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Hill, family, Marquesses of Downshire

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1200-2000
History:

Sir Moyses Hill (d. 1630) acquired estates in Counties Antrim and Down in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. They were increased by purchase and inheritance, and the marriage of his grandson William Hill (d. 1693) to Eleanor Boyle brought the Blessington (Co. Wicklow) estate into the family. Trevor Hill was created Viscount Hillsborough in 1717, and his son Earl of Hillsborough in 1751 and Marquess of Downshire in 1789. In 1786 Arthur Hill (d. 1801), later 2nd Marquess, married Mary Sandys, heir not only through her uncle the 2nd Baron Sandys to the Worcestershire and East Anglia estates of the Sandys family, but also through her mother to the estates of the Blundell, Alexander, Lee, Vanlore and Trumbull families.

William Trumbull (d. 1635) acquired the Easthampstead (Berkshire) estate in 1627-28. His grandson, Sir William Trumbull, married Judith Alexander, daughter of the 4th Earl of Stirling and eventual co-heir to property in Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Somerset, Surrey and elsewhere, including estates inherited from the Lee and Vanlore families. William Trumbull, son of Sir William, married Mary Blundell, daughter and co-heir of Viscount Blundell (d. 1756), through whom the Dundrum (Co. Down) and Edenderry (Co. Offaly) estates descended. It was Mary, daughter and heir of William Trumbull and Mary Blundell, who married in 1760 Colonel Martin Sandys, brother of the 2nd Baron Sandys (d. 1797), and their daughter Mary who married Viscount Fairford, later 2nd Marquess of Downshire.

The Sandys barony was recreated for Mary, Marchioness of Downshire, in 1802, and on her death in 1836 she was succeeded in the barony and in the Sandys estates by her second son, Lord Arthur Hill.

Estates in 1883: 78,051 acres in Co. Down; 15,766 acres in Co. Wicklow; 13,679 acres in Co. Offaly; 5,787 acres in Co. Antrim; 1,338 acres in Co. Kildare; 5,287 acres in Berkshire and 281 acres in Suffolk, worth £96,691 a year.

Places:
  • Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire
  • Beenham, Berkshire
  • Binfield, Berkshire
  • Blessington, County Wicklow
  • Carbury, County Kildare
  • Carrickfergus, County Antrim
  • Cirencester, Gloucestershire
  • Dundrum, County Down
  • East Harlsey, Yorkshire
  • Easthampstead, Berkshire
  • Edenderry, County Offaly
  • Egham, Surrey
  • Fordingbridge, Hampshire
  • Freckenham, Suffolk
  • Fritwell, Oxfordshire
  • Great Shefford, Berkshire
  • Hadlow, Kent
  • Hillsborough, County Down
  • Ickford, Buckinghamshire
  • Isleham, Cambridgeshire
  • Kilwarlin, County Down
  • North Petherton, Somerset
  • Ombersley, Worcestershire
  • Peasemore, Berkshire
  • Stretham, Cambridgeshire
  • Tilehurst, Berkshire
  • Ugley, Essex
  • Wokingham, Berkshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996, pp. 85-6.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F88903 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F4710 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
16th cent-20th cent: Co Antrim (Carrickfergus, etc), Co Down (Hillsborough, etc), Co Kildare (Carbury, etc), Co Offaly (Edenderry, etc) and Co Wicklow (Blessington, etc) deeds, family, estate and farming papers 16th-20th cent, mainly Co Down, with Berks (Easthampstead, etc) estate papers 18th-19th cent and household papers 1888-92
Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI)
NRA 21035 Hill

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [52a]
2
1744-1969: Co Antrim (Carrickfergus, etc) and Co Down (Kilwarlin, etc) estate accounts and papers
Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [52b]
3
c1200-19th cent: Berks (Easthampstead, Binfield, etc) deeds, family and estate papers and deeds and papers rel to Bucks (Aylesbury, etc), Cambs (Isleham, etc), Essex (Ugley, etc), Gloucs (Cirencester, etc), Hants (Fordingbridge, etc), Kent (Hadlow, etc), Oxon (Fritwell, etc), Somerset (North Petherton, etc), Suffolk (Freckenham, etc), Surrey (Egham, etc), Worcs (Ombersley, etc), Yorks (Morton Grange in East Harsley), Co Down (Kilwarlin, etc), Co Kildare (Carbury), etc
Berkshire Record Office
NRA 7580 Hill

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [52c]
4
1646-1667: Berks (Tilehurst, etc) manorial court book
Berkshire Record Office
NRA 3501 Berks RO misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [52d]
5
1583-1789: misc Berks (Easthampstead and Great Shefford) deeds and papers
Berkshire Record Office
NRA 3501 Berks RO misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [52e]
6
18th cent-20th cent: Berks (Easthampstead, Tilehurst, etc), Bucks (Aylesbury, etc) and Worcs (Ombersley, etc) estate papers 18th cent, Easthampstead dairy book 1870-72 and Hill family papers 19th-20th cent, incl corresp of the 6th Marquess of Downshire 1910-11
Berkshire Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [52f]
7
1349-1945: Berks (Easthampstead, Binfield, etc) field book 1903-14 and misc sales papers 1905-45, with a Binfield lease 1349 and Cambs (Thetford in Stretham) manorial court roll 1486-1503
Berkshire Record Office
NRA 3501 Berks RO misc
8
18th cent-19th cent: Hill family and political corresp and papers
Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI)
NRA 21035 Hill

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [52a]
9
1757-1914: misc further records incl draft rental for English estates (1831)
Berkshire Record Office

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