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Carew, Pole family, baronets, of Antony

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Date: 1200-2000

The Carew family of Antony (Cornwall), created baronets 1641, was founded by Alexander Carew (d. 1492), fourth son of Sir Nicholas Carew of Carew Castle (Pembrokeshire), and had estates in east Cornwall at Torpoint, Sheviock (bought 1554), Saltash, and elsewhere, and in Devon (Drewsteignton) by the end of the 16th century. The 5th Bt (d. 1744) married the daughter and heir of the 4th Earl of Coventry (d. 1719), whose estates, however, descended to a male cousin. After the death of the 6th Bt without issue in 1748, the Antony inheritance passed to his widow (d. 1766) and the baronetcy, shortly afterwards extinguished, to a cousin. The estates devolved briefly upon John Carew (d. 1771) of Camerton (Somerset), nephew of Thomas Carew (d. 1766) of Crowcombe (Somerset), before descending to Reginald Pole (d. 1835) of Stoke Damarel (Devon), a great-grandson of the 3rd Bt, who adopted the surname Carew in 1772. The east Cornwall property was extended and concentrated around Antony, most of the property nearer Plymouth (Notter, Saltash, etc) and in Devon being alienated in the late 18th and early 19th century.

The Pole family was settled in Devon by the 16th century, and subsequently built up an estate centred on Shute (acquired from Sir William Petre in 1561), near Colyton. Further Devon property (Sidbury, etc) was gained by the marriage of Sir William Pole (d. 1635) to Mary, daughter and co-heir of Sir William Perriam. Their son Sir John Pole was created a baronet in 1628. Other property was acquired in Dorset (Broadwindsor, etc) and in Somerset, but was evidently disposed of before 1800. On the death of the 11th Bt in 1926 the Pole baronetcy and estates were inherited by John Gawen Pole Carew of Antony, who took the surname Carew Pole. Shute House was given up before the Second World War, the muniments being transferred to Antony House, and the remaining property alienated by 1956.

The Buller family was established at Shillingham (Cornwall) by 1600. In the 17th century Sir Richard Buller acquired estates in London, Shropshire and Montgomeryshire, later sold, by marriage to Alice, co-heir of Sir John Hayward; King's Nympton (Devon) was bought c.1667; and property in the Isle of Thanet (Kent), Banwell (Somerset) and Isleham (Cambridgeshire) was added through a marriage with the Maynard family. West Cornwall estates were gained by the marriage of Francis Buller to the daughter and heir of Ezekiel Grosse of Golden. John, younger son of Francis Buller, acquired Morval in east Cornwall through his marriage to the heiress of John Coode, and extended his Cornish property by another marriage, to the heiress of Walter Langdon of Keverel. In 1707 the estates of the Shillingham branch of the Buller family devolved upon the Morval line. James Buller, son of John Buller of Morval and Shillingham (d. 1751), married Elizabeth, co-heir to the Devon and Cornwall estates of William Gould of Downes, near Crediton (Devon). He settled the Shillingham and Gould family estates on his son by his first marriage, who founded the Buller family of Downes, and the Morval inheritance, with the Maynard estates and the Devon (King's Nympton) property (sold in the late-18th and 19th century), on his son by a second marriage. After the death of J.F. Buller in 1890 Morval passed to his sister Charlotte (wife of H.M. Tremayne), but another sister, Frances (widow of W.H. Pole Carew) removed many of the Buller muniments to Antony House.

Estates in 1883: Pole Carew of Antony: Cornwall 4,288 acres worth £6,401 a year; Pole of Shute: Devon 5,846 acres worth £7,416 a year, with Berks property valued at £370 a year.

  • Antony, Cornwall
  • Broadwinsor, Dorset
  • Drewsteignton, Devon
  • Saltash, Cornwall
  • Sheviock, Cornwall
  • Shute, Devon
  • Sidbury, Devon
  • South Petherton, Somerset
  • Torpoint, Cornwall
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections L-Z, 1999.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F88567 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10161 )
  Description Held by Reference Further information
13th cent-20th cent: Cornwall (Antony, etc), Devon (Shute, etc), Dorset (Broadwinsor, etc) and misc Somerset (South Petherton, etc) deeds, manorial records, family and estate papers, incl Buller, Coventry and Hele family papers
Collection held privately: enquiries to Cornwall Record Office
NRA 5960 Carew Pole

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [86a]
1920-1927: Cornwall (Antony, etc) estate sales papers
Archives and Cornish Studies Service
NRA 30436

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [86b]
1790-1900: Torpoint (Cornwall) leases
Archives and Cornish Studies Service
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [86c]
17th cent-18th cent: Cornwall (Sheviock, etc) and misc Devon (Drewsteignton, etc) deeds, legal and estate accounts and papers
Archives and Cornish Studies Service
NRA 20065 Rashleigh
18th cent: misc Cornwall (Sheviock, etc) estate papers
Archives and Cornish Studies Service
NRA 38001 Rashleigh
1658-1672, 1715-1723: Devon (Shute, etc) estate and Pole family accounts
Devon Archives and Local Studies Service (South West Heritage Trust)
NRA 4613 Devon RO

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [86d]
1650-1658: Devon estate and personal accounts of Sir Courtenay Pole
Devon Archives and Local Studies Service (South West Heritage Trust)
NRA 4613 Devon RO

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [86e]
c1690-1704: Carew family trust papers (Sir John Carew, 3rd Bt)
Archives and Cornish Studies Service
NRA 21923 Coodes
1750-1754: Carew family corresp, mainly of Mary Carew Buller, widow of Sir Coventry Carew
Somerset Heritage Centre (South West Heritage Trust)
NRA 41076 Carew

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