Catalogue description Board of Education and successors: University Branch and Pensions Branch: Teachers' Superannuation, Registered Files (PEN Series)

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Details of ED 131
Reference: ED 131
Title: Board of Education and successors: University Branch and Pensions Branch: Teachers' Superannuation, Registered Files (PEN Series)

Registered files of the Board of Education and successors University Branch and Pensions Branch relating to the administration of the Elementary School Teachers (Superannuation) Act 1898 and subsequent legislation relating to teachers' pensions.

The subjects covered include measures taken during both World Wars to safeguard the pensions of teachers who were transferred to essential non-teaching work or served in the armed forces or ancillary services; arrangements and reciprocal arrangements for teachers serving in Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands, the Isle of Man and in Commonwealth countries; and the introduction of Widows' and Family Benefit schemes.

Later papers deal with the relationship of the teachers' superannuation Acts with other superannuation schemes (eg civil service, police, fire service) and with modifications made necessary following the National Insurance Act, 1948.

Date: 1899-1977

In code number order. From piece No. 105 onwards, however, the list is arranged in numerical file number order.

The "Pen. General" series of files links a subject heading to an individual number in a consecutive block commencing at Pen. 400. The files include documents registered under an earlier system which merely allotted the next available serial number to a paper on any subject, starting afresh each year.

Related material:

See also Records of the Establishments Division: Division within ED

Held by: The National Archives, Kew
Former reference in its original department: PEN file series
Legal status: Public Record(s)
Language: English
Physical description: 250 file(s)
Access conditions: Subject to 30 year closure unless otherwise stated
Unpublished finding aids:

The "Key to Arrangement" shows in alphabetical order the subject matter of the papers contained in this series and for ease of reference the code number assigned to the subject. Please speak to staff at the enquiry desk for the precise location.

Administrative / biographical background:

Prior to 1899 the superannuation benefits of teachers depended upon minutes of the Committee of the Privy Council on Education; they were limited in number and small in amount. The Elementary School Teachers (Superannuation) Act of 1898 provided for deferred annuities, superannuation allowances and disablement allowances, the teacher being required to contribute a sum each year to the Deferred Annuity Fund. The Act was practically limited in its application to certificated teachers in public elementary schools.

The School Teachers (Superannuation) Act, 1918, introduced a much more generous system of allowances, which provided for death gratuities and short service gratuities. These benefits were extended to uncertificated teachers and teachers in all schools aided by the Board of Education, including training colleges. Existing certificated teachers had the option of remaining under local pensions schemes.

This system was non-contributory, but a temporary charge of 5 per cent of salary was imposed upon the teacher in 1922, and this was made permanent by the Teachers (Superannuation) Act, of 1925, an equal contribution of 5 per cent being required from the employer.

The omission from the 1925 Act of a medical examination as a condition of benefit involved modifications in various Regulations of the Board. Educational organisers were afforded the option of transferring from the local pension scheme (if any) to the scheme under the Act.

Under the Teachers (Superannuation) Act, 1937, teachers were able to allocate part of their pensions to dependants in accordance with the Allocation of Pensions Rules. Since this date Pensions (Increases) Acts were passed in 1944, 1947 and 1952.

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