Deeds relating chiefly to the Manor and properties in Aldwick, 1555-1791
[Nos. 1-5 included in a separate bundle, together with a slip of paper labelled "These Deeds relate to the Title of the Manor of Aldwick before its Connection with the Title of Butcombe Farm, which was made by the Will of Sr. William Turner in the Year 1665"].
THE MANOR OF ALDWICK
The first mention of Aldwick in the documents in the Somerset Record Office occurs in a court roll of the manor of Ubley (1456-63) and the reference is dated 1458. It seems likely that for some time before and it is certain that for a long time after this date the history of Aldwick is tied up with that of Ubley. Aldwick is still included with Ubley in an account roll of 1640-41. The first mention of a lord of the manor in the Ubley court rolls is in 1433 - Richard Cheddar esquire. The descent of Aldwick from that time, therefore, may very well be as follows
(A) Richard Chedder (De Chedder, Cheddar, etc.).
Eldest son of Robert C., by his wife Joan, dau. of Simon Hanham. Born 1379. Married Elizabeth, dau. and h. of Robert de Cantelo. Died s.p. 1437; his heir being his brother
(B) Thomas Chedder, fourth son of Robert. He held his first court as lord of the manor of Ubley on 5 May 1438. Died 21 Henry VI (1442-3); leaving as coheiresses his daughters Isabel, wife of John Cradock alias Newton, and Joan, widow of Robert Stafford (who married secondly John Talbot, Viscount L'Isle). The first court of the manor of Ubley after the partition of the lands of Thomas Chedder, esq., between John Newton (Neuton, etc.; and his wife Isabel, and Joan, Lady Lisle, was held on 8 Feb. 1457 (new style); and in 1458 the lord of the manor of Ubley (including Aldwick) is given as
(C) John Newton, esq. A deed of partition (no.6) gives Sir John Newton, knight, as the husband of the said Isabel (dau.of Thomas Chedder), and he must have been knighted subsequent to 1470, and have died prior to 1492, when the lady of the manor is given as his widow
(D) Lady Isabel Newton; who was succeeded by their son
(E) Richard Newton. According to an inquisition post mortem, he died on 26th Oct. 16 Henry VII (1500), leaving as his heirs two daughters, Isabel (aged 13 and more) and Joan (aged 5 and more). The deed of partition, 1555, states that Sir Giles Capel was married to Isabel and Sir Thomas Griffin (Gryffyn, etc.) to Joan, and that Sir Henry Capel was the son of the said Isabel. According to the court rolls there was held on 28 Aug. 1534 the first court for the manor of Ubley by
(F) Sir Henry Capell and Sir Thomas Griffin. These appear as lords of the manor again in 1536 and 1550, and presumably continued as such until the deed of partition in 1555, although Sir Giles was still living. At the partition Ubley, Aldwick, and several other manors remained with the Capel family, and their story is continued from Burke's Peerage (1929) as follows. Sir Henry Capell was succeeded by his brother
(G) Sir Edward Capel. (Appears in the court rolls for 1569). He married Anne, dau. of Sir William Pelham, and was succeeded by his elder son
(H) Sir Henry Capel. He married Catherine, dau. of Thomas Manners, 1st Earl of Rutland, and had a son and heir
(I) Sir Arthur Capel. He married Margaret, dau. of Lord John Grey of Pirgo; was sheriff of Hertfordshire in 1592; and was succeeded by his grandson
[N.B. In the court rolls Sir Arthur Capell, knight, appears from 1604 to 1631 and Arthur Capel, esq., from 1632 to 1639 when the rolls cease]
(J) Arthur Capel, created 1st Baron Capel 1641 (only son of Sir Henry Capel, by Theodosia, sister of Edward, Lord Montagu). He was beheaded in 1649 (new style) and was succeeded by his eldest son
(K) Arthur (created Earl of Essex in 1661). According to the deeds (nos.2-5) as Baron Capell of Hadham he conveyed the manor of Aldwick in 1653 to
(L) William Turner, doctor of law. (Label to deeds gives Will as 1665). He, afterwards knighted, had a son
(M) William Turner of Richmond, co.Surrey, esq., who was concerned in an assignment (not a conveyance or alienation) of the manor of Aldwick in 1674
The deeds carry the story no further than 1674, but do indicate, as did Collinson, that Saml.Baker the younger was concerned with Aldwick property in 1791.