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Herbert, family, Earls of Powis

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The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1200-2000
History:

Edward Herbert (1583-1648), of Chirbury (Shropshire) and Montgomery Castle (Montgomeryshire), was a great-grandson of Sir Richard Herbert of Montgomery, a Gentleman Usher to King Henry VIII, and a great-great-grandson of Sir Richard Herbert, brother of the 1st Earl of Pembroke (so created 1468) (see Herbert, Earls of Pembroke). Edward Herbert married in 1589 Mary, daughter and heir of Sir William Herbert of St. Julians (Monmouthshire), who brought estates in Monmouthshire, Caernarvonshire, Anglesey and Co. Kerry. He was created Baron Herbert of Chirbury in 1629.

Florentia, sister and co-heir of the 4th Baron (d. 1691), married her kinsman Richard Herbert, a younger son of Matthew Herbert of Dolegeiog (Monmouthshire) by Anne, daughter of Charles Foxe of Bromfield (Shropshire). Their son Francis Herbert (d. 1719) married Dorothy, daughter and co-heir of John Oldbury (d. 1702), a London merchant. Henry Arthur Herbert (c.1703-72), of Oakly Park (near Bromfield), son of Francis and Dorothy, succeeded in 1748 to the estates of his distant kinsman the Marquess of Powis. He ws later created Baron Herbert of Chirbury in 1743 and Earl of Powis in 1748.

The Herberts of Powis Castle, like the Herberts of Chirbury, owned estates in both Montgomeryshire and Shropshire. Sir Edward Herbert, second son of the 1st Earl of Pembroke of the 1551 creation, purchased Red Castle, later Powis Castle, near Welshpool (Montgomeryshire) in 1587. His son was created Baron Powis in 1629 and his great-grandson Earl (1674) and Marquess (1687) of Powis. The family also owned property in Shropshire (Oswestry etc., formerly a property of the Earl of Craven), Middlesex (Hendon, originally granted to the 1st Earl of Pembroke) and Northamptonshire (Heyford etc., inherited from the Parr family). The 1st Earl of Powis of the 1748 creation sold the Middlesex and Northamptonshire properties in the 1750s, and other outlying properties were disposed of in the 1820s, leaving the Powis estates concentrated in Montgomeryshire and Shropshire.

On the death of the 2nd Earl without issue in 1801 his estates were inherited by his nephew, the son of his sister Henrietta, who in 1784 had married the 2nd Baron Clive. The 1st Baron Clive, a descendant of the Clive family of Styche (Shropshire), had made extensive purchases in Shropshire and elsewhere, including Montford, near Shrewsbury, in 1761, Walcot, near Bishops Castle, in 1763, and Oakly, from the Earl of Powis, in 1771. The 2nd Baron Clive was created Earl of Powis in 1804, and the Clive estates were soon afterwards divided: the Montford, Walcot and other estates in Shropshire remained with the Earls of Powis, but the Oakly estate was passed to a younger son, Robert Henry Clive, who in 1819 married Harriet, Baroness Windsor, sister and co-heir of the 6th Earl of Plymouth.

Estates in 1883: 33,545 acres in Montgomeryshire; 19 acres in Radnorshire; 9 acres in Denbighshire; 26,986 acres in Shropshire; worth a total of £57,024 a year.

Places:
  • Anglesey
  • Beguildy, Radnorshire
  • Berriew, Montgomeryshire
  • Bishop's Castle, Shropshire
  • Bromfield, Shropshire
  • Castle Island, County Kerry
  • Chirbury, Shropshire
  • Claremont, Surrey
  • Clun, Shropshire
  • Crayford, Kent
  • Esgair Mwyn, Cardiganshire
  • Guilsfield, Montgomeryshire
  • Hendon, Middlesex
  • Heyford, Northamptonshire
  • Llanfyllin, Montgomeryshire
  • Ludlow, Shropshire
  • Lydbury North, Shropshire
  • Montford, Shropshire
  • Montgomeryshire, Montgomeryshire
  • Newtown, Montgomeryshire
  • Okehampton, Devon
  • Oswestry, Shropshire
  • Powis Castle, Montgomeryshire
  • Presteigne, Radnorshire
  • Ribbesford, Worcestershire
  • St Julians, Monmouthshire
  • Styche Hall, Shropshire
  • Trelleck, Monmouthshire
  • Usk, Monmouthshire
  • Westminster, Middlesex
  • Llanengan, Caernarfonshire
  • Eglwys Newydd, Cardiganshire
  • Cydewain, Montgomeryshire
  • Lymore, Montgomeryshire
  • Mathraval, Montgomeryshire
  • Cefnllys, Radnorshire
  • Caus, Shropshire
  • Oakly Park, Shropshire
  • Walcot Park, Shropshire
  • Nash, Monmouthshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996, p. 83.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F178171 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10974 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
13th cent-20th cent: Montgomeryshire (Llanfyllin, Mathraval, Montgomery, Newtown, Powis Castle, etc) and Salop (Bishop's Castle, Chirbury, Clun, Oakly Park in Bromfield, Oswestry, etc) deeds, legal and trust papers, manorial records, rentals, accounts, estate, mineral and Herbert and Clive family papers 13th-20th cent, deeds and estate papers for Anglesey, Caernarfonshire (Llanengan, etc), Cardiganshire (Eglwys Newydd, Esgair Mwyn, etc), Monmouthshire (St Julians, etc), Radnorshire (Cefnllys, etc), Ireland (Castle Island, Co Kerry, etc) and elsewhere 16th-19th cent, estate papers for Kent (Crayford, etc) 1665-94, Middlesex (Hendon, etc) and Northants (Heyford, etc) 17th-18th cent and Worcs (Ribbesford, etc) c1690-1760 and household papers (Powis Castle, Powis House in Westminster, Lymore in Montgomeryshire, Castle Island, etc) 17th-19th cent, with papers rel to the Foxe, Lloyd of Trefnant, Oldbury and Ormsby-Gore families 16th-9th cent, Bromfield Priory (Salop) accounts early 15th cent, Caus (Salop) ministers' accounts 1460-93, etc
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
NRA 20151 Herbert

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51a]
2
14th cent-19th cent: Montgomeryshire (Berriew, Guilsfield, etc), Radnorshire (Presteigne, etc) and Salop (Chirbury, Oswestry, etc) manorial records
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
NRA 20203 Powis Manorial

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51a]
3
1579-18th cent: Montgomeryshire (Berriew, Guilsfield, etc) manorial rentals, accounts and papers
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
NRA 30537 JB Willans

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51a]
4
1753-1804: misc Montgomeryshire (Berriew, Cydewain, etc) rentals
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
NRA 39382 Powysland Club
5
16th cent-18th cent: misc Anglesey, Monmouthshire (St Julians, etc), Montgomeryshire (Montgomery, etc) and Irish (Castle Island, Co Kerry, etc) deeds and papers
Huntington Library
NRA 24601 Egerton (Bridgwater)

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [33a]
6
14th cent-20th cent: Salop (Bishop's Castle, Clun, Oakly Park in Bromfield, Oswestry, etc) deeds, manorial records, legal and trust papers, rentals, accounts, estate and Herbert and Clive family papers and misc deeds and papers for Monmouthshire (Trelleck and Usk), Montgomeryshire (Lymore, etc) and Radnorshire (Beguildy, etc) 14th-20th cent, with household papers for Salop (Styche Hall, Walcot Park, Ludlow Castle, etc) and Middlesex (Berkeley Square and Hayes Mews) and papers rel to Markham family property in Kent 18th-19th cent, etc
Shropshire Archives
NRA 17099 Herbert

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51d]
7
16th cent-19th cent: misc Salop (Oswestry, etc) manorial and estate papers
Shropshire Archives
NRA 11563 Shropshire

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51d]
8
1890-1917: Walcot Park (Salop) estate diary 1890-92 and cash books 1911-17
Shropshire Archives
NRA 11563 Shropshire

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51d]
9
1517-1518: Clun (Salop) minister's accounts
Shropshire Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51e]
10
17th cent-20th cent: Salop (Clun, Oswestry, Walcot Park, etc) and Montgomeryshire (Powis Castle, etc) deeds, legal and estate papers
Shropshire Archives
NRA 11563 Shropshire

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51f]
11
1731-1909: Salop (Clun, etc) and Montgomeryshire (Powis Castle, etc) deeds and papers
Shropshire Archives
NRA 11563 Shropshire

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51f]
12
early 19th cent: Salop (Oswestry, etc) abstracts of title, legal and case papers
Shropshire Archives
NRA 11563 Shropshire

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51g]
13
Oakly Park in Bromfield (Salop) deeds and papers
Shropshire Archives
See Guide to the Shropshire Records 1952 pp109-110
14
18th cent-19th cent: Salop (Montford, etc) deeds and papers
Shropshire Archives
NRA 11563 Shropshire
15
1807: Oakly Park in Bromfield (Salop) estate rental
Shropshire Archives
NRA 11563 Shropshire
16
18th cent: Salop (Montford, Oakly Park in Bromfield, Walcot Park, etc) rentals, accounts and estate papers 18th cent, household papers for Salop (Oakly Park in Bromfield and Walcot Park) and Claremont (Surrey) c1770-1777, Shrewsbury election papers 1734-75 and papers of John Ashby as agent of the Clive family 18th cent
The National Archives
NRA 34890

See HMC Principal family and estate papers A-K, 1996 [51j]
17
1583-1633: Herbert family of St Julians rental 1583 and survey and rental 1633
Society of Antiquaries of London
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51b]
18
1686-1700: Herbert family household accounts, mainly of the 1st Marquess of Powis (d1696)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51c]
19
16th cent-18th cent: Herbert family papers, incl diplomatic and other papers of the 1st Baron Herbert of Chirbury (1583-1648)
The National Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51k]
20
17th cent-18th cent: Herbert family corresp, accounts and papers, incl papers of the 1st Baron Herbert of Chirbury and his brother Sir Henry Herbert (1593-1673)
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
See HMC Principal family and estate papers A-K, 1996 [51l]
21
1748-1851: Clive family corresp and papers 1748-1851, mainly of the 1st Baron Clive (1725-1774) and the 2nd Baron Clive (1754-1839) (Earl of Powis from 1804), with an undated Walcot Park (Salop) plan
British Library: Asian and African Studies
NRA 29349

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51n]
22
18th cent-19th cent: Clive family papers 18th-19th cent, mainly Indian and other papers of Lord Clive (d1774) and papers of the 1st Earl of Powis (d1839), with accounts and papers rel to Oakly Park in Bromfield (Salop), Claremont (Surrey) and Wedderburn family property at Okehampton (Devon) c1760-90
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
NRA 23682 Clive
23
c1848-1872: South Salopian Yeomanry Cavalry corresp of the 3rd Earl of Powis (1818-1891)
Shropshire Archives
NRA 33287 Herbert

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51h]
24
19th cent: North Wales College movement corresp of the 3rd Earl of Powis
Bangor University, Archives and Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda]
25
1896-1951: Salop lieutenancy papers of the 4th Earl of Powis (1862-1952)
Shropshire Archives
NRA 11563 Shropshire

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51i]
26
1792-1823: corresp and papers of Henrietta Clive (1758-1830), Countess of Powis
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51o]
27
1619-1623: Lord Herbert of Chirbury's letter book as ambassador to France, with his Tractatus De Veritate
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [51m]
28
17th cent: papers of Sir Henry Herbert (1593-1673) as Master of the Revels
British Library, Manuscript Collections
29
17th cent: further papers of Sir Henry Herbert
British Library, Manuscript Collections

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