War Office, Office of the Judge Advocate General of the Forces, 1935-1948
Immediate source of acquisition:
From 1989 Ministry of Defence
Series is accruing
Administrative / biographical background:
In July 1945, a War Crimes Investigation Branch was set up under HQ Allied Land Forces Norway to oversee the surrender and disarming of the German garrison.
The unit operated from Oslo until January 1946 when it moved to London where it was disbanded in March 1946. Before the move from Oslo a number of cases under investigation were handed over to HQ British Army of the Rhine (HQ BAOR) for completion.
The British also despatched several small war crimes investigation teams similar to those being set up in Germany and Italy, and, while working independently, these teams were responsible to the War Crimes Investigation Branch. Their role was to follow up certain specific cases of war crimes known to have been committed by the German occupation forces against British servicemen. The majority of these cases concerned the murder of Allied commandos and other personnel involved in special operations. The most important trial that resulted from this team's activities was that of General Von Falkenhorst, commander of the German forces in Norway.
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