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Kerr, family, Marquesses of Lothian

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1100-2008
History:

Mark Kerr, last Abbot of Newbattle (Midlothian) acquired the monastic lands of Newbattle and Prestongrange (East Lothian). These passed to his son Mark (d. 1609), created Earl of Lothian in 1606. Prestongrange was sold in 1622 but Newbattle was inherited by Anne, daughter of the 2nd Earl of Lothian (d. 1624), who in 1630 married William Kerr (d. 1675), son of Robert, 1st Earl of Ancrum (d. 1654) by his first wife. William Kerr, who was raised to the earldom of Lothian in 1633, bought the barony of Jedburgh (Roxburghshire) from the 1st Earl of Haddington in 1637. His son William (d. 1703), created Marquess of Lothian in 1701, inherited Ancrum and Woodhead (Roxburghshire) on the death of his uncle, the 2nd Earl of Ancram (d. 1690), son of the 1st Earl by his second wife. The 2nd Marquess succeeded his cousin Robert Kerr, 2nd Lord Jedburgh (d. 1692) in his Roxburghshire estates (Oxnam, Crailing etc.). Papers of the Barons Somerville may have been transferred to Newbattle from the family's nearby seat at Drum (Midlothian) on its sale by the 14th Baron Somerville (1765-1819).

Blickling Hall (Norfolk) was purchased by Sir Henry Hobart (d. 1625) from Sir Edward Clere. The Norfolk estate was augmented by the marriage in 1717 of John Hobart (created Earl of Buckinghamshire in 1746) to the daughter and co-heir of Robert Britiffe of Baconsthorpe, which brought him Briningham, Hunworth and Stody (purchased by the Britiffes from Sir Edmund Bacon, 2nd baronet, in the 17th century). On the death of the 2nd Earl of Buckinghamshire in 1793 the earldom passed to his half-brother but the Norfolk estates descended to his daughter and co-heir Caroline, wife of the 2nd Baron Suffield. At her death in 1850 the devolved upon the 8th Marquess of Lothian, grandson of her sister Henrietta (d. 1805). Land in Gedney, Holbeach and Whaplode (Lincolnshire), acquired by the Hobart family about 1721, passed first to the 2nd Earl's fourth daughter Emily, wife of the 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (who is thought to have had only a life interest), and when she died in 1829, to the 7th Marquess of Lothian, to whom she also bequeathed the Stewart estate of Bellaghy (Co. Londonderry). These Lincolnshire and Irish properties, however, were sold by 1859.

Gunnersbury (Middlesex) and Bere Ferrers (Devon) were properties of Sir John Maynard (1602-90), whose daughter and co-heir Elizabeth married Sir Henry Hobart, 4th baronet. They apparently passed to Hobart's son, the future 1st Earl of Buckinghamshire, on the death in 1721 of Maynard's widow, Mary, Countess of Suffolk. Both estates were later sold, Gunnersbury in 1739. Marble Hill (Middlesex) belonged to the 1st Earl's sister, Henrietta, Countess of Suffolk (d. 1767).

(For records of the Melbourne (Derbyshire) and other estates of the Lamb family, inherited in the 20th century by the Kerr family, see Cowper, Earls Cowper).

Estates in 1883: 19,740 acres in Roxburghshire; 4,548 acres in Midlothian; 8,073 acres in Norfolk; worth a total of £45,203 a year, exclusive of £6,296 a year for mines.

Places:
  • Aldborough, Norfolk
  • Ancrum, Roxburghshire
  • Beauvale, Nottinghamshire
  • Bellaghy, County Londonderry
  • Bere Ferrers, Devon
  • Blickling, Norfolk
  • Bolsterstone, Yorkshire
  • Boothby Graffoe, Lincolnshire
  • Briningham, Norfolk
  • Brocket Hall, Hertfordshire
  • Castle Donington, Leicestershire
  • Crailing, Roxburghshire
  • Cranford, Middlesex
  • Crawford, Lanarkshire
  • Duston, Northamptonshire
  • Easthouses, Midlothian
  • Edinburgh, Midlothian
  • Gedney, Lincolnshire
  • Glengonner, Lanarkshire
  • Greasley, Nottinghamshire
  • Gunnersbury, Middlesex
  • Hernhill, Kent
  • Holbeach, Lincolnshire
  • Hopton, Staffordshire
  • Horsham St Faith, Norfolk
  • Hunworth, Norfolk
  • Ingestre, Staffordshire
  • Innerleithen, Peeblesshire
  • Jedburgh, Roxburghshire
  • Langsett, Yorkshire
  • Lemsford, Hertfordshire
  • London
  • Marble Hill, Middlesex
  • Marshgate House, Surrey
  • Matlask, Norfolk
  • Melbourne, Derbyshire
  • Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire
  • Mendlesham, Suffolk
  • Monteviot, Roxburghshire
  • Moulton, Lincolnshire
  • Mybster, Caithness-shire
  • Newbattle, Midlothian
  • Over Haddon, Derbyshire
  • Oxnam, Roxburghshire
  • Pitfirrane, Fife
  • Saxthorpe, Norfolk
  • Selston, Nottinghamshire
  • Stanwell, Middlesex
  • Stody, Norfolk
  • Sysonby, Leicestershire
  • Twickenham, Middlesex
  • Whaplode, Lincolnshire
  • Wilsford, Lincolnshire
  • Wymondham, Norfolk
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collection A-K, 1996, p. 95.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F89662 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10771 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-20th cent: Midlothian (Newbattle, etc) and Roxburghshire (Ancrum, Monteviot, etc) writs, legal papers, rentals, accounts, vouchers, estate, mining, household and Kerr family papers 12th-20th cent, with misc Fife (Pitfirrane, etc) writs and estate papers 17th-19th cent, Lanarkshire (Glengonner, etc) writs and papers 15th-17th cent, Mybster (Caithness-shire) rent leger 1838-47, Innerleithen (Peeblesshire) estate accounts 1566-67, estate papers for Lincs (Gedney, etc) 1807-56, Norfolk (Blickling, etc) c1858-67, Staffs (Ingestre, etc) 1834 and Bellaghy (Co Londonderry) 1811-42, papers rel to Marshgate House (Surrey) mid 18th cent and papers of the Somerville family, Barons Somerville 1447-1755, etc
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 10737 Kerr

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58a]
2
1901-1930: Midlothian (Newbattle, etc) and Roxburghshire (Ancrum, Monteviot, etc) rentals and accounts and Kerr family curatory accounts
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58b]
3
1782-1793: Midlothian (Newbattle, etc) and Roxburghshire (Ancrum, etc) estate accounts
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 32483 Tods

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58c]
4
1814-1824: misc Newbattle (Midlothian) chamberlainship papers
Midlothian Council Archives
NRA 26051 Midlothian CA

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58i]
5
15th cent-20th cent: Midlothian (Newbattle, etc) and Roxburghshire (Monteviot, etc) factory accounts 1883-89, Newbattle coal mining accounts 1703-52 and Kerr family papers 15th-20th cent, incl misc household papers for Newbattle, Monteviot and London c1666-1899
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58e]
6
c1773-1785: Roxburghshire (Monteviot, etc) tacks
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
NRA 29083

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58f]
7
1868: Roxburghshire election corresp
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58d]
8
12th cent-20th cent: Derbys (Melbourne, Over Haddon, etc) and Leics (Castle Donington, Melton Mowbray, Sysonby, etc) deeds, manorial records, rentals, accounts, estate and Coke, Lamb and Kerr family papers 12th-20th cent, with deeds and papers for Herts (Brocket Hall in Lemsford), London, Lincs (Boothby Graffoe) and Yorks (Bolsterstone and Langsett) 16th-19th cent, Co Wicklow estate papers c1666-74, Wilsford (Lincs) architectural plans 1749-51, household papers for Cranford (Middlesex) c1700 and Monteviot (Roxburghshire) 20th cent and papers of the Fanshawe and Leventhorpe families, etc
Collection held privately: enquiries to The National Archives, Archives Sector Development
NRA 30228 Kerr

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [25d]
9
1909-1911: Derbys (Melbourne, etc) estate letter book
Nottinghamshire Archives
See Annual Return 2008
10
18th cent-20th cent: Herts (Brocket Hall in Lemsford) estate and Lamb family papers
Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies
NRA 26283 Cowper

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [25a]
11
1747-1835: Herts (Brocket Hall in Lemsford) rental and accounts
Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies
NRA 3507 Herts RO misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [25b]
12
1580-1733: Herts (Brocket Hall in Lemsford, Hatfield, etc) surveys and rentals
British Library, Manuscript Collections
13
12th cent-20th cent: Norfolk (Blickling, Hunworth, Stody, etc) and misc Suffolk (Mendlesham, etc) deeds, manorial records, rentals, accounts, estate corresp and papers and Hobart and Kerr family papers 12th-20th cent, with Bere Ferrers (Devon) estate papers 1721-69, misc Kent (Hernhill) deeds and papers 16th-17th cent, Lincs (Moulton, etc) deeds and estate papers 14th-19th cent, London and Middlesex (Gunnersbury, Marble Hill in Twickenham, etc) deeds, estate and household papers 16th-18th cent and Harbord family papers mainly 18th-19th cent
Norfolk Record Office
NRA 4641 Kerr

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58l]
14
14th cent-19th cent: misc Norfolk (Briningham, Hunworth, Saxthorpe, Stody, etc) deeds, legal, manorial, estate, household and Hobart, Harbord and Kerr family papers 14th-19th cent, with Bere Ferrers (Devon) estate corresp 1731-32, misc London deeds and papers 17th-18th cent, Marble Hill in Twickenham plans 18th cent, account of household goods removed from Stanwell (Middlesex) 1624-25, Midlothian (Newbattle, etc) estate report 1836 and Roxburghshire (Monteviot, etc) rental 1826
Norfolk Record Office
NRA 4641 Kerr

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58l]
15
16th cent-18th cent: misc Norfolk (Blickling, Horsham St Faith, Wymondham, etc) deeds, legal, manorial and estate papers 16th-17th cent and misc Hobart family papers 18th cent
Norfolk Record Office
NRA 32977

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58m]
16
19th cent: misc Norfolk (Blickling, etc) estate papers
Norfolk Record Office
NRA 27820

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58n]
17
1621: Blickling Hall (Norfolk) plasterers' accounts
Norfolk Record Office
See Annual Return 2006
18
16th cent-19th cent: Blickling (Norfolk) estate and architectural plans 18th-18th cent and Kerr family papers 16th-19th cent, mainly diaries of the 8th Marquess of Lothian c1849-57
Blickling Hall
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58o]
19
18th cent-19th cent: Norfolk (Blickling, etc) manorial and estate papers
Norfolk Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda]
20
14th cent-17th cent: Norfolk (Aldborough, Matlask, etc) deeds, manorial records and estate papers 14th-17th cent and Mendlesham (Suffolk) bailiff's account 1437-38
Norfolk Record Office
NRA 5403

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda]
21
15th cent-20th cent: Northants (Duston, etc) deeds and estate papers (from the Kerr family archive at Melbourne)
Northamptonshire Record Office
NRA 30228 Kerr

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [25e]
22
late 19th cent: misc Duston (Northants) estate agency papers of William Garratt
Northamptonshire Record Office
NRA 15564 Garratt
23
14th cent-20th cent: Notts (Beauvale, Greasley, Selston, etc) deeds and estate papers (from the Kerr family archive at Melbourne)
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 30228 Kerr

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [25f]
24
c1643-1821: misc Kerr family papers c1643-1821 and accounts of the 3rd Marquess of Lothian 1733-43
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58g]
25
16th cent-18th cent: Coke family papers 16th-18th cent (from the Kerr family archive at Melbourne), incl Cranford (Middlesex) garden papers c1720-23 and Fanshawe family trust papers 1700-17
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [25i]
26
18th cent-19th cent: Lamb family papers (from the Kerr family archive at Melbourne)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda]
27
1808-1810: letters of the 5th Marquess of Lothian to his factor Francis Brodie
Edinburgh University Library, Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58h]
28
1779-1800: misc vouchers of the 5th Marquess of Lothian (1737-1815)
University of Birmingham: Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58j]
29
1817-1820: diary of the 6th Marquess of Lothian (1763-1824)
Edinburgh Central Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58k]
30
c1862-1906: personal and estate papers of the 8th Marchioness of Lothian (1836-1901)
Norfolk Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda]
31
18th cent: corresp and papers of John Hobart, 2nd Earl of Buckinghamshire (1723-1793), and of Henrietta, Countess of Suffolk (d 1767)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [58p]
32
1630: rental of the estates of Andrew Kerr, 1st Baron Jedburgh
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 29864 Hay

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [47a]
33
2007-2008: oral history of Blickling Hall rel to service at the house from 1930s onwards
Norfolk Record Office

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