops Acts, 1936 and 1950: Minutes and Papers

Minute books of the Tribunal from its inception in 1938, together with correspondence relating to its establishment, membership and work and case papers relating to Jewish Sunday trading. A few papers relate to earlier Shops Acts.

Date: 1912-1971
Held by: London Metropolitan Archives: City of London
The National Archives, Kew
Legal status: Public Record(s)
Language: English

Jewish Tribunal Under the Shops Acts, 1936 and 1950, 1938-

Physical description: 120 files and volumes
Immediate source of acquisition:

In 1995 Board of Deputies of British Jews

Custodial history: HO 239/1-48 were transferred to the London Metropolitan Archives in 1995.
Administrative / biographical background:

The Tribunal was established under s.7 of the Shops Act 1936 and continues under s.53 of the Shops (Sunday Trading Restriction) Act 1950. It is composed of members of the Jewish religion appointed by the Board of Deputies of British Jews subject to the approval of the Home Secretary, who also lays down the rules by which the Tribunal operates. It has the duty to determine, in cases referred to it by local authorities, whether the occupier of a shop who is registered as holding conscientious objections on religious grounds to carrying on trade or business on the Jewish Sabbath is indeed of the Jewish religion and genuinely entertains such objections. If the Tribunal finds against the occupier, his registration is revoked by the local authority and he is thereby precluded from trading on Sundays. The Tribunal held its first hearing on 4 January 1938.

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