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Cust, family, Barons Brownlow

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1200-2000
History:

The Cust family was settled at Pinchbeck (Lincolnshire) in the 15th century, and acquired further Lincolnshire property by marriage and purchase. Sir Richard Cust, 2nd baronet (1680-1734), married in 1717 Anne Brownlow, sister of Sir John Brownlow, 5th baronet, who was created Viscount Tyrconnel in 1718. Through this marriage the Cust family inherited part of the estates of Sir John Brownlow, 3rd baronet (d. 1697) of Belton (Lincolnshire). Sir Brownlow Cust, 5th baronet (1744-1807), was created Baron Brownlow in 1776 in recognition of his father’s services as Speaker of the House of Commons, and his first marriage, to Jocosa Drury, brought the Arthingworth (Northamptonshire) estate into the family. The Marnham (Nottinghamshire) property had been a late 17th century Brownlow purchase. A borough interest at Clitheroe (Lancashire), purchased in 1802, was sold following the 1832 Reform Act.

John Cust (1779-1853), 2nd Baron and (from 1815) 1st Earl Brownlow, married in 1810 Sophia, daughter and co-heir of Sir Abraham Hume. This marriage brought not only Hume property in Lincolnshire (Torksey and South Kyme) but eventually under the will of her uncle the 7th Earl of Bridgewater, a considerable portion of the Egerton inheritance, comprising the Ellesmere estate in Shropshire, the Ashridge estate in Hertfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Bedfordshire, and properties in County Durham and the North Riding of Yorkshire (see also Egerton, Earls of Ellesmere).

On the death of the 1st Earl Brownlow the Cust estates were divided, part of the Lincolnshire estates, together with the Northamptonshire and Nottinghamshire properties, passing to his younger son. On the death of the 3rd Earl in 1921 his estates passed to a cousin, Adelbert Salusbury Cust, formerly of Cockayne Hatley, a Bedfordshire estate inherited in the mid 18th century and subsequently used to provide for younger sons.

Estates in 1883: Brownlow: 20,233 acres in Shropshire; 11,652 acres in Lincolnshire; 11,785 acres in Buckinghamshire; 8,551 acres in Hertfordshire; 2,968 acres in Bedfordshire; 1,689 acres in North Riding of Yorkshire; 920 acres in Co. Durham; 536 acres in Berwickshire; 1 acre in Flintshire; worth a total of £86,426 a year. E.R.C. Cust: 14,868 acres in Lincolnshire; 1,993 acres in Nottinghamshire; 226 acres in Northamptonshire; 33 acres in Lancashire; 2 acres in Rutland; worth a total of £25,696 a year. H.F.C. Cust of Cockayne Hatley: 1,410 acres in Bedfordshire, worth £1,564 a year.

Places:
  • Arthingworth, Northamptonshire
  • Ashridge Park, Hertfordshire
  • Belton, Lincolnshire
  • Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire
  • Bromfield, Shropshire
  • Bromfield, Denbighshire
  • Burlingham St Andrew, Norfolk
  • Caldwell, Yorkshire
  • Chertsey, Surrey
  • Cheshunt, Hertfordshire
  • Clitheroe, Lancashire
  • Cockayne Hatley, Bedfordshire
  • Ellesmere, Shropshire
  • Farcet, Huntingdonshire
  • Gosberton, Lincolnshire
  • Grantham, Lincolnshire
  • Great Gonerby, Lincolnshire
  • Halse, Northamptonshire
  • Hawnby, Yorkshire
  • Hilton, Yorkshire
  • Ivinghoe, Buckinghamshire
  • Little Gaddesden, Hertfordshire
  • Manthorpe, Lincolnshire
  • Marnham, Nottinghamshire
  • Pinchbeck, Lincolnshire
  • Pitstone, Buckinghamshire
  • South Kyme, Lincolnshire
  • Stanground, Huntingdonshire
  • Studham, Bedfordshire
  • Torksey, Lincolnshire
  • Whitchurch, Shropshire
  • Winston, Durham
  • Wollaston, Northamptonshire
  • Wormley, Hertfordshire
  • Worsley, Lancashire
  • Wrexham, Denbighshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996, p. 43.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F88492 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10710 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
14th cent-20th cent: Lincs (Belton, Gosberton, Great Gonerby, Manthorpe, etc) deeds, legal papers, manorial records, estate rentals, accounts, corresp and papers and Cust family papers 14th-20th cent, with deeds and papers rel to property in Beds (Cockayne Hatley, etc), Bucks and Herts (Ashridge Park in Little Gaddesden, etc), Hunts (Farcet and Stanground, etc), Lancs (Clitheroe, etc), London, Northants (Arthingworth, etc), Notts (Marnham, etc), Salop (Ellesmere, etc) and elsewhere mainly 15th-19th cent, incl Drury, Egerton and Hume family papers
Lincolnshire Archives
NRA 7193 Cust

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27a]
2
18th cent-19th cent: Lincs (Gosberton, Pinchbeck, etc) estate and drainage papers 1762-mid 19th cent, Lincs and Notts (Marnham, etc) estate plans 18th-19th cent and Cust family papers 19th cent, incl papers rel to Boston recordership and Lincs, Boston, Grantham and Lincoln elections 1807-32, Lincs lord lieutenacy papers of 1st Earl Brownlow c1809-52, etc
Lincolnshire Archives
NRA 6799 Cust

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27a]
3
18th cent-20th cent: further Lincs estate and Cust family papers
Lincolnshire Archives
See Annual Return 1996
4
19th cent: Belton (Lincs) architectural drawings, etc
Collection held privately: enquiries to The National Archives, Archives Sector Development
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27e]
5
13th cent-19th cent: Beds (Studham, etc), Bucks (Pitstone, etc) and Herts (Ashridge Park in Little Gaddesden, etc) deeds, legal papers, manorial records and estate papers 13th-19th cent (Ashridge estate) and Cust and Egerton family papers 16th-19th cent, with manorial records for Bromfield (Salop) 1626-27 and Wrexham (Denbighshire) 1504-05 and estate papers for Lancs (Worsley, etc) 18th-19th cent, Salop (Ellesmere, etc) 16th-18th cent, Chertsey (Surrey) c1617-1795 and Yorks (Hawnby, etc) and Durham (Winston) 1748
Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies
NRA 9422

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27c]
6
16th cent-20th cent: Beds (Studham, etc), Bucks (Pitstone, etc) and Herts (Ashridge Park in Little Gaddesden, etc) deeds, legal and estate papers 16th-20th cent (Ashridge estate) and manorial records for Halse (Northants) 18th-20th cent and Sibford Gower (Oxon) 18th-19th cent
Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies
NRA 18363 Grover

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27f]
7
c13th cent-19th cent: Beds (Studham, etc), Bucks (Ivinghoe, Pitstone, etc) and Herts (Ashridge Park in Little Gaddesden, etc) deeds and estate papers (Ashridge estate)
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27g]
8
15th cent-19th cent: Beds (Cockayne Hatley, Studham, etc) and misc Bucks (Pitstone, etc) and Herts (Ashridge Park in Little Gaddesden, etc) deeds and estate papers 15th-19th cent, with misc Cust family papers 17th-19th cent
Bedfordshire Archives & Records Service
NRA 30112 Cust

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27j]
9
16th cent-19th cent: Beds (Studham, etc), Bucks (Pitstone, etc) and Herts (Ashridge Park in Little Gaddesden, etc) deeds and papers (Ashridge estate)
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
NRA 16238 Egerton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27i]
10
17th cent: misc Bucks (Ivinghoe and Pitstone) estate accounts and papers (Ashridge estate)
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27h]
11
20th cent: Ashridge House (Herts) alterations plans and papers
Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies
See Annual Return 2006
12
1813-1827: Ashridge estate steward's diaries
Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies
NRA 18327

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27d]
13
16th cent-19th cent: Herts (Wormley, etc) deeds, legal and estate papers and deeds and papers rel to Lincs (South Kyme, Torksey, etc), London and Norfolk (Burlingham st Andrew, etc)
Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies
NRA 10011

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27e]
14
16th cent-19th cent: Lancs (Clitheroe, etc) deeds and estate papers, incl papers rel to Clitheroe borough and elections
Lancashire Archives
NRA 14652 Francis & Co

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27o]
15
1629-1650, 1718-1794: Halse (Northants) manorial records 1718-94 and Wollaston (Northants) manorial estreats 1629-50
Northamptonshire Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27k]
16
c1200-20th cent: Salop (Ellesmere, Whitchurch, etc) deeds, legal papers, manorial records and estate rentals, accounts, corresp and papers
Shropshire Archives
NRA 37869 Cust

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27l]
17
1789-20th cent: Salop (Ellesmere, etc) estate rentals, accounts and papers
Shropshire Archives
NRA 36453 Cust

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27m]
18
16th cent-19th cent: Yorks (Caldwell, Hawnby, Hilton, etc) and Durham (Winston) deeds, legal and estate papers 16th-19th cent, with Chertsey (Surrey) rent accounts 1732-39
North Yorkshire County Record Office
NRA 37278 Cust

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27n]
19
1782-1807: Egerton family corresp, mainly of the 7th Earl of Bridgewater, from the Cust family papers
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [27p]
20
c1813-1856: papers of Henry Cockayne Cust (1780-1861), Canon of Windsor
St George's Chapel Archives and Chapter Library
NRA 38539 Windsor
21
1739-1990s: papers of Terence R. Leach rel to Belton House and the Brownlow and Cust families
Lincolnshire Archives
See Acc 2012/137

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