War Office: Muster Books and Pay Lists
Details of WO 16
War Office: Muster Books and Pay Lists
This series contains muster books and pay lists for the period of 1878 to 1898.
The majority of the records for the years 1878 to 1888 contain detailed pay lists with names. Those described as 'General States' contain a general statement of accounts for the regiment concerned.
From 1888 onwards (WO 16/2917-3049) the series consists of company muster rolls only, and these do not contain pay lists.
This series was worked upon as part of the Regiments Indexing Project, for which regimental names were added as index terms for the pre-1881 period. (January 2004.)
The regimental musters in WO 16 are mostly listed by regiment name and in many cases by battalion. The musters for infantry regiments from 1880 onwards (WO 16/2285-2478) are arranged by regimental district. When attempting to find the muster book for a 2nd battalion - and the pre-1881 line infantry number of the 1st battalion is unknown - readers should refer to the Army lists for 1882 onward, which are available in the reading rooms at The National Archives, Kew.
Post-1880 volumes commence with several organisational tables showing the line infantry regiments, and their pre-1881 designations of the line, militia and volunteer battalions; the old regimental number of the 2nd battalion will be found therein.
Those infantry regiments serving in India between 1883 and 1889 have their musters listed by regimental name and in regimental order of preference.
The following list, notes New Regimental Titles, Old Foot Regiment Numbers and Regimental District Numbers. For example, the Border Regiment was made up of the 34th and 55th Foot and became part of Regimental District 34.
Regimental Title. Old Foot Regiment Number. Regimental District Number.
The Royal Scots (Lothian Regt) 1 1
The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regt) 2 2
The Buffs (East Kent Regt) 3 3
The King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regt) 4 4
The Northumberland Fusiliers 5 5
The Royal Warwickshire Regt 6 6
The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regt) 7 7
The King's (Liverpool Regt) 8 8
The Norfolk Regt 9 9
The Lincolnshire Regt 10 10
The Devonshire Regt 11 11
The Suffolk Regt 12 12
The Prince Albert's (Somersetshire L I) 13 13
The Prince of Wales's Own West Yorkshire Regt 14 14
The East Yorkshire Regt 15 15
The Bedfordshire Regt 16 16
The Leicestershire Regt 17 17
The Royal Irish Regt 18 18
The Princess of Wales's Own (Yorkshire Regt) 19 19
The Lancashire Fusiliers 20 20
The Royal Scots Fusiliers 21 21
The Cheshire Regt 22 22
The Royal Welsh Fusiliers 23 23
The South Wales Borderers 24 24
The King's Own Scottish Borderers 25 25
The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) 26/90 26
The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 27/108 27
The Gloucester Regt 28/61 28
The Worcester Regt 29/36 29
The East Lancashire Regt 30/59 30
The East Surrey Regiment 31/70 31
The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry 32/46 32
The Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regt) 33/76 33
The Border Regt 34/55 34
The Royal Sussex Regt 35/107 35
The Hampshire Regt 37/67 37
The South Staffordshire Regt 38/80 38
The Dorset Regt 39/54 39
The Prince of Wales's Volunteers (Sth Lancs R) 40/82 40
The Welsh Regt 41/69 41
The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) 42/73 42
The Oxfordshire Light Infantry 43/52 43
The Essex Regt 44/56 44
The Sherwood Foresters (Derbyshire Regt) 45/95 45
The Loyal North Lancashire Regt 47/81 47
The Northamptonshire Regt 48/58 48
Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Ryl Berks R) 49/66 49
The Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regt) 50/97 50
The King's Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry) 51/105 51
The King's (Shropshire Light Infantry) 53/85 53
The Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlex Regt) 57/77 57
The King's Royal Rifle Corps 60 --
The Duke of Edinburgh's (Wiltshire Regt) 62/99 62
The Manchester Regt 63/96 63
The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire R) 64/98 64
The York and Lancaster Regt 65/84 65
The Durham Light Infantry 68/106 68
The Highland Light Infantry 71/74 71
Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-Shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's) 72/78 72
The Cardwell reforms of 1881 caused many infantry regiments (Foot regiments) to be amalgamated to form two battalions under one new regimental title. The first twenty five regiments, ie the 1st-25th Foot, already had a second battalion, so that 2/24th Foot became the 2nd Battalion South Wales Borderers with battalions becoming known by the title of their regiment rather than by a number.
The majority of these regiments numbered 26 and onwards were paired with another regiment to form new regiments consisting of two battalions, the lower number became the 1st battalion and the higher number the 2nd battalion. For example, 34th Foot and the 55th Foot became the 1st and 2nd Battalions of the Border Regiment.
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