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Douglas-Hamilton, family, Dukes of Hamilton and Brandon

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1000-2000
History:

The Hamilton family (created Lords Hamilton, 1445; Earls of Arran, 1503; Marquesses of Hamilton, 1559 and Dukes of Hamilton, 1643) were landholders in Buteshire (Arran), Lanarkshire and West Lothian by the 14th century. Forfeited estates of the Douglas family were acquired in 1455, and lands in Arran were granted to the 2nd Lord Hamilton with the earldom of Arran in 1503. Estates in Forfarshire (Arbroath Abbey, granted 1597) and elsewhere in Scotland were acquired subsequently, but by the 18th century the family's principal estates remained those in Arran (Brodick), Lanarkshire (Hamilton) and West Lothian (Kinneil), the Kinneil estate extending into the neighbouring county of Stirlingshire at Polmont. Some Lanarkshire property, including Crawford, had passed in the late 17th century to the Douglas family, Earls of Selkirk.

The 4th Duke of Hamilton (1658-1712), further created Duke of Brandon in 1711, acquired estates in Lancashire (Ashton Hall) and Staffordshire (Gerards Bromley and Sandon) through his marriage to Elizabeth, daughter and heir of the 5th Baron Gerard and co-heir of the 1st Earl of Macclesfield. Sandon was sold in 1776 (to the 1st Baron Harrowby) and Ashton Hall in 1853; and by the mid 19th century the remaining Staffordshire property had also been alienated. Anne (d. 1771), widow of the 5th Duke and co-heir of Edward Spencer of Rendlesham (Suffolk), married in 1751 Richard Nassau of Easton (Suffolk), brother of the 4th Earl of Rochford, and had a son William Henry Nassau (1754-1830), later 5th Earl of Rochford. Her Spencer property was inherited by the 9th Duke in 1771, and the Rochford estate in Suffolk eventually passed to the 10th Duke (d. 1852) on the death of the 5th Earl of Rochford in 1830. The 10th Duke married Susan, daughter and co-heir of the author William Beckford of Fonthill (Wiltshire) (d. 1844), whose papers and collections she inherited.

Hamilton Palace was given up in 1947, when Lennoxlove (East Lothian), the former seat of the Stewart family, Barons Blantyre, was acquired. The 5th Baron Blantyre had bought it with a fortune inherited from Frances, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox (d. 1702). The Dundonald papers were inherited by the 6th Duke of Hamilton through his mother (sister of the 5th Earl of Dundonald and heir to his unentailed estates). In 1761, on the death of the Duke of Douglas, the marquessate of Douglas passed to the 7th Duke of Hamilton, but the Douglas estates passed to a nephew of the Duke of Douglas (see Douglas-Home, Earls of Home).

Estates in 1883: 102,210 acres in Buteshire; 45,731 acres in Lanarkshire; 3,694 acres in West Lothian; 810 acres in Stirlingshire; 4,939 acres in Suffolk and 2 acres in Berkshire, worth a total of £73,638, excluding a mineral rent of £67,006.

Places:
  • Arbroath, Angus
  • Arran, Buteshire
  • Ashton, Lancashire
  • Avondale, Lanarkshire
  • Bath, Somerset
  • Beckford, Worcestershire
  • Bo'ness, West Lothian
  • Brodick, Buteshire
  • Butley, Suffolk
  • Chelsea, Middlesex
  • Crawford, Lanarkshire
  • Dungavel, Lanarkshire
  • Easton, Suffolk
  • Fonthill, Wiltshire
  • Gerrard's Bromley, Staffordshire
  • Great Glemham, Suffolk
  • Hamilton, Lanarkshire
  • Holbrook, Suffolk
  • Holyrood House, Midlothian
  • Kinneil, West Lothian
  • Lennoxlove, East Lothian
  • Milford, Wiltshire
  • Neilston, Renfrewshire
  • Nether Wyresdale, Lancashire
  • North Uist, Inverness-shire
  • Polmont, Stirlingshire
  • Rendlesham, Suffolk
  • Sandon, Staffordshire
  • Scotforth, Lancashire
  • Stronach, Buteshire
  • Weddicar, Cumberland
  • Westminster, Middlesex
  • Woodford, Wiltshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996, p. 49.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F89090 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F8426 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
14th cent-20th cent: Buteshire (Arran, Brodick, etc), East Lothian (Lennoxlove, etc), Lanarkshire (Hamilton, etc), Stirlingshire (Polmont, etc) and West Lothian (Kinneil, etc) writs, legal and financial papers, rentals, accounts, estate, mining and mineral working corresp and papers, household papers and Douglas-Hamilton family papers 14th-20th cent, misc Scottish estate papers 16th-20th cent, incl Arbroath (Angus) 16th-17th cent, Dunbartonshire and Renfrewshire (Neilston, etc) mainly 1746-57 and North Uist (Inverness-shire) 20th cent, Lancs (Ashton, etc), Staffs (Sandon, etc) and Suffolk (Easton, etc) deeds, rentals, accounts, estate and household papers 13th-20th cent, misc Berks, Somerset (Walcot) and Wilts (Milford and Woodford, etc) deeds and estate papers 16th-20th cent and Chelsea estate and household papers 1627-60, with household papers for Holyrood House 17th-19th cent and Weddicar (Cumberland) 1765 and papers of the Stuart (Barons Blantyre), Cochrane, Gerard, Lindsell, Nassau and other families mainly 17th-19th cent
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
NRA 10979 Hamilton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30a]
2
16th cent-19th cent: Buteshire (Arran, etc) and Lanarkshire (Hamilton, etc) legal papers and misc rentals, accounts and estate papers 16th-19th cent, with misc Hamilton family papers 17th-18th cent, incl accounts of work at Holyrood House lodgings c1785-99
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 32483 Tods

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30c]
3
18th cent-20th cent: Buteshire (Arran, Brodick, etc) rentals, accounts and estate, forestry, quarrying, household and other papers
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
NRA 10978

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30e]
4
1728-1752: Dunbartonshire, Lanarkshire (Hamilton, etc) and Renfrewshire (Neilston, etc) factory accounts
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30d]
5
16th cent-20th cent: Lanarkshire (Hamilton, etc), Stirlingshire (Polmont, etc) and West Lothian (Kinneil, etc) legal papers, rentals, accounts, estate and mining corresp and papers 16th-20th cent and Douglas-Hamilton family papers 17th-20th cent, incl household papers for Lanarkshire (Hamilton and Dungavel), Holyrood Palace and London, etc, 18th-20th cent, with Arran rental 1816, Nether Wyresdale (Lancs) rentals and accounts 1708-09, Lancs (Ashton, etc) and Suffolk (Rendlesham, etc) estate accounts 1811-20 and Wilts (Milford and Woodford) rentals and estate papers c1820-56
South Lanarkshire Council, Finance and Corporate Resources (Council Archives)
NRA 36701 Hamilton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30f]
6
1545-1634: Lanarkshire (Hamilton, etc) titles
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30h]
7
mid 19th cent: Hamilton (Lanarkshire) household inventories, letters of the 10th Duke of Hamilton (1767-1852) and corresp and papers of William Beckford (1760-1844)
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30p]
8
1680-20th cent: misc Renfrewshire (Neilston, etc) titles and legal papers
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
NRA 14815 Walker Laird

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30g]
9
1661-1678: Lancs (Ashton, etc) tenancy agreements
The National Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30m]
10
17th cent-20th cent: Suffolk (Easton, etc) deeds and papers 17th-20th cent, incl Great Glemham (Suffolk) household inventory 1905, with Beckford (? Worcs) manor court roll c1768
Suffolk Record Office, Ipswich Branch
NRA 29033 Hamilton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30k]
11
1855-1932: Suffolk (Easton, etc) manorial court records
Suffolk Record Office, Ipswich Branch
NRA 27651 Hill & Abbott

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30l]
12
1457-1858: Douglas-Hamilton family, legal, official and political corresp and papers
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 10979 Hamilton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30b]
13
16th cent-18th cent: Douglas-Hamilton family agency papers of Andrew Stuart of Torrance (d 1801) 16th-18th cent, mainly legal papers rel to the Douglas Cause, but incl financial and English estate papers from 16th cent, papers rel to Lanarkshire affairs 18th cent and repairs at Holyrood Abbey church 1757-58 and papers of the 6th Duke of Hamilton 1747-62
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30i]
14
c1772-1836: Douglas-Hamilton family agency papers of Davidson & Warrender WS, incl writs, inventories and corresp
Edinburgh University Library, Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30j]
15
11th cent-18th cent: Douglas-Hamilton family and collected papers 11th-18th cent, incl papers rel to Sir Ralph Sadler's embassy to Scotland 1543
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30n]
16
c1632-1809: Douglas-Hamilton family corresp and papers
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [30o]
17
1811-1846: Douglas-Hamilton family and business corresp
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
NRA 29083

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda]
18
late 17th cent: misc Hamilton (later Douglas-Hamilton) family legal papers
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
NRA 10180
19
1681-1876: Stuart (Barons Blantyre) family corresp and papers from the Hamilton family archive
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
NRA 37229
20
c1890-1910: trust papers of the 12th Duke of Hamilton (1845-1895)
Devonshire Collection Archives, Chatsworth
NRA 20594 Cavendish

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [17a]

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