The records in this series consist of pleadings in equity suits in the court of Chancery.
They often comprise the plaintiff's bill of complaint only, but the defendant's answer and other documents in the process, including the plaintiffs' replication to the answer, are also filed in many cases.
Matters in dispute include inheritance, lands, trusts, mortgages, debts and marriage settlements.
The series is searchable by names of first named plaintiff an one or more defendant, place and subject, thanks to the work of the Friends of The National Archives and other volunteers in inputting the descriptions from manuscript finding aids available at The National Archives.
Document type, the names of extra defendants (in the format [unknown] Bloggs), and some improved dates have been added from OBS 1/378-381. This work was completed in 2018.
In addition, the opportunity was taken to add four codes to help researchers identify causes brought by different types of litigant, as follows:
These codes (SFP, JFP, CBP, UBP) can of course be used with other search terms.
- By gender: SFP for sole female plaintiff, and JFP for joint female plaintiffs - where the bill was filed in the name of females only. [Sole here does not imply femme sole, although many female litigants were widows or spinsters]. This is not completely to be trusted, as it omits a widow acting for infant sons but includes a widow acting for infant daughters, also the earlier cataloguing work did not always note when a female was an infant or wife of a defendant and represented by a male next friend.
- By corporate body: CBP brings up colleges, London companies etc.
- By unincorporate body - a group acting in a joint interest: UBP will produce churchwardens, parishioners, copyholders, manorial tenants, inhabitants etc.