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Townshend, family, Marquesses Townshend

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1100-2000
History:

The Townshend family was settled at East Raynham (Norfolk) by the late 14th century, and greatly extended its estates around Raynham in the 16th century. Out-county properties were also acquired, including Wivenhoe (Essex), purchased from the Earl of Oxford in 1584 but sold during the 17th century. Sir John Townshend (1568-1603) married Anne, daughter and co-heir of Sir Nathaniel Bacon of Stiffkey (Norfolk) (c1546-1622). Their son Sir Roger Townshend (d. 1637) married Mary, daughter and co-heir of Lord Vere of Tilbury (a grandson of the 15th Earl of Oxford), and built Raynham Hall. Their son Horatio married Mary, daughter and heir of Sir Edward Lewkenor, through whom the Denham (Suffolk) estate (sold in 1803) was inherited, and was created Baron Townshend in 1661 and Viscount Townshend in 1682.

The 2nd Viscount (d. 1738), statesman and agriculturist, married firstly (in 1698) Elizabeth Pelham, whose mother was a co-heir of the Jones family of Ramsbury (Wiltshire), and secondly (in 1713), Dorothy (1686-1726), sister of Sir Robert Walpole, of Houghton Hall, Norfolk, 1st Earl of Orford. The 3rd Viscount (1700-64) married Audrey, daughter and heir of Edward Harrison, through whom the Townshends obtained the Balls Park (Hertfordshire) estate (sold 1901) and the Soham and Fordham (Cambridgeshire) estate (sold c1806).

The 1st Marquess Townshend (1724-1807, so created 1787), Field Marshal and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, married in 1751 Charlotte Compton, Baroness Ferrers in her own right (d. 1770), only daughter of James Compton, 5th Earl of Northampton, and through her mother heiress of the Ferrers family of Tamworth Castle (Warwickshire), with estates in Derbyshire, Staffordshire and Warwickshire (see Compton, Marquesses of Northampton; Shirley, Earls Ferrers). These estates, which included Walton-upon-Trent (Derbyshire), a secondary seat of the Ferrers family, and further Derbyshire properties inherited through the Bradbourne family in the late 16th century, were mostly sold in the early 19th century, although Tamworth Castle itself was bought back and remained in the family until 1897.

There were extensive sales from Raynham Hall in the early 20th century, and manuscripts were widely dispersed at auction in 1911 and 1924. A quantity of papers appears to have left Tamworth Castle in the early 19th century, passing into the collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps.

Estates in 1883: Norfolk 18,343 acres, Herts 1,565 acres, Warwicks 2 acres, total 19,910 acres worth £22,560 a year, exclusive of tithes and shooting rents worth c £1,000.

Places:
  • Amwell, Hertfordshire
  • Ashbourne, Derbyshire
  • Balls Park, Hertfordshire
  • Bengeo, Hertfordshire
  • Binham, Norfolk
  • Canonbury, Middlesex
  • Clerkenwell, Middlesex
  • East Donyland, Essex
  • East Raynham, Norfolk
  • Elkington, Northamptonshire
  • Ely, Cambridgeshire
  • Flecknoe, Warwickshire
  • Fordham, Cambridgeshire
  • Gorhambury, Hertfordshire
  • Great Bentley, Essex
  • Great Thurlow, Suffolk
  • Great Yarmouth, Norfolk
  • Hannington, Wiltshire
  • Helhoughton, Norfolk
  • Horsham St Faith, Norfolk
  • Kempsford, Gloucestershire
  • Kentford, Suffolk
  • Langham, Norfolk
  • Lea Marston, Warwickshire
  • London
  • Morston, Norfolk
  • Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire
  • Ramsbury, Wiltshire
  • Raynham Hall, Norfolk
  • Rendlesham, Suffolk
  • Risby, Yorkshire
  • Soham, Cambridgeshire
  • Stiffkey, Norfolk
  • Tamworth, Staffordshire
  • Tettenhall, Staffordshire
  • Walton-upon-Trent, Derbyshire
  • Weasenham, Norfolk
  • Wellesbourne, Warwickshire
  • Wellingham, Norfolk
  • West Rudham, Norfolk
  • Wigston Magna, Leicestershire
  • Wivenhoe, Essex
  • Coxford, Norfolk
  • Calverton, Buckinghamshire
  • Akenham, Suffolk
  • Inglesham, Wiltshire
  • Oxwich with Pattesley, Norfolk
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Guide to Principal Estate and Family Collections L-W, 1999.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F182447 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F11079 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-20th cent: Norfolk (Helhoughton, Langham, Morston, Raynham Hall in East Raynham, Stiffkey, Weasenham, West Rudham, etc) deeds, legal and trust papers, manorial records, rentals, accounts, estate, household (Raynham Hall and Stiffkey) and Townshend and Bacon family papers 12th-20th cent, Derbys (Walton-upon-Trent, etc), Essex (East Donyland, Wivenhoe, etc), Staffs (Tamworth, etc), Suffolk (Akenham, etc), Warwicks (Wellesbourne, etc) and misc Cambs (Fordham, Soham, etc) and Herts (Balls Park, etc) deeds, manorial and estate papers 13th-19th cent, Gloucs (Kempsford, etc) manorial records 14th-17th cent, Middlesex (Canonbury and Clerkenwell) manorial records and estate papers 16th-18th cent, Northants (Elkington, etc) estate papers c1680-18th cent, manorial records for Wigston Magna (Leics) and Hannington and Inglesham (Wilts) 15th cent, misc deeds and papers for Bucks (Calverton, etc)), etc, 13th-18th cent, household papers for Balls Park 18th-early 19th cent and inventories for Aldersgate (London) 1572 and Tamworth Castle 1730, Coxford Priory (Norfolk) records 12th-16th cent, Binham Priory (Norfolk) survey 14th-15th cent and papers rel to the Bradbourne, Browne of Ely, Compton (Marquesses of Northampton), Ferrers, Harrison of Balls Park, Jones of Ramsbury, Shirley and Vere (Earls of Oxford) families 14th-19th cent
Collection held privately: enquiries to The National Archives, Archives Sector Development
NRA 1224 Townshend

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107a]
2
1286-1904: Norfolk (Helhoughton, Raynham Hall in East Raynham, Stiffkey, Wellingham, West Rudham, etc) deeds, legal papers, manorial records, estate and other papers 1286-1904, incl case papers rel to the Earl of Wilmington 1729-31 and Lord Charles Townshend's marriage 1809-11, with misc Essex (Wivenhoe, etc) deeds 16th-17th cent
Norfolk Record Office
NRA 15371 Townshend

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107b]
3
15th cent-1747: Norfolk (Langham, Morston, Oxwich with Pattesley, etc) and Suffolk (Rendlesham) manorial and estate papers 15th-17th cent, incl Raynham shepherd's accounts 1569-72, with Great Yarmouth (Norfolk) election corresp 1747
Norfolk Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107c]
4
1806-1811: Norfolk (Raynham Hall in East Raynham, etc) and Tamworth (Staffs) leases, surveys, rentals, accounts and estate papers 1806-11, with Raynham and Tamworth household inventories, etc, 1811
The National Archives
NRA 44864

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107d]
5
12th cent-19th cent: Norfolk (Helhoughton, Raynham Hall in East Raynham, Stiffkey, etc) deeds, legal and trust papers, manorial records and estate papers 12th-19th cent, misc Soham (Cambs) estate papers 18th cent, Balls Park (Herts) estate map 1736, misc Raynham household papers 17th cent-1764, Stiffkey household accounts 1592-96 and Townshend and Bacon family papers 16th-19th cent, with Coxford Priory (Norfolk) register 14th cent, etc
Norfolk Record Office
NRA 27666 Bradfer-Lawrence

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107e]
6
1496-18th cent: Weasenham (Norfolk) bailiff's accounts 1496-1508, Stiffkey (Norfolk) manorial accounts 1573-74 and Townshend and Bacon family papers 15th-18th cent, incl estate accounts 16th-early 17th cent and papers of Sir Nathaniel Bacon c1580-1619
Norfolk Record Office
NRA 41876

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107f]
7
1230-19th cent: Norfolk (Helhoughton, Raynham Hall in East Raynham, West Raynham, East Rudham, Weasenham, etc) legal, manorial and estate papers 14th-19th cent, Canonbury and Clerkenwell (Middlesex) estate rental 1753, Tamworth (Staffs) manorial court roll and accounts 1353-68 and 1663, Raynham Hall building accounts 1620 and household accounts 1740-52, Townshend and Bacon family and political papers 16th-18th cent and Coxford Priory (Norfolk) charter 1230
Norfolk Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107g]
8
c1554-1711: Stiffkey (Norfolk) rental 16th-17th cent and map early 17th cent, with misc Townshend and Bacon family papers c1554-1711
Norfolk Record Office
NRA 40234 Hamond

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107h]
9
13th cent-15th cent: Coxford Priory (Norfolk) cartulary
Norfolk Record Office
NRA 9364 Norwich diocese

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107j]
10
early 15th cent: further Coxford Priory (Norfolk) cartulary
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107j]
11
c1200-19th cent: Norfolk (Stiffkey, Weasenham, etc), Cambs (Fordham, etc), Essex (Wivenhoe, etc), Herts (Bengeo, etc) and other deeds c1200-17th cent and misc Townshend, Bacon, Compton and Ferrers family papers 16th-19th cent
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107n]
12
1666-19th cent: Horsham St Faith (Norfolk) rental 1724-61, Raynham Hall in East Raynham (Norfolk) labourers' accounts 1666-67 and misc Townshend family militia papers 18th cent, with corresp and papers of the 1st Marquess Townshend (1724-1807), mainly as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1767-72
Manchester University: University of Manchester Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107q]
13
1576-1626: Norfolk (Stiffkey, etc) farm accounts of Sir Nathaniel Bacon
Museum of English Rural Life
NRA 41577 Farm records

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107t]
14
1575-1637: Raynham Hall in East Raynham (Norfolk) household account book 1626-37, with misc Bacon family papers 1575-87, incl Gorhambury (Herts) building accounts
Huntington Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107u]
15
1576-1580: Stiffkey (Norfolk) mill account book
Yale University Libraries: Beinecke Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107w]
16
1576-1626: Stiffkey (Norfolk) building accounts and other accounts and papers of Sir Nathaniel Bacon
University of Chicago Library: Special Collections Research Center
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107s]
17
1698-1766: Norfolk estate accounts
Unknown location
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107k]
18
15th cent-19th cent: misc Norfolk (East Rudham, West Rudham, etc) legal, manorial and estate papers 16th-17th cent, Akenham (Suffolk) survey 1576, Raynham Hall household inventories and accounts 1609-1755 and Townshend family papers 15th-19th cent, incl papers rel to Norfolk affairs 1582-1711 and Tamworth (Staffs) elections 1741 and 1765, papers of the 2nd Viscount and 1st Marquess, religious papers of Sir Edward Lewkenor late 16th-early 17th cent and papers of the 4th and 5th Earls of Northampton 18th cent
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107m]
19
17th cent-19th cent: Fordham and Soham (Cambs) deeds, manorial records and estate papers 17th-19th cent, with Townshend legal and marriage case corresp and papers 19th cent
Cambridge University Library: Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
NRA 32549 Dunn-Gardner
20
1468-1719: Canonbury (Middlesex) manor court rolls 1468-1500, 1559-97 and 1650-1719
Islington Local History Centre
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107p]
21
14th cent-1834: Tamworth (Staffs) legal and sales papers 1814-34, with related Tamworth deeds of the Ferrers family 14th-18th cent
Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent Archive Service: Staffordshire County Record Office
NRA 40705

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107bb]
22
1664-1807: Tamworth (Staffs) electoral and political papers
Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent Archive Service: Lichfield Record Office
NRA 42307 Tamworth MSS
23
14th cent-18th cent: Staffs (Tamworth, Tettenhall, etc) and misc Bucks (Princes Risborough, etc), Derbys (Ashbourne, Walton-upon-Trent, etc) and Warwicks deeds, legal, manorial, estate and household papers and Ferrers family papers 14th-18th cent, incl papers of the Ellerker family of Risby (Yorks) 18th cent (from the Townshend family archive at Tamworth Castle)
Folger Shakespeare Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107aa]
24
c1657-1806: misc Townshend family corresp and papers
Norfolk Record Office
NRA 41765

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107i]
25
c1590-1701: Townshend family executorship papers mainly 1590-95, with misc papers of Ralph Peirson as JP for the Isle of Ely 1693-1701
Lincolnshire Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107o]
26
c1709-1811: Townshend family papers, incl misc papers of the 2nd Viscount and Irish papers of the 1st Marquess
Yale University Libraries: Beinecke Library
NRA 20037

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107w]
27
18th cent: Townshend family diplomatic papers
Yale University Libraries: Beinecke Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107w]
28
16th cent-17th cent: Bacon and Townshend family, legal and estate corresp and papers
Folger Shakespeare Library
NRA 20984

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107r]
29
16th cent-17th cent: Bacon family papers, incl letters from Sir Thomas Gresham (d1579)
The Morgan Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107s]
30
16th cent-17th cent: further Bacon family papers
Francis Bacon Foundation Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107s]
31
1526-1623: Bacon and Ferrers family corresp
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107l]
32
early 17th cent: Townshend and Vere military and naval papers
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107l]
33
1385-1847: Ferrers and Townshend family deeds and legal papers
Shakespeare Birthplace Trust
NRA 16993 Ferrers
34
c1558-1773: further Ferrers family, legal and estate accounts and papers (from the Townshend family archive at Tamworth)
Folger Shakespeare Library
NRA 24945 Folger Library

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107aa]
35
1660-1676: Norfolk lieutenancy book of the 1st Viscount Townshend (1630-1687)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107l]
36
1709-1710: diplomatic papers of the 2nd Viscount (1674-1738)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107l]
37
1709-1766: diplomatic and other corresp and papers of the 2nd Viscount 1709-29, with letters from Charles Townshend to the 1st Marquess 1754-66
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107v]
38
1709-1712: corresp and letter book of 2nd Viscount (1674-1738) as ambassador to Holland
Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies
NRA 3507 Herts RO misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107x]
39
18th cent: further papers of the 2nd Viscount (1674-1738)
National Library of Australia
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107x]
40
1717-1724: letters received by the 2nd Viscount from William King
Trinity College Dublin
NRA 20078

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107x]
41
1767-1807: corresp and letter books of 1st Marquess Townshend (1724-1807), mainly as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
University of Michigan: William L Clements Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107y]
42
1795-1797: letter books of the 1st Marquess as governor of Jersey
Jersey Archive
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107y]
43
1765-1772: account book of the 1st Marquess
Lewis Walpole Library
NRA 22338 Walpole Library

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107y]
44
1767-1772: Irish corresp of the 1st Marquess
National Archives of Ireland
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107y]
45
1767-1772: Irish ecclesiastical patronage corresp of the 1st Marquess
Representative Church Body Library
NRA 28346 Townshend

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107yy]
46
1769-1771: Irish corresp of the 1st Marquess
National Library of Ireland
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107yy]
47
1742-1795: military and political corresp and papers of the 1st Marquess
National Army Museum Templer Study Centre
NRA 20834 Townshend

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107y]
48
1760: letters received by the 1st Marquess from William Windham
National Army Museum Templer Study Centre
NRA 18641 Nat Army Mus misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107y]
49
1761-1771: misc letters received by the 1st Marquess from Edward Cornwallis
National Army Museum Templer Study Centre
See Accessions to Repositories 1991
50
1759-1770: corresp of the 1st Marquess
Library and Archives Canada
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107y]
51
1758-1790: misc corresp of the 1st Marquess
Flinders University Library
See HMC Principal family and estate papers L-W, 1999 [107y]
52
1790-1797: corresp of the 1st Marquess rel to the Queen's Dragoon Guards
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107y]
53
1794-1800: further corresp of the 1st Marquess rel to the Queen's Dragoon Guards
Royal Hampshire Regiment Museum
NRA 20951 Regimental museums

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107y]
54
1749-1801: corresp of the 1st Marquess
Duke University: William R Perkins Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107y]
55
1767-1793: further corresp of the 1st Marquess
Boston Public Library
NRA 22724 Townshend

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107y]
56
1574-1622: papers of Sir Nathaniel Bacon
Folger Shakespeare Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107r]
57
1731-1744: papers of Spencer Compton (1673-1743), Earl of Wilmington
Library of Congress, Manuscript Division
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107z]
58
1712-1743: misc legal and official papers of the Earl of Wilmington
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107z]
59
1732-91: papers rel to North America collected by the 7th Marquess Townshend
Parliamentary Archives
60
c1585-1618: Norfolk shrievalty roll 1585-86, inventories of Lady Berkeley 1605-18, etc (from the Townshend family papers)
Folger Shakespeare Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107r]
61
1698-1766: Norfolk (Raynham) household account book and steward's estate accounts
Norfolk Record Office

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