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Manners family, Dukes of Rutland

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1100-2000

The Manners family was established at Etal (Northumberland) by 1232. In 1469 Sir Robert Manners married Eleanor, sister and co-heir of Edmund, 11th Baron Ros (d. 1508). The Ros family, originating at Roos in Holderness (Yorkshire, East Riding), had inherited Helmsley (Yorkshire, North Riding) in the late 12th century and Belvoir Castle and barony (Leicestershire) in the mid-13th. By the late 15th century the Ros possessions also included land in north Lincolnshire (Wrawby, Melton Ross, etc), Nottinghamshire (Warsop, Orston, etc), Middlesex (Enfield) and Essex (Walthamstow). Sir George Manners (d. 1513) succeeded to the barony of Ros on the death c.1512 of Isabel Lovell, the second co-heir. His son Thomas Manners (c1492-1543) was created Earl of Rutland in 1525.

The 1st Earl acquired numerous monastic properties, including Rievaulx Abbey, near Helmsley, Warter Priory in the East Riding, and Belvoir Priory and Croxton Abbey in north-east Leicestershire. In 1547, however, the Etal estate was alienated; on the death of the 3rd Earl of Rutland in 1587 the East Riding estates passed to his daughter Elizabeth, who in 1589 married William Cecil, later 2nd Earl of Exeter; and on the death of the 6th Earl of Rutland in 1632 most of the Helmsley estate, together with the barony of Ros, passed to his daughter Katherine, widow of George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham.

The north Lincolnshire estate passed on the death of the 7th Earl in 1641 to the Tyrwhit family of Kettleby (Lincolnshire), into which his sister Bridget had married. The Belvoir estates, however, passed to a cousin, John Manners of Haddon (Derbyshire), who succeeded as 8th Earl. His grandfather, Sir John Manners (d. 1611), younger brother of the 2nd Earl, had married Dorothy, daughter and co-heir of Sir George Vernon, through whom he had inherited extensive estates in north Derbyshire and elsewhere.

The 9th Earl was created Duke of Rutland in 1703. In 1717 John Manners, later 3rd Duke, married Bridget (d. 1734), daughter and heir of Robert Sutton, 2nd Baron Lexinton, but the Kelham (Nottinghamshire) estate of this family descended to younger sons of the marriage, who took the name of Manners-Sutton. The Marquess of Granby (1721-70), eldest son of the 3rd Duke, married in 1750 Lady Frances Seymour, sister of, and co-heir to the paternal (Seymour) estates of, the 7th Duke of Somerset (d. 1750) (see also Percy, Dukes of Northumberland; Wyndham of Orchard Wyndham). Lord Granby was a trustee for the Duke's estates in Wiltshire, Cambridgeshire and elsewhere, and on their partition in the late 1770s his heir (who became 4th Duke of Rutland in 1779) received the Cheveley estate in Cambridgeshire and Suffolk, and the Marlborough and Trowbridge estates in Wiltshire. The Cheveley estate was retained until 1892, but Marlborough was sold in 1779 (to the Marquess of Ailesbury) and Trowbridge in 1809.

Between the late 17th and the late 19th centuries outlying properties in Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire were sold, but the Belvoir and Haddon estates were consolidated. By 1883 the Belvoir estate comprised nearly 35,000 acres, mainly in Leicestershire but including Granby (Nottinghamshire), Bisbrooke (Rutland) and Woolsthorpe and Ropsley (Lincolnshire, both former Belvoir Priory possessions). Both the Belvoir and the Haddon estates were reduced by sales following the First World War.

Estates in 1883: Leics 30,188 acres, Derbys 27,069 acres, Cambs 6,585 acres, Lincs 2,837 acres, Suffolk 1,591 acres, Notts 1,103 acres, Rutland 764 acres, total 70,137 acres worth £97,486 a year.

  • Averham, Nottinghamshire
  • Bakewell, Derbyshire
  • Belvoir, Leicestershire
  • Birchover, Derbyshire
  • Bisbrooke, Rutland
  • Cheveley, Cambridgeshire
  • Elsings, Middlesex
  • Enfield, Middlesex
  • Etal, Northumberland
  • Granby, Nottinghamshire
  • Greasley, Nottinghamshire
  • Haddon Hall, Derbyshire
  • Helmsley, Yorkshire
  • Holderness, Yorkshire
  • Ilkeston, Derbyshire
  • Kelham, Nottinghamshire
  • London
  • Longshaw Lodge, Derbyshire
  • Mundford, Norfolk
  • Nether Haddon, Derbyshire
  • Newmarket, Suffolk
  • Over Haddon, Derbyshire
  • Petworth, Sussex
  • Pillerton Priors, Warwickshire
  • Roos, Yorkshire
  • Ropsley, Lincolnshire
  • Sedgebrook, Lincolnshire
  • Stanton, Derbyshire
  • Thorpe Arnold, Leicestershire
  • Walthamstow, Essex
  • Wethersfield, Essex
  • Wood Ditton, Cambridgeshire
  • Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections L-Z, 1999
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F88720 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10830 )
Number Description Held by Reference Further information
12th-20th cent: Derbys (Haddon Hall in Nether Haddon, etc), Leics (Belvoir, etc), Lincs (Ropsley, Woolsthorpe, etc), Notts (Granby, etc) and Yorks (Helmsley, etc) deeds, legal papers, manorial records, rentals, accounts, estate, household and Manners family corresp and papers 12th-20th cent, Cambs (Cheveley, Wood Ditton, etc) and Suffolk (Newmarket, etc) deeds 12th-19th cent and estate papers 1778-1892, deeds and papers for Essex (Wethersfield), Norfolk (Mundford), Northumberland (Etal, etc), Rutland (Bisbrooke, etc) and Warwicks (Pillerton Priors, etc) 12th-18th cent, Walthamstow (Essex) rentals 1422, 1515-16, estate accounts for Kelham (Notts) 1733-63, Petworth (Sussex) estate and household accounts 1743-49 and household papers for Cheveley (Cambs), Longshaw Lodge (Derbys) and London 18th-20th cent, Holywell (London), Elsings in Enfield (Middlesex) and Helmsley (Yorks) 16th cent and Averham and Kelham (Notts) 1722-23, with monastic records and Vernon and Roos family papers 12th-16th cent, etc
Belvoir Castle
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [68a]
1596-1687: misc Ilkeston (Derbys) agreements 1598-1650, with misc Greasley (Notts) deeds and papers 1596-1687 and abstract of Belvoir and Haddon Hall accounts 1658
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 14327

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [68b]
1721-1788: Derbys (Bakewell, etc) estate papers
Derbyshire Record Office
NRA 6730

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [68c]
1895-1955: Derbys (Bakewell etc) deeds, legal papers and sale catalogues
Derbyshire Record Office
NRA 8918 Derbyshire RO misc
1608-1896: Derbys (Bakewell, etc) lead mining papers 1608-1896 and Bakewell and Over Haddon (Derbys) enclosure minutes 1806-11
Derbyshire Record Office
NRA 19306 Derby mines

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [68d]
1766-1852: Derbys (Birchover, Stanton, etc) lead mining papers
Derbyshire Record Office
NRA 10673 Brooke-Taylor
1727-1914: Cambs (Cheveley, etc) legal papers, manorial records and estate papers
Cambridgeshire Archives
NRA 3503 Cambs Misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [68f]
17th-18th cent: Cambs (Cheveley, etc) deeds and estate papers
Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre
NRA 32135 Seymour

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [92a]
1920: Leics (Thorpe Arnold, etc), Lincs (Sedgebrook, etc) and Notts (Granby) estate sale catalogue and plans
Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland, Record Office for
NRA 6263 Leics RO misc
1770-1897: Newmarket (Suffolk) manorial papers
Suffolk Archives - Bury St Edmunds Branch
NRA 12988 Newmarket manor

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [68e]
1400-1642: Newmarket (Suffolk) manorial court rolls and accounts
Suffolk Archives - Bury St Edmunds Branch
NRA 12988 Newmarket manor

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [68e]
1776-1932: Newmarket (Suffolk) manorial court and minute books and misc stewards' papers
Suffolk Archives - Bury St Edmunds Branch
NRA 12988 Newmarket manor

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [68e]
1637, 1714-1757: Yorks (Helmsley, etc) estate rentals
North Yorkshire County Record Office
NRA 11230
1307-1422: Yorks (Roos in Holderness) manorial records
Burghley House
NRA 6666 Cecil

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [19a]
1787-1800: Manners family trust papers (5th Duke of Rutland)
Badminton Muniments
NRA 6282 Somerset

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [96e]