It comprises principally the personal correspondence of the first three Earls, the largest concentration of material relating to the 3rd Earl and Countess, before and after the Earl succeeded to the title. The collection also includes a quantity of papers relating to Edward Herbert, diplomat (nephew of 3rd Earl); Alan Herbert, doctor (brother of 4th Earl); and Beatrice Herbert, writer (great-granddaughter of 1st Earl). Many of the papers were used by the Dowager Fourth Countess for her biography of the 4th Earl; her typescripts of this book may also be found in this collection.
The papers in this collection give an insight into the affectionate relationships of the 2nd Earl and his five children. Also well represented are the papers of the 3rd Countess, née Henrietta Howard Molyneux. Her mother, brother and three sisters were prolific correspondents, and their letters give an impression of the social life, religious feelings and political outlook of the landed families.
The papers in this collection may be summarised as comprising the correspondence which the Dowager Fourth Lady Carnarvon (hereafter DFLC) used during the writing of the early chapters of her husband's biography (but not those dealing with his own career), as well as including some later material.
Large collection of family papers of the Herbert family, Earls of Carnarvon (courtesy title Lord Porchester borne by heir), principally consisting of family and personal correspondence. Includes
Henry Herbert, 1st Earl of Carnarvon (1741-1811): correspondence received, including family and political correspondence, letters relating to Hampshire and Wiltshire elections, 1789-1811 and the Wiltshire militia, and correspondence with Boisquelin de Chabonnes, Archbishop of Aix
Henry George Herbert, 2nd Earl (1772-1833): correspondence received, including family and political correspondence and letters concerning Cricklade Borough, the Wiltshire militia and the Somerset Yeomanry
Siblings of the 2nd Earl: small quantities of family and general correspondence received by Very Revd William Herbert, Revd and Mrs George Herbert and Lady Frances Herbert, later Moreton (1st Countess of Ducie)
Elizabeth Kitty Herbert, nee Acland, 2nd Countess (1773-1813): correspondence received, including letters from her husband concerning the 1810 Regency Bill and his opposition to the Reform Bill; other Acland and Dyke family papers including letters to Lady Harriet Acland from the Herbert family and papers concerning Dyke family charities and scholarships
Miss Beatrice Mary Herbert: literary manuscripts, typescripts and printed stories, 1900-42; photograph album of Capt George Frederick Herbert relating to service in the Royal Artillery in Egypt and India, and letter concerning Chitral expedition, 1884-96; executorship accounts, 1948-9
Henry John George Herbert, 3rd Earl (1800-1849): correspondence received: letters from his family while he was at private school (1812-13), at Eton (from 1813) and in Lisbon (1826-8); other letters from the Herbert, Stapleton, Moreton, Acland, Escott and Howard families; social, political and literary correspondence, including letters from Lord Ashburton, Charles Holte Bracebridge and Selina Bracebridge, Frances, Marchioness of Bute (nee Coutts), James Robert Gawen, Capt C F Henningsen (concerning Spain), Sir Edmund Lyons (of Athens), Viscount Mahon (later 5th Earl), Revd Stephen Nosworthy, W Whateley, Edward Whiteley (of Oporto) and others; letters concerning Don Miguel and 3rd Earl's book on Portugal and Galicia (1830-45), the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (1835-42), agricultural, and horticultural and charitable societies; draft speeches; literary papers; papers concerning travels in Spain and Portugal (1826-8) and in Greece and the Middle East (1838-9)
Edward Charles Hugh Herbert (1802-52): letters from the Herbert, Escott and Barter families; miscellaneous letters and papers concerning Dulverton Troop of West Somerset Yeomanry Cavalry (1829-43); family and general correspondence received by his wife, nee Elizabeth Escott; journal, perhaps by Mrs Herbert, of tour of South Devon and Cornwall (1833), with journal by unidentified writer of tour of Algeria Edward Henry Charles Herbert (1837-70): letters received from the Herbert, Acland and related families and Eton and Oxford contemporaries; business and financial papers
Lady Harriet Herbert, later Stapleton (1797-1836): correspondence received, mainly family correspondence, and letters received by her husband the Revd John C Stapleton from members of the Stapleton and Herbert families and his German connections (1829-37)
Lady Emily Herbert, later Pusey (d 1854): correspondence received, including letters from the Herbert and Pusey families, and letters received by her husband Philip Pusey MP, mainly from the Herbert family (1820-52)
Lady Theresa Herbert (1803-1815): letter from 3rd Earl
Henrietta Molyneux Herbert, nee Howard, 3rd Countess (1804-76): correspondence received: letters from the Howard and Herbert families; letters to and from 4th Earl of Carnarvon, and Sophie Bosanquet of East Woodhay (1830-47); letters from the Dallaway family of Leatherhead, Surrey, J R Gawen, Mary Morton and other domestic staff, Petre family and others; Harrow School and Eton College bills, 1850-2; occasional journals, 1835-42
Lady Henry Howard, nee Elizabeth Long (d 1835): correspondence received, including letters from the Long, Howard and Herbert families; letter to Lord Henry Howard from Charlotte Howard
Henry Howard MP (1802-75): correspondence received from the Howard, Long and Herbert families and others
Isabella Howard, later Viscountess Andover and Countess of Suffolk (d 1891): correspondence received from the Howard and Herbert families
Charlotte Howard, later Buller (d 1855): correspondence received from the Howard and Herbert families; family correspondence received by her husband James Wentworth Buller MP
Juliana Howard, later Ogilvy (d 1833): family correspondence
Howard family: miscellaneous papers including sermon by Revd Terence Macdonagh of Bransgore and
Manuscripts of family plays, 1820s; small quantity of papers relating to estates at Teversal and Wellow, Notts, and Aldingbourne, Sussex, 19th century
Long family: small quantities of correspondence received by Edward Long, Mary Ballard Long, Edward Noel Long, Lady Catherine Walpole/Long, Charlotte Long/Howard, Charles Beckford Long, Charles Edward Long, Louisa Dawkins and Revd Arthur Atherley, c1780s-1871
Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert, 4th Earl (1831-90): correspondence received, mainly letters from the Herbert, Pusey and Howard families, and letters concerning the British Charitable Fund in Paris (1870); papers concerning the murder of Edward Herbert by Greek brigands in 1870; catalogues of manuscripts
John Kent (tutor and secretary to 4th Earl): small number of letters from the Herbert family and others
Elizabeth Catherine Herbert, nee Howard, second 4th Countess (1856-1929): correspondence received: letters from 4th Earl and their children; letters concerning the Acland and Long families; miscellaneous correspondence; typescripts and correspondence in connection with her biography of the 4th Earl, with extracts from the diaries of Charlotte, Lady Phillimore (1868-91); Herbert family scrapbook (mid-late 19th century)
Aubrey N H M Herbert (1880-1923): small quantity of miscellaneous letters and papers
Mervyn R H M Herbert (1882-1929): small quantity of miscellaneous letters and papers
Dr Alan Percy Harty Molyneux Herbert (1836-1907): correspondence received: letters from the Herbert family; letters concerning the Hertford British Hospital, Paris (1888-1900); miscellaneous letters; religious and medical writings and other papers Lady Eveline Herbert, later Countess of Portsmouth: small quantity of family correspondence, 1847-92
Lady Gwendoline Ondine Herbert (1842-1915); letters from John Kent and others Estate papers: list of books at Grosvenor Square, London, 1849; letters concerning administration of Pixton estate, Dulverton, Somerset, 1834-38; lists of recipients of Christmas gifts, early 19th century; estate accounts for Tetton estate, Kingston St Mary, Somerset, 1823-45; Tetton estate vouchers, 1831-65; miscellaneous Tetton estate papers, 19th century; lists of poor residents of Highclere and Burghclere, 1812; Highclere estate administration miscellanea, 1812-53; papers concerning advowson of Teversal, Notts.
Miscellaneous: 'The Herberts of Highclere' by the 4th Earl, 1908; biographical account of the Revd J C Stapleton by Dean Henry Stapleton, late 20th century.
Highclere estate workers and servants
This collection contains very few administrative records of the Highclere estate, or lists of servants in the Castle and its grounds. There are references to individual servants within the family correspondence (Mary Morton, Ann Gaymour, W Pascoe and William Venn all figure fairly prominently). Important references to specific servants have been mentioned in the catalogue, and will be found in the office's main personal names index. See 75M95/Y48 for a list of maintenance and estate workers in 1812, and for lists of poor residents of Highclere and Burghclere at a similar date.
This collection appears to contain no records whatever concerning 5th Earl's archaeological interests. There are virtually no papers in the collection concerning the 5th Earl, except for a few letters relating to his marriage (S3), and two photographs of Highclere Castle taken by him in 1880 (S15). There are also three sheets of paper bearing Arabic handwriting (R13/50).
The following material may be useful to students of the militia and yeomanry (this is not a comprehensive list)
Wiltshire militia: 75M95/A23 - 75M95/A25, 75M95/B21
Somerset yeomanry: 75M95/E10, 75M95/E16/1-75M95/E16/9, 75M95/E39/29, 75M95/F2/8-75M95/F2/15, 75M95/F10/1-5, 75M95/J3/33, 75M95/L12/20-26, 75M95/Y41/1