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Lindsay, family, Earls of Crawford and Balcarres

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1200-2000
History:

The statesman John Lindsay, Lord Menmuir (d. 1598), second son of the 9th Earl of Crawford, bought Balcarres and Pitcorthie (Fife) in 1587. His son was created Baron Lindsay in 1633 and his grandson Earl of Balcarres in 1651. In 1808 a claim to the earldom but not the property of the 22nd Earl of Crawford was inherited by the 6th Earl of Balcarres (1752-1825) and in 1848 this earldom was confirmed to his son the 7th and 24th Earl. The Fife estate was sold in 1791 by the 6th Earl to his brother Robert Lindsay (d. 1836), who also bought property at Leuchars (Fife). The 6th Earl settled at Haigh (Lancashire), a coal-rich estate near Wigan, acquired through his marriage to the daughter and heir of Charles Dalrymple. Dalrymple had inherited it from his maternal grandmother Elizabeth Edwin, daughter of Sir Roger Bradshaigh, third Bt (d. 1746), whose family, created baronets in 1679, had been settled there since the 14th century.

The 7th and 24th Earl (d. 1869), created Baron Haigh of Haigh Hall in 1826, married the daughter of the first Baron Muncaster, bought Dunecht (Aberdeenshire) in 1845 and also acquired an estate at Llanarthney, Llanon and elsewhere in Carmarthenshire, mainly disposed of during the 1890s. The 6th Earl’s Jamaican estate was sold in 1847. The 9th and 26th Earl (d. 1913) repurchased Balcarres (from Sir Coutts Lindsay, 2nd Bt) in 1886 and sold Dunecht in 1899. Property at Warboys (Huntingdonshire) came through the 10th and 27th Earl’s marriage to a daughter and co-heir of Sir Henry Pelly, 3rd Bt, but was soon sold. The Lancashire estate was given up in 1947.

The earlier earls of Crawford and their estates are represented in the Lindsay family muniments. David Lindsay, created Earl of Crawford in 1398, inherited property in Forfarshire (Glenesk, etc) and Lanarkshire (the lordships of Crawford and Lindsay) and by the mid-15th century his descendants had extended the Forfarshire property and settled at Finhaven. Auchtermonzie (Fife) entered the family through the marriage of the 4th Earl (d. 1453) to the daughter and heir of Sir David Dunbar. Some property of the 8th Earl was forfeited to the Crown and on his death in 1542 the earldom and remaining estates passed to his cousin David Lindsay of Edzell (Forfarshire). When Edzell died in 1558 the Crawford title and estates descended to the 8th Earl’s grandson while the Edzell estates were inherited by Edzell’s son Sir David Lindsay (d. 1610), brother of Lord Menmuir (see above). (About this time Glenesk seems to have entered the possession of the Edzell line, being afterwards sold with the other remaining family property by David Lindsay to Lord Panmure in 1703.) The 14th Earl of Crawford sold Finhaven to the second Baron Spynie in 1630 and the royalist 16th Earl forfeited what remained of his family’s property in 1644, having agreed in 1642 to settle his earldom upon the Earl of Lindsay.

John Lindsay, 10th Baron Lindsay of The Byres, was created Earl of Lindsay in 1633. His ancestor, created Baron Lindsay in 1445, had inherited the barony of Byres (East Lothian) and the Ochterotherstruther or Struthers (Fife) estate but in 1608 Byres was sold by the 8th Baron to the 1st Earl of Haddington. John Lindsay, 4th Earl of Lindsay and 20th Earl of Crawford (d. 1749), was succeeded in his titles and estates by his cousin the 4th Viscount Garnock (d. 1781), who had inherited Kilbirnie (Ayshire) from his grandfather the 1st Viscount (so created 1703), to whom it had come from his mother, a daughter and co-heir of Sir John Crawford of Kilbirnie. The 4th Viscount built Crawford Priory on the Struthers estate and was succeeded by his son George Lindsay-Crawford, 22nd Earl of Crawford. On Lord Crawford’s death in 1808, he was succeeded in the Crawford Priory and Kilbirnie estates by his sister Lady Mary Lindsay-Crawford (d. 1832), upon whose decease they passed to the Earl of Glasgow (see Boyle, Earls of Glasgow). The title to the earldom of Crawford (though not the other honours) devolved, however, upon the sixth Earl of Balcarres (see above).

The Bibliotheca Lindesiana at Haigh Hall was created by the 8th and 25th Earl, the earlier collection of books and papers at Balcarres having largely been dispersed when the seat was given up. This Earl appears also to have inherited the contents of Crawford Priory, including some muniments, and to have collected writs and papers in connection with the Crawford and Montrose peerage cases.

Estates in 1883: Earl of Crawford: Lancs 1,931 acres, Westmorland 24 acres, Carmarthenshire 1,670 acres, Aberdeenshire 9,855 acres, total 13,480 acres worth £39,252 a year (of which the Lancashire estate contributed £31,763 a year); Sir Coutts Lindsay: Fife 4,672 acres worth £9,619 a year.

Places:
  • Aberlash, Carmarthenshire
  • Aspull, Lancashire
  • Auchtermonzie, Fife
  • Balcarres, Fife
  • Blackrod, Lancashire
  • Crawford, Lanarkshire
  • Crawford Priory, Fife
  • Dunecht, Aberdeenshire
  • Edinburgh, Midlothian
  • Edzell, Angus
  • Finhaven, Angus
  • Florence, Italy
  • Glenesk, Angus
  • Glengarnock, Ayrshire
  • Haigh, Lancashire
  • Kilbirnie, Ayrshire
  • Leuchars, Fife
  • Llanarthne, Carmarthenshire
  • Llanon, Carmarthenshire
  • London
  • Pinkie, Midlothian
  • Stirling, Stirlingshire
  • Struthers, Fife
  • Warboys, Huntingdonshire
  • Warter, Yorkshire
  • Wigan, Lancashire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections L-Z 1999
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F89176 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10850 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
14th cent-20th cent: Angus (Edzell, Glenesk, etc), Fife (Balcarres, Leuchars, etc) and Lancs (Haigh, etc) charters, writs, deeds, legal, financial, estate, household and Lindsay family papers 14th-20th cent, earldom of Crawford muniments 14th-17th cent, Hunts (Warboys, etc) and Carmarthenshire (Llanon, etc) deeds and papers 18th-20th cent and estate papers for Dunecht (Aberdeenshire) 1845-99 and Jamaica c1795-1847, with household papers for Edinburgh 1783-1819, London 18th-20th cent and Florence 1879-81, household inventories for Pinkie (Midlothian) 1625 and Stirling (9th Earl of Argyll) 1682 and papers rel to the Bibliotheca Lindesiana 1831-20th cent and the Bradshaigh, Edwin and Pennington families 16th-19th cent
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
NRA 11004 Lindsay

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61a]
2
13th cent-18th cent: misc Angus (Edzell, Glenesk, etc) writs and papers
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 17164

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [87a]
3
13th cent-19th cent: Ayrshire (Kilbirnie, etc) and Fife (Crawford Priory, etc) writs, legal and estate papers
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 29330 Boyle

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [9b]
4
1757-1782: Ayrshire (Glengarnock and Kilbirnie) rental
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61g]
5
1796-20th cent: Lancs (Haigh, etc) rentals, accounts, estate corresp and papers, household papers and Lindsay family papers 1796-20th cent, incl accounts of the 27th Earl 1919-34, with schedule of Warter Hall (Yorks) deeds c1800, abstracts of Carmarthenshire titles 1833-1925 and Llanon (Carmarthenshire) valuation 1911
Wigan Archives and Local Studies
NRA 41241 Lindsay

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61h]
6
19th cent-20th cent: Lancs (Haigh, etc) mining, iron working and business papers c1816-1947, misc Carmarthenshire (Aberlash, etc) estate papers 19th-20th cent and Dunecht (Aberdeenshire) estate accounts 1880 and report 1853
Wigan Archives and Local Studies
NRA 41242 Lindsay

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61i]
7
1869-1875: Lancs (Haigh, etc) legal, financial and business papers 1869-75, with Haigh estate rental 1870
Wigan Archives and Local Studies
NRA 19719 Ellis

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61j]
8
1635-1912: Haigh (Lancs) colliery orders 1635-98 and library bills and catalogues 1909-12, with misc collected papers 1792-1815
Wigan Archives and Local Studies
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61k]
9
1880-1884: Haigh (Lancs) estate foreman's diaries
Wigan Archives and Local Studies
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61m]
10
1870: Lancs (Haigh, etc) estate rental
Lancashire Archives
NRA 3510 Lancs RO misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61n]
11
c1840-1860: Lancs (Haigh, etc) coalmining leases and papers
University of Birmingham: Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections
NRA 31928

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61o]
12
1905: Haigh (Lancs) estate photographs and Lindsay family portraits
Historic England Archive
NRA 43282 NMRC
13
1790-1797: Lindsay family sederunt book
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
NRA 29083

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61b]
14
1586-1830: Lindsay family titles and printed petitions
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61c]
15
16th cent-17th cent: Lindsay family papers, mainly papers of Lord Menmuir (d 1598) and the 1st Earl of Balcarres (d 1659) but incl corresp and papers rel to Queen Mary of Guise (d 1560)
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61d]
16
16th cent-19th cent: Lindsay family papers 16th-19th cent, mainly Crawford peerage case papers and papers of the peerage lawyer John Riddell (d 1862) but incl other MSS from 16th cent
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61e]
17
1874-1922: Lindsay family illuminated addresses
Wigan Archives and Local Studies
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61l]
18
Riddell family papers, incl Crawford and Montrose peerage case papers
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61e]
19
19th cent: papers of John Riddell (d 1862) and James Maidment (d 1879) acquired by the Lindsay family
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61f]
20
1798-1801: papers of the 6th Earl of Balcarres as governor of Jamaica (1752-1825)
National Army Museum Templer Study Centre
NRA 20793 Nugent

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61p]
21
collected MSS from the Bibliotheca Lindesiana accummulated by the 25th Earl
Manchester University: University of Manchester Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61q]
22
French historical MSS from the Bibliotheca Lindesiana
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61q]
23
late 18th cent: misc literary papers of Brigadier-General Colin Lindsay (1755-1795)
Manchester University: University of Manchester Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61r]
24
1814: diary of Lady Charlotte Lindsay (d 1849)
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61s]
25
1815-1918: travel diary of Lady Charlotte Lindsay incl typed transcript
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
26
1819-1820: diary of Lady Charlotte Lindsay (d.1849)
Wellcome Library
27
c1808-1849: papers of Lady Charlotte Lindsay
British Library, Manuscript Collections
28
c1871-1896: Dunecht Observatory papers of the 26th Earl
Royal Observatory, Edinburgh
NRA 9504 Royal Observatory

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61t]
29
1906: papers of the 27th Earl rel to the Education Bill
University of Liverpool: Special Collections and Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61u]
30
19th cent-20th cent: journals and papers of the 27th Earl (1871-1940)
Collection held privately: enquiries to The National Archives, Archives Sector Development
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61a]
31
17th cent: corresp and papers of the 18th Earl (d 1698)
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
NRA 12630 Hope-Johnstone

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [54a]
32
mid 18th cent: letter book 1746 and misc papers mid 18th cent of the 20th Earl (d 1749)
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
33
1850: architectural drawings for the Crawford Chapel, Wigan (Lancs)
Wigan Archives and Local Studies
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [61l]

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