Catalogue description War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Malta, Original Correspondence

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Details of CO 158
Reference: CO 158
Title: War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Malta, Original Correspondence

This series contains original correspondence relating to Malta.

Date: 1801-1951

Bound volumes arranged chronologically and usually within the following subject headings: Despatches (letters of the Governors), Offices (letters of government departments and other organisations), and Individuals (arranged alphabetically). With some case volumes. Each volume with a contents list, or a précis of each letter giving name of correspondent, date of letter and subject matter. From 1926 correspondence is arranged in subject files.

Related material:

For later records relating to the Order of St. Michael and St. George see CO 447

For records after 1951 see CO 926

Held by: The National Archives, Kew
Legal status: Public Record(s)
Language: English
Physical description: 590 files and volumes
Access conditions: Subject to 30 year closure unless otherwise stated
Unpublished finding aids:

For registers of this correspondence see CO 326 before 1850, CO 355 after 1850. For indexed précis of correspondence see CO 714.

Administrative / biographical background:

Malta was captured by the French from the Knights of St John of Jerusalem in 1798. It was surrendered to Britain in 1800, and ceded to her in 1814. From 1801 Malta had a British civil commissioner, who was replaced in 1813 by a governor. After lengthy constitutional negotiations Malta attained independence and became a member state of the Commonwealth on 21 September 1964. In December 1974 Malta became a republic.

The order of St Michael and St George was created in 1818 for the indigenous inhabitants of Malta and the Ionian Islands and for other British subjects holding high position there or in the British naval forces serving in the Mediterranean. It was extended in 1868 to all colonies.

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