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Willoughby, Heathcote-Drummond- family, Earls of Ancaster

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1100-2000
History:

Sir Gilbert Heathcote, 1st baronet (1652-1733), was Governor of the Bank of England 1708 and Lord Mayor of London 1710. He acquired estates in Rutland and Lincolnshire from c.1716 and his son built a house at Normanton (Rutland), demolished in 1925. Sir Gilbert John Heathcote, 5th baronet (1795-1867), created Baron Aveland in 1856, married in 1827 Clementina Drummond, sister and eventual heir of her brother, the 22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby (d. 1870). Their son succeeded his father as 2nd Baron Aveland and (in 1888) his mother as 24th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, and was created Earl of Ancaster in 1892.

Sir William de Willoughby (d. 1306) of Willoughby (Lincolnshire) married Alice Beke, co-heiress of Eresby (Lincolnshire). Their son was summoned to Parliament as Lord Willoughby de Eresby in 1313. Other properties were inherited in the 14th and early 15th centuries in the Parts of Holland (Lincolnshire) (from the Huntingfield family); Norfolk (from the Rosceline family) and Suffolk (from the Ufford Earls of Suffolk). Joan Willoughby, daughter and heiress of the 6th Baron, married Sir Richard Welles, but he and his son were beheaded in 1469-70. William Willoughby succeeded a cousin as 10th Baron Willoughby de Eresby in 1506, and married in 1516 Mary de Salinas, who as her dower received the reversion of Grimsthorpe (Lincolnshire) and other properties of John, Lord Beaumont. Their daughter Katherine married in 1535 Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk (she held his estates in dower between his death in 1545 and 1551), and secondly, in 1553, Richard Bertie. Her son Peregrine Bertie succeded her as 12th Baron Willoughby de Eresby in 1580, and the 13th Baron was created Earl of Lindsey in 1626.

The 4th Earl of Lindsey married in 1678 Mary, daughter and heir of Sir Richard Wynn of Gwydir, through whom the family acquired estates in Caernarvonshire, and was created Duke of Ancaster in 1715. On the death of the 4th Duke in 1779 the dukedom and the Grimsthorpe estate passed to his uncle, who died without male issue in 1809. At that point the dukedom became extinct and the Grimsthorpe estate passed to his niece Priscilla, Baroness Willoughby de Eresby, who had succeeded to the other Willoughby estates in 1779. Priscilla married Sir Peter Burrell, 2nd bt., of Beckenham (Kent), who in 1796 was created Baron Gwydir. Their son succeeded his father as 2nd Baron Gwydir in 1820 and his mother as 21st Baron Willoughby de Eresby in 1828. Through his marriage in 1807 to Clementina (d. 1865), daughter and heiress of the 1st Lord Perth, the family succeeded to extensive estates in Scotland centred on Drummond Castle (Perthshire).

On the death of the 5th Duke of Ancaster in 1809 some Lincolnshire property descended to the Greathead, later Heber-Percy, family of Guy's Cliffe (Warwickshire).

On the death of the 22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby in 1870 the Willoughby, Wynn and Drummond estates all passed to the Dowager Lady Aveland as Baroness Willoughby de Eresby.

Estates in 1883: Aveland: 17,637 acres in Lincolnshire; 13,633 acres in Rutland; 3 acres in Derbyshire; 2 acres in Huntingdonshire; worth a total of £46,894 a year. Willoughby de Eresby: 24,696 acres in Lincolnshire; 30,391 acres in Caernarvonshire; 296 acres in Denbighshire; 76,837 acres in Perthshire; worth a total of £74,006 a year.

Places:
  • Addlethorpe, Lincolnshire
  • Alford, Lincolnshire
  • Baston, Lincolnshire
  • Beckenham, Kent
  • Bettws-y-coed, Caernarfonshire
  • Burghfield, Berkshire
  • Chesterfield, Derbyshire
  • Crogen, Merionethshire
  • Drummond Castle, Perthshire
  • Edenham, Lincolnshire
  • Edgefield, Norfolk
  • Edith Weston, Rutland
  • Eglwys Fach, Denbighshire
  • Eresby, Lincolnshire
  • Ewelme, Oxfordshire
  • Grimsthorpe, Lincolnshire
  • Gwydir Castle, Caernarfonshire
  • Holbeton, Devon
  • Ingoldmells, Lincolnshire
  • Kingsbury, Warwickshire
  • Langtoft, Lincolnshire
  • Llandrillo, Merionethshire
  • Llanrhychwyn, Caernarfonshire
  • Llanrwst, Denbighshire
  • London
  • Normanton, Rutland
  • Partney, Lincolnshire
  • Spilsby, Lincolnshire
  • Winthorpe, Lincolnshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections, 1996, p. 78.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F88665 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10833 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-20th cent: Lincs (Grimsthorpe, etc) and Rutland (Normanton, etc) deeds, legal and trust papers, manorial records, rentals, accounts, estate, household and Bertie, Heathcote, Willoughby and Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby family corresp and papers 12th-20th cent, misc Caernarfonshire (Gwydir Castle, etc), Denbighshire (Llanrwst, etc) and Merionethshire (Llandrillo, etc) deeds, legal, estate and household papers 17th-20th cent, misc Perthshire (Drummond Castle, etc) estate and household papers 1865-1932 and Jamaican deeds and estate papers c1695-1726, with deeds and papers for other properties 12th-19th cent, incl Berks (Burghfield, etc), Norfolk (Edgefield, etc) and Oxon (Ewelme, etc) 12th-16th cent, Derbys (Chesterfield, etc) 16th-18th cent, Kent (Beckenham, etc) 16th-19th cent, London mainly 14th-18th cent and Yorks 18th cent, misc manorial records for Devon (Holbeton, etc), Warwicks (Kingsbury, etc) and elsewhere mainly 16th cent, inventory of the Duke of Suffolk's London house 1535 and papers of the Brandon and Burrell families, etc
Lincolnshire Archives
NRA 5789 Willoughby

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48a]
2
16th cent-20th cent: Lincs (Grimsthorpe, Spilsby, etc) deeds, legal, trust and estate papers 16th-20th cent, with misc Welsh (Caernarfonshire, etc) estate papers 1786-19th cent, Grimsthorpe, Gwydir Castle and Drummond Castle household inventories and accounts 1823-67 and accounts of 3rd Duke of Ancaster as Master of the Horse 1777-78
Lincolnshire Archives
NRA 5789 Willoughby

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48b]
3
1555-1671: Grimsthorpe (Lincs) household account 1581 and Bertie family papers 1555-1671, incl Irish accounts of Sir William Pelham 1579-80
Lincolnshire Archives
NRA 5789 Willoughby

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48c]
4
1783-1810: Lincs (Grimsthorpe, etc) estate agent's account book
Lincolnshire Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48d]
5
1801-1809: Lincs (Grimsthorpe, etc) estate accounts
Lincolnshire Archives
NRA 4675 Cragg

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48e]
6
1896-1950: Lincs (Grimsthorpe etc) estate papers (Edward Binns as land agent)
Lincolnshire Archives
NRA 3511 Lincs AO misc
7
1639-1955: additional family and estate records
Lincolnshire Archives
See Annual Return 2004
8
1886-1964: additional family and estate records incl cash books, ledgers, accounts, wage books and corresp between Gilbert, second earl of Ancaster and EB Binns
Lincolnshire Archives
See Annual Return 2004
9
18th cent-1806: Lincs (Addlethorpe, Ingoldmells, Winthorpe, etc) deeds and papers
Warwickshire County Record Office
NRA 21750
10
13th cent-19th cent: Kent (Beckenham, etc) estate and Burrell family papers
Kent History and Library Centre
NRA 3509 Kent AO misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda]
11
17th cent-19th cent: Caernarfonshire (Gwydir Castle, Llanrhychwyn, etc), Denbighshire (Llanrwst, etc) and Merionethshire (Llandrillo, etc) deeds, legal and estate papers 17th-19th cent, with Gwydir Castle inventories 1848, 1865-66 and Bertie, Burrell and Wynn family wills, settlements and papers 1654-1818
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
NRA 36325 Gwydir

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48f]
12
1687: Caernarfonshire (Gwydir Castle, etc) estate rental
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48g]
13
1889-1894: Gwydir Castle (Caernarfonshire) visitors book
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48h]
14
18th cent-20th cent: Caernarfonshire (Gwydir Castle, etc) rentals, accounts, estate and mining papers, with Bertie, Willoughby, Wynn and Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby family, legal and trust papers
Gwynedd Archives, Caernarfon Record Office
NRA 30191 Heathcote

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48j]
15
1629-1716: Caernarfonshire, Denbighshire and Merionethshire rentals and accounts 1688-1716 and Wynn family deeds and wills 1629-1707
The National Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48k]
16
17th cent-20th cent: Caernarfonshire (Gwydir Castle, etc) and misc Denbighshire (Eglwysfach, etc) deeds, legal, estate and mining papers 17th-20th cent, with Gwydir Castle building book 1884-95 and inventories 1841
Collection held privately: enquiries to The National Archives, Archives Sector Development
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48l]
17
12th cent-19th cent: Perthshire (Drummond Castle, etc) charters and writs 12th-19th cent and legal and estate papers 17th-19th cent, with misc papers rel to drummond Castle household and the Drummond and Drummond-Willoughby families 15th-19th cent
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48m]
18
18th cent-20th cent: Perthshire (Drummond Castle, etc) legal papers and rentals, accounts and estate corresp and papers
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
NRA 20245 Drummond

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48n]
19
1809-1816: Perthshire (Drummond Castle, etc) estate cash books (James Adams as factor)
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48o]
20
1515-1690: Wynn family corresp and papers
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
NRA 11470 Wynn

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [48i]
21
16th cent-17th cent: Wynn family legal papers
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
NRA 28740 Panton
22
16th cent-17th cent: Wynn family legal and financial papers
National Library of Wales: Department of Collection Services
NRA 30545 Williams-Wynn

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [115a]
23
18th cent-1806: misc Bertie family deeds and papers
Warwickshire County Record Office
NRA 26321 Percy
24
1562-1573: papers of Maurice Wynn
Gwynedd Archives, Caernarfon Record Office
NRA 28983 Caernarfon RO misc

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