Catalogue description Post Office: Wireless Telegraphy and Telephony

This record is held by BT Group Archives

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Details of POST 88
Reference: POST 88
Title: Post Office: Wireless Telegraphy and Telephony
Description:

This series consists of a collection of reports on trials and demonstrations of various systems, applications and agreements for the establishment of stations, permits to conduct experiments, departmental and Parliamentary reports and miscellaneous correpondence on the subject, including references to the establishment of an Imperial Wireless Chain.

Significant items in this series include a collection of original letters to Sir William Preece, the Post Office Engineer-in-Chief and electrician, from Guglielmo Marconi dating from the latter's arrival in the United Kingdom, and which describe a number of experiments in wireless telegraphy.

Please see BT Archives online catalogue and The Postal Museum's online catalogue for descriptions of individual records within this series.

Note: Catalogue entries below series level were removed from Discovery, The National Archives' online catalogue, in November 2016 because fuller descriptions were available in The Postal Museum's online catalogue and BT Archives online catalogue.
Date: 1886-1945
Arrangement:

Note that these records have been rearranged to fit the scheme of arrangement used at BT Archives. The records have been incorporated within TCB and the POST 88 reference numbers are now obsolete.

Related material:

Other material on Marconi's relationship with Preece and the Post Office can be found in:

TCK 89

Held by: BT Group Archives, not available at The National Archives
Legal status: Public Record(s)
Language: English
Physical description: 52 file(s)
Access conditions: Subject to 30 year closure
Custodial history: This series of records, along with other Post Office telecommunications records, was transferred from the Post Office Archives to BT Archives in 1991.
Administrative / biographical background:

The possibility of transmitting signals from one point to another by electrical impulses without a connecting wire had attracted attention since the early days of telegraphy, and the Post Office, among others, conducted experiments in this field. In 1896, the Post Office (through its Engineer-in-Chief, Sir William Preece) provided facilities for Guglielmo Marconi to conduct experiments in the field of wireless telegraphy by means of hertzian waves.

Marconi gave the first demonstration of his new systems of wireless telegraphy before members of the Post Office administration on 27 July 1896. With the transmitter on the roof of the Central Telegraph Office in Newgate Street, London, and the receiver on the roof of GPO South in Carter Lane, 300 yards away, signals from the transmitter were satisfactorily recorded. In August, the Post Office permitted Marconi to experiment with wireless equipment on Salisbury plain and elsewhere. The ensuing trials demonstrated the practicality of his system.

The following year Marconi was granted a British patent for his system by which "electrical actions or manifestations are transmitted through the air, earth or water by means of electric oscillations of high frequency". In July of the same year, Marconi parted company with the Post Office and, with other backers, set up the Marconi Wireless Telegraph and Signal Company.

In order to secure the control of wireless telegraphy, the Wireless Telegraph Act was passed in 1904 rendering it illegal for persons to install or work apparatus without a licence from the Postmaster General. In 1918, the Wireless Telegraphy Board was set up to coordinate interference problems in radio communication in the English Channel. The interests of users of radio other than Government departments were represented by the Post Office.

In 1924, the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company entered into an agreement with the British Government for the provision of radio stations to set up an Imperial Wireless Chain in England, Australia, Canada, India and South Africa. From 1929 electrical communications across the Empire were overseen by the Imperial Communications Advisory Committee, on which the Post Office was represented.

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