Catalogue description George Caley.

Details of Subseries within RM 11
Reference: Subseries within RM 11
Title: George Caley.
Description:

Comprises one bound volume of papers and correspondence relating to George Caley.

Date: 1799-1898
Held by: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Library and Archives, not available at The National Archives
Former reference in its original department: KCL/7
Legal status: Public Record(s)
Physical description: 1 volume(s)
Administrative / biographical background:

Caley, George (1770-1829). George Caley was one of the first plant-hunters to be sent out to Australia by Sir Joseph Banks. Caley spent the greater part of the next ten years exploring the lonely valleys, forests and mountains of south-western Australia. He sent many New Holland plants to Kew, including Acacias, Eucalypts, Grevilleas and Banksias, and Epacris purpurescens, a shrub from the Blue Mountains. It was the first Australian Heath to reach England. About 1810, Sir Joseph Banks cut off supplies, offering Caley the choice of remaining in Australia or returning home. He chose the latter and arrived in England in 1811. Soon afterwards he took up the position of Superintendent of the Botanic Garden at St Vincent. In 1819 Caley returned to England where he died, ten years later. His name is remembered in quite a number of Australian wild flowers of which the most important are the aromatic Prostanthera Caleyi, the white Viola Caleyi, the Calearias, a genus of ground Orchids known in Australia as 'Cockatoo Orchids', and Grevillea Caleyi, an evergreen shrub.

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