Catalogue description Duchy of Lancaster: Drafts and Particulars for Leases

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Details of DL 14
Reference: DL 14
Title: Duchy of Lancaster: Drafts and Particulars for Leases

This series consists mainly of the particulars and drafts for leases issued under the seals of the Duchy of Lancaster and the County Palatine of Lancaster.

Some particulars relate to the possessions of chantries and colleges which lay within the Duchy, which after the Dissolution were leased out by the Duchy administrators.

Some of the draft leases relate to leases in reversion, or the lease of a future right in a property, usually at the end of the current lease. These were often used to reward royal servants who would sell the right to the reversion, usually to the current lessee.

There is also a bundle of counterpart leases of the Commonwealth (1649-1660) period.

Date: c1509-1891
Related material:

Particulars for the lease of crown land will also be found in LR 10

Held by: The National Archives, Kew
Legal status: Not Public Record(s)
Language: English and Latin

Duchy of Lancaster, 1399-

Physical description: 129 bundle(s)
Access conditions: Open unless otherwise stated
Immediate source of acquisition:

From 2021 Duchy of Lancaster

Accruals: Series is accruing
Unpublished finding aids:

An index to Duchy leases is available. Please speak to staff at the Map and Large Document Room enquiry desk for the precise location.

Administrative / biographical background:

From the beginning of the period covered by this series, authority for such leases was within the remit of the chancellor and council of the Duchy and the process would be initiated by a chancellor's warrant to the clerk of the Duchy to prepare a draft lease. Occasionally authority for leases would come from outside the Duchy from the monarch in the form of signet bills, a few of which occur in this series. Prior to the reign of Elizabeth I some drafts were checked by the auditor, who would write a note of the value of the property at the bottom, or on the dorse, of the draft. The chancellor would then check and sign the draft and add the term of the lease based on the auditor's advice.

From the reign of Elizabeth I, however, the chancellor's initial warrant would not be to the clerk but to the relevant auditor to draw up a particular of the property to be leased. A draft particular would be returned to the Duchy Chancery and the final particular would be drawn up for the attention of the chancellor. He would then, write his fiat or warrant on the bottom of the particular to the clerk, who would have a draft of the lease drawn up in the Duchy Chancery. This would then be checked and signed by the clerk and the attorney general, rather than the chancellor. A two part lease could then, finally, be prepared.

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