Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England, 1984-
Subject to 30 year closure unless otherwise stated
Immediate source of acquisition:
from 1992 Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England
Administrative / biographical background:
The Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England (better known as English Heritage) was set up under the National Heritage Act 1983, replacing the Ancient Monuments Boards for England and the Historic Buildings Councils for England. It took over from the Department of the Environment responsibility for the care and preservation of England's national monuments.
The commission was responsible to the Secretary of State for the Environment (from 1992 to the Secretary of State for National Heritage and then from 1997 to the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport) for securing the preservation of ancient monuments and historic buildings; for promoting the preservation and enhancement of conservation areas; and for promoting the public's enjoyment of, and advancing their knowledge of, ancient monuments and historic buildings and their preservation. In addition the Commission provides funding and support for archaeological excavations, which are undertaken largely by independent archaeological units. The remit of the Commission does not cover Hampton Court, the Tower of London and other Royal Palaces.
Members of the Commission are appointed by the Secretary of State and are persons with relevant knowledge, such as history, archaeology, architecture, preservation of monuments, town and country planning, tourism, commerce, finance and local government.
Under a Chief Executive the Commission is organised into four divisions: Conservation; Technical Services; Properties in Care; and Administrative Services.
In April 2015, following the changes to English Heritage's structure that moved the protection of the National Heritage Collection into the voluntary sector the body that remained was rebranded as Historic England.
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