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Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer (1874-1965) Knight, prime minister and historian

This page summarises records created by this Person

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Surname: Churchill
Pretitle: Sir
Forenames: Winston Leonard Spencer
Gender: Male
Date: 1874-1965
Title: Knight
History: Statesman and Prime Minister; British wartime leader during Second World War. War correspondent for the 'Morning Post' during the Boer War, 1899-1900, captured and making escape from Pretoria. Conservative, Liberal, then Conservative MP for constituencies in Oldham, NW Manchester, Dundee, Epping and Woodford (first elected MP in 1900). Early ministerial positions included: President of Board of Trade, 1908-10; Home Secretary, 1910-11; First Lord of the Admiralty, 1911-15; Secretary of State for (various titles) War, Air and the Colonies, 1919-22; Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1924-29. Later, First Lord of the Admiralty, 1939-40, and Prime Minister, May 1940- July 1945 and Oct 1951-Apr 1955 (resigned). Retired 1964. Knighted 1953.
Biography: ODNB link for Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer (1874-1965), Knight, prime minister and historian
References: DNB; NCA Rules
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/P274873 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/P153597 )
Online related resources Bibliography of British and Irish History link for Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
1938-1947: Cabinet Office: Minister of Defence Secretariat: Records
The National Archives, Kew
2
1944-1954: Government Code and Cypher School and Government Communications Headquarters: London Communications Security Agency and predecessors: Comsec Editing of Winston Churchill's 'The Second World War'
The National Archives, Kew
3
1937-1946: Prime Minister's Office: Operational Correspondence and Papers
The National Archives, Kew
4
1940-1945: Government Code and Cypher School: Signals Intelligence Passed to the Prime Minister, Messages and Correspondence
The National Archives, Kew
5
c1882-1945: Chartwell Trust Papers: Microfilm
Creating government department or its successor
6
1941-1945: Prime Minister's Office: Private Office Diaries of Visits by Prime Minister
The National Archives, Kew
7
1939-1951: Prime Minister's Office: Sir Desmond Morton, Personal Assistant to Prime Minister: Correspondence and Minutes
The National Archives, Kew
8
1884-1945: corresp and papers
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 20556 Churchill

See Hazlehurst, Whitehead & Woodland, Guide to the papers of British cabinet ministers 1900-1964, 1996
9
1945-65: corresp and papers
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 20556 Churchill

See Hazlehurst, Whitehead & Woodland, Guideto the papers of British cabinet ministers 1900-1964, 1996
10
1693-2012: additional papers of or relating to Winston Churchill
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 20556 Churchill

See HMC Papers of British antiquaries and historians, 2003
11
1943: misc papers rel to Cyprus
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
NRA 11222 Woolley
12
1933-34: memos on the reform of the Indian constitution
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 10737 Kerr
13
corresp and papers
Columbia University Libraries: Rare Book and Manuscript Library
See NUC MS 71-934
14
letters
Cambridge University: Churchill College Archives
NRA 36835 Churchill
15
collected corresp and papers
Bryn Mawr College Library
See NUC MS 92-393
16
1940: speaking notes for secret session speech delivered 20 June
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 43161 Eade
17
1943: engagement diary for January
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 43511 Martin
18
1803-1973: photograph albums and press-cutting books
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 44346
19
1941-45: annotations to reports by PPS Sir GS Harvie-Watt
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 43563
20
1939-53: corresp with AV Alexander
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 12665 Alexander
21
corresp with Herbert Asquith
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
NRA 12685
22
1941-45: corresp with Clement Attlee (31ff)
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 12661
23
1941-51: corresp with Clement Attlee
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
NRA 27633
24
1941-42: corresp with Sir Claude Auchinleck
Manchester University: University of Manchester Library
NRA 25966 Auchinleck
25
1899-1930: corresp with Arthur James Balfour
British Library, Manuscript Collections
26
1911-64: corresp with Lord Beaverbrook
Parliamentary Archives
NRA 19284 Aitken
27
1940-45: corresp with Ernest Bevin
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 19698
28
1899-1902: letters (27) to Oliver Borthwick
Leeds University Library, Special Collections
NRA 35050 Glenesk
29
1917-29: letters to 1st Viscount Bridgeman
Shropshire Archives
NRA 34743
30
1904-14: corresp with JE Burns
British Library, Manuscript Collections
31
1906-07: letters to Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Library, Manuscript Collections
32
corresp with Edward Carson
Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI)
NRA 17985 Carson
33
1910-52: corresp with Lord Cecil
British Library, Manuscript Collections
34
c1900-40: letters to Austen, Joseph and Neville Chamberlain
University of Birmingham: Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections
NRA 12604 Chamberlain
35
1923-57: corresp with Lord Cherwell
Oxford University: Nuffield College Library
NRA 16447
36
1895-1906: letters (14) to WB Cockran
New York Public Library: Manuscripts and Archives Division
37
1944-47: corresp with Duff Cooper
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 31392
38
c1920-29: corresp with RT Coryndon
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
NRA 13760 Coryndon
39
1920-46: corresp with Sir H Page Croft
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 15709 Croft
40
1914-54: corresp with LG Curtis
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
NRA 21614
41
1901-26: corresp with Lord D'Abernon
British Library, Manuscript Collections
42
1919-28: corresp with JCC Davidson and Andrew Bonar Law
Parliamentary Archives
NRA 33872
43
1932-55: corresp with Clement Davies
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
NRA 31414 Davies
44
1918-45: corresp with Lord Derby
Liverpool Record Office
NRA 20761
45
1902-08: letters to Sir C Dilke
British Library, Manuscript Collections
46
1936-65: corresp with Sir Anthony Eden, Lord Avon
University of Birmingham: Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections
NRA 28779 Eden
47
1922-54: letters to Sir James Edmonds
King's College London: Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
NRA 23068 Edmonds
48
1922-46: corresp with his doctor Sir Crisp English 1923-46, with medical papers rel to the removal of his appendix 1922
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
See Annual Return 2007
49
corresp with Lord Elibank
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 11852 Murray

See NRA(S)0367 1172
50
1903-24: letters (5) to Sir Ellis Ellis-Griffith
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
NRA 37534
51
1900-26: corresp with Lord Emmott
Oxford University: Nuffield College Library
NRA 17309 Emmott
52
corresp with Sir John Ewart
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
NRA 11854
53
1908-19: corresp with Lord Fisher
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 16615 Fisher
54
1927-45: letters from him and Randolph Churchill to TH Floyd
Lancashire Archives
NRA 18108
55
1909-10: corresp with John Galsworthy
Collection held privately: enquiries to The National Archives, Archives Sector Development
NRA 13026 Galsworthy
56
1905-06: letters to Sir Francis Galton
London University: University College London (UCL) Special Collections
NRA 19968 Galton
57
1917-55: letters (12) to AD Gibb
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
58
1903-28: corresp with Lord Gladstone
British Library, Manuscript Collections
59
1922-31: corresp with HA Gwynne
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
See Chris Cook, Sources in British political history 1900-1951 vol 5 1978
60
1915-53: corresp with Lord Hankey
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 31396
61
1905-20: corresp with Lewis Harcourt
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
NRA 3679
62
1916: corresp with Lord Hardinge
Cambridge University Library: Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
NRA 3853
63
1905: letters to Sir Michael Hicks-Beach
Gloucestershire Archives
NRA 3526
64
1940-45: corresp with Sir Samuel Hoare
Cambridge University Library: Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
NRA 42205 Hoare
65
1945-48: corresp with Lord Ismay
The National Archives
66
1946-64: corresp with RV Jones
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 43555
67
corresp with Lord Keyes
British Library, Manuscript Collections
NRA 13484
68
1914-16: corresp with Lord Kitchener
The National Archives
69
1914-16: corresp with Lord Kitchener
The National Archives
70
1924-55: corresp with Sir BH Liddell Hart
King's College London: Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
NRA 19291
71
1910-34: corresp with David Lloyd George
Parliamentary Archives
NRA 15700
72
1926-37: corresp with Lord Londonderry
Durham County Record Office
NRA 11528 Vane-Tempest-Stewart
73
1908-45: corresp with Lord Londonderry
Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI)
NRA 19803 Stewart
74
1924-54: corresp with David Low
Yale University Libraries: Beinecke Library
75
1900-44: corresp with Lord Lytton
Knebworth House
NRA 25520 Bulwer-Lytton
76
1909-12: corresp with R McKenna
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 12034 McKenna
77
1905-45: corresp with Macmillans
British Library, Manuscript Collections
78
1873-98: letters to Duchess of Marlborough
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 18561 Churchill Coll
79
c1906-47: corresp with Sir EH Marsh and related papers (copies)
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
80
1937-64: corresp with Lord Monckton
Oxford University: Balliol College Manuscripts & Special Collections
NRA 20879 Monckton
81
1905-33: corresp with Sir Leo Money
Cambridge University Library: Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
NRA 37737
82
1944-1960: corresp with Lord Moran
Wellcome Collection
NRA 36142
83
1902-14: letters (36) to John Morley
British Library, Manuscript Collections
84
1907-1947: corresp with Lord Mottistone
Oxford University: Nuffield College Library
85
1899-1922: corresp with Lord Northcliffe
British Library, Manuscript Collections
86
1900-18: letters to John Redmond
National Library of Ireland
87
1900-14: letters to Earl Roberts
National Army Museum Templer Study Centre
NRA 18656
88
corresp with Lord Rosebery
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
NRA 22490 Primrose
89
1904-11: corresp with William Royle
Manchester Archives and Local Studies
NRA 35266 Royle
90
1901-29: corresp with Walter Runciman
Newcastle University: Special Collections
NRA 13873
91
corresp with Herbert Samuel
Parliamentary Archives
NRA 11187
92
1905-26: corresp with CP Scott (23 items)
Manchester University: University of Manchester Library
NRA 18162 Guardian
93
1906-15: corresp with 2nd Earl of Selborne
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
NRA 17810
94
1911-55: corresp with 3rd Earl of Selborne
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
NRA 22802
95
1911-53: corresp with Lord Simon
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
NRA 24981
96
1915-35: letters (28) to AHM Sinclair
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 29992
97
1919-64: corresp with Sir EL Spears
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 21961
98
1908-63: corresp with his wife Lady Spencer-Churchill and engagement diary
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 43521
99
corresp with JA Spender
British Library, Manuscript Collections
100
corresp with editor of the Times
News UK Archive
NRA 19359 The Times
101
1919-35: corresp with Lord Weir
Glasgow University Archive Services
NRA 26835
102
corresp with Lord Weir
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
NRA 13671 Weir
103
1918-22: corresp with Sir Henry Wilson
Imperial War Museum Department of Documents
NRA 28567
104
1940-62: corresp with Lord Woolton
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
NRA 21829
105
1953-1965: offer of burial in Westminster Abbey (declined); letters rel to the Abbey Restoration Appeal 1953-1954; corresp rel to his memorial stone in the Abbey 1965
Westminster Abbey Library and Muniment Room
106
1900-33: letters (copies)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
107
1952-1975: papers of Sir Thomas Fife Clark concerning press information about Churchill and the arrangements for his funeral
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
108
1929-41: letters to Commander John Owen, naval historical adviser
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
109
1919-1931: presscuttings relating to Churchill
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
110
1874-1968: photographs of Churchill taken throughout his life and career
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
111
1940-1955: corresp with Leo Amery
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
112
1899: letter to Louis de Souza, Transvaal Secretary of State for War, announcing decision to escape from prison
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
See Annual Return 2013
113
1965-1986: oral history recordings of interviews with former staff and colleagues of Sir Winston Churchill
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
114
1922-1932: additional corresp
Cambridge University: Churchill Archives Centre
See Annual Return 2012

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