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Lumley, family, Earls of Scarbrough

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1200-2000
History:

The Lumley family owned land in County Durham by the 12th century. Its estates, the core of which was at Lumley Castle, situated on the Durham coalfield by the River Wear, were extended in the 15th century through the marriage of George, Lord Lumley and the heiress of Roger Thornton, a Newcastle-upon-Tyne merchant. Created (Irish) Viscounts in 1628, the family achieved further eminence when Richard Lumley (d. 1721) was promoted Earl of Scarbrough in 1690.

The Saundersons were merchants and landowners who built up estates in Yorkshire (West Riding) and Lincolnshire through marriage and purchase in the 15th and 16th centuries. Important acquisitions were made at Saxby (Lincolnshire) and, in 1549, Sandbeck (Yorkshire, West Riding), a former possession of the Cistercian abbey of Roche. Roche itself was bought in 1627, and in the early 18th century Glentworth and Winteringham (Lincolnshire) were inherited from the Wray family. The Lincolnshire estate, which included Reasby and Skegness, was scattered through Lindsey, but that in Yorkshire (including Maltby, Stainton and Stone) was concentrated around Sandbeck. From the 18th century nearby Tickhill was leased from the Duchy of Lancaster.

The Saunderson family, created baronets in 1612 and Viscounts Castleton in the peerage of Ireland in 1627, was extinguished on the death in 1723 of the first and only Earl of Castleton (created 1720). He left his Yorkshire and Lincolnshire estates to Thomas Lumley (1691-1752), second son of his cousin the 1st Earl of Scarbrough, who adopted the name Lumley-Saunderson, and succeeded his brother as 3rd Earl of Scarbrough in 1739.

The County Durham estate, together with an estate at Stansted (Sussex) acquired by the marriage of John, Lord Lumley (d. 1609) and Jane, daughter and co-heir of the 12th Earl of Arundel, passed to James Lumley, another son of the 1st Earl of Scarbrough. On James Lumley's death in 1766 the County Durham estate reverted to the 4th Earl but Stansted descended to Lumley's nephew the 2nd Earl of Halifax. Owing to an inheritance dispute involving the will of Sir George Savile, 8th Bt (1726-84), of Rufford (Nottinghamshire), the 7th and 8th Earls held the Nottinghamshire and Yorkshire (West Riding) estates of the Savile family between 1832 and 1856 (see Lumley-Savile of Rufford, no 65). When the 8th Earl died unmarried in 1856 the Lumley and Saunderson estates were inherited by a cousin as 9th Earl of Scarbrough, while the Savile estates passed to Henry Savile Lumley (d. 1881) and afterwards to the 1st Baron Savile of Rufford (d. 1896), both natural sons of the 8th Earl.

An urban estate at Warrington (Cheshire) entered the family through the 11th Earl's mother Constance Ellinor (d. 1933), eldest granddaughter of John Wilson Patten (1802-92), Baron Winmarleigh. Property in the North Riding of Yorkshire (Thornton, etc) and the East Riding (Scampston), formerly owned by John, Lord Latimer (d. 1577), descended to his granddaughter Elizabeth, Viscountess Lumley (d. 1658), widow of Sir William Sandys, and was sold after her death.

Estates in 1883: Lincs 11,270 acres, Yorks WR 8,640 acres, Co Durham 1,788 acres, total 21,698 acres worth £31,597 a year.

Places:
  • Doncaster, Yorkshire
  • Edwinstowe, Nottinghamshire
  • Glentworth, Lincolnshire
  • Greenwich, Kent
  • Hayling, Hampshire
  • Kilton, Yorkshire
  • Longney, Gloucestershire
  • Lumley, Durham
  • Malvern, Worcestershire
  • Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland
  • Nonsuch Palace, Surrey
  • Reasby, Lincolnshire
  • Rufford Abbey, Nottinghamshire
  • Sandbeck Park, Yorkshire
  • Saxby, Lincolnshire
  • Scampston, Yorkshire
  • Skegness, Lincolnshire
  • Slade Hooton, Yorkshire
  • Stansted, Sussex
  • Stone, Yorkshire
  • Thornton, Yorkshire
  • Tickhill, Yorkshire
  • Warrington, Lancashire
  • Winteringham, Lincolnshire
  • Yatton, Somerset
  • Stainton (Tickhill), Yorkshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections L-Z, 1999
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F86876 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10704 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
13th cent-20th cent: Durham (Lumley, etc), Lincs (Glentworth, Saxby, Skegness, etc), Northumberland (Newcastle upon Tyne, etc) and Yorks (Sandbeck Park, Slade Hooton, etc) deeds, manorial records, family and estate papers and misc deeds and papers for Gloucs (Longney, etc), London, Somerset (Yatton, etc), Sussex (Stansted, etc) and Worcs (Malvern) 13th-20th cent, with Warrington (Cheshire) estate papers c1930-53, Notts (Rufford Abbey, etc) estate and household papers c1768-1807, Yorks (Scampston, Thornton, etc) manorial and estate papers 15th-17th cent (former Latimer property), etc
Sandbeck Park
NRA 6155 Lumley

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [65a]
2
c1654-1807: Durham (Lumley, etc) estate rental 1784 and colliery accounts and papers c1778-82, Lincs (Winteringham, etc) estate rental 1784 and Lumley family, legal and financial papers c1654-1807, mainly papers of the 4th Earl (d1782) and the 5th Earl (d1807)
The National Archives
NRA 39979

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [64g]
3
late 18th cent: misc Durham (Lumley, etc), Lincs (Glentworth, Winteringham, etc) and Yorks (Sandbeck Park, etc) estate papers c1767-83 and Lumley family settlement and trust papers late 18th cent
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 20442 Foljambe

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [38a]
4
18th cent-19th cent: Durham (Lumley, etc) and Lincs (Glentworth, Winteringham, etc) estate papers c1812-56 and Lumley family papers 18th-19th cent
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 6119 Savile

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [65a]
5
late 18th cent: Durham (Lumley, etc), Lincs (Glentworth, Winteringham, etc) and Yorks (Sandbeck Park, etc) estate particulars 1785, 1793, with misc related papers late 18th cent
Nottinghamshire Archives
NRA 14864 Rufford

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [65e]
6
1532-1608: Durham (Lumley, etc), Northumberland (Newcastle upon Tyne, etc) and Yorks (Kilton, etc) estate rentals and accounts, with a few for Hants (Hayling, etc), Surrey (Nonsuch Palace, etc) and Sussex (Stansted, etc)
Surrey History Centre
NRA 3518 Surrey RO misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [64j]
7
18th cent-20th cent: Lincs (Glentworth, Saxby, Skegness, etc) deeds, legal papers and estate accounts and papers
Lincolnshire Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [64c]
8
16th cent-18th cent: Winteringham (Lincs) deeds and papers
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
NRA 29652
9
18th cent-20th cent: Yorks (Slade Hooton, etc) legal and estate papers
Sheffield City Archives
NRA 112 Lumley

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [64b]
10
1887-1932: Royal Niger Company and Niger Company corresp and papers of the 10th Earl (1857-1945)
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
NRA 24247 Lumley

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [64d]
11
1937-1963: Bombay and Indian papers of the 11th Earl (1896-1969)
British Library: Asian and African Studies
NRA 36734

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [64e]
12
1722-1723: Portuguese letter book of the 3rd Earl (1691-1752)
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [64h]
13
MS and printed book collections of John, Lord Lumley (d1609)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [64i]
14
19th cent: papers of John Wilson Patten, Baron Winmarleigh (1802-1892)
Lancashire Archives
NRA 31246 Patten

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [64c]

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