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James Francis Edward Stuart, (1688-1766), Prince of Wales; Chevalier de St George; The 'Old Pretender', the 'old Pretender'

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Alternative name(s):
  • Old Pretender, The (Also known as)
  • Stuart, James Francis Edward (Also known as)
Surname: James Francis Edward Stuart
Gender: Male
Date: 1688-1766
Title: Prince of Wales; Chevalier de St George; The 'Old Pretender'
History: The 'Old Pretender'. Son of deposed James II of England and Mary of Modena. Claimant to English and Scottish thrones. Proclaimed king at St Germains on father's death, 1701, and styled by supporters James III of England and James VIII of Scotland; adherence to Roman Catholicism caused English Parliament to pass bill of attainder against him. In 1708 he set out in French ships to invade Scotland but British drove him away before he could land. Distinguished himself fighting in French army in War of Spanish Succession, 1701–14 (accompanied abortive French expedition to Scotland 1706, and served with the French at Oudenaarde 1708 and Malplaquet 1709). In 1714, refused to renounce Roman Catholicism in order to be designated heir to English throne. In 1715, Earl of Mar raised a rebellion in Scotland (first Jacobite rebellion) in favour of James, and on 22 Dec he landed at Peterhead. By 10 Feb 1716 the uprising collapsed and James returned to France. Remainder of his life passed in Italy.
Biography: ODNB link for Stuart, James Francis Edward (1688-1766) the 'old Pretender'
References: DNB; EB; NCA Rules
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/P275989 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/P142247 )
Online related resources Bibliography of British and Irish History link for James Francis Edward Stuart
Number Description Held by Reference Further information
1708 Apr 13: Adam Cardonnel to Under Secretary George Tilson: Marlborough has sent a letter to Boyle...
The National Archives, Kew
corresp and papers
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
1719: papers rel to marriage to Maria Clementina Sobieska
National Library of Ireland
See Accessions to Repositories 1986
misc letters
West Highland Museum
NRA 13685 W Highland Mus
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC 39 Hodgkin MSS
Royal Archives
See HMC 56 Stuart MSS
Royal Archives
NRA 43349 Windsor
1713-27: letters to FA Gualterio
British Library, Manuscript Collections
1716-30: letters (18) to Admiral Gordon
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 29367 Stirling Home