Catalogue description Exchequer: King's Remembrancer: Extents of Alien Priories, Aliens etc

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Details of E 106
Reference: E 106
Title: Exchequer: King's Remembrancer: Extents of Alien Priories, Aliens etc

This series contains diverse documents which are concerned with the administration and management of the lands, possessions and revenues of aliens and alien priories.

During peacetime the Crown often imposed fines on or raised subsidies from the priories; during periods of warfare, however, their lands and possessions were normally seized and placed in the hands of royal keepers.

Most of the aliens affected were European merchants resident in England. The alien priories were dependencies of French houses, run by French clergy. About 90 were dissolved in 1414 by Henry V. Others bought charters of denization from the Crown and became dependencies of English houses instead.

There are three main types of records: property-related documents which list lands and possessions, such as extents, inquisitions and indentures; financial documents which detail debts, fines, subsidies, receipts of revenues collected, and receipts for payments made; administrative and legal records, most of which are writs along with some certificates of mainprise; and other miscellaneous documents. These include inventories and memoranda concerning the possessions of alien priories, and petitions. Most were apparently compiled as a result of royal directives.

Date: 1293-1483

Chronological, by reign. A significant proportion of the documents, especially those relating to the possessions and property of a particular priory or individual, have been made into a roll or tied together to form a bundle.

Held by: The National Archives, Kew
Legal status: Public Record(s)
Language: French and Latin
Physical description: 265 files and rolls
Physical condition: The state of preservation of some of the records is poor and in many instances the text is faded and difficult to read.
Custodial history: The majority of the records were formerly among the Ancient Miscellanea of the Exchequer kept in the Queen's Remembrancer's Office. Some other records were kept in the Treasury of the Receipt in the Chapter House at Westminster Abbey.

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