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Vane, family, Barons Barnard

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The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1300-2000
History:

The Vane or Fane family, a younger branch of the Fane Earls of Westmorland, was settled at Hadlow (Kent) in the 15th century. Sir Henry Vane senior (1589-1654) sold Hadlow but purchased the Fairlawn (Kent) estate and extensive properties in County Durham, including Raby Castle, in the early 17th century. An estate at Long Newton (County Durham) was settled on a younger son, Sir George Vane (see Vane-Tempest-Stewart, Marquesses of Londonderry), but the other Kent and County Durham estates descended to Sir Henry Vane junior (1613-62), the republican politician, and eventually to his son Christopher Vane (d. 1723), who married in 1676 Elizabeth, sister and co-heir of John Holles, Duke of Newcastle (see Pelham-Clinton, later Pelham-Clinton-Hope, Dukes of Newcastle) and was created Baron Barnard in 1698.

In the next generation Raby Castle passed to the 2nd Baron (1678-1753), who married Mary Randyll of Chilworth (Surrey), but Fairlawn passed to a younger brother, William (c1680-1734), who also inherited some property in County Durham and a reversionary interest in the Newcastle estates. William Vane married in 1703 Lucy, daughter and co-heir of William Jolliffe of Caverswall (Staffordshire), and was created Viscount Vane in 1720. The 2nd Viscount sold Caverswall (retaining, however, a life interest) and disposed of his reversionary interest in the Newcastle estates (to the 2nd Duke of Newcastle). After his death in 1798 Fairlawn was also sold, but some County Durham property reverted to the senior line.

The 3rd Baron Barnard (c1705-1758) married in 1725 Grace, daughter of Charles Fitzroy, Duke of Cleveland, by his second wife Anne Pulteney, aunt of William Pulteney, Earl of Bath, and was created Earl of Darlington in 1754. The 2nd Earl (1726-92) married in 1757 Margaret, sister and eventually co-heir of James Lowther, Earl of Lonsdale (see Lowther, Earls of Lonsdale), through whom property in Barbados was inherited, and was residuary legatee of the 2nd Duke of Cleveland (d. 1774).

The 3rd Earl of Darlington (1766-1842) inherited in 1805 extensive estates in Shropshire (High Ercall, Wroxeter, etc), Staffordshire (Wolverhampton), Northamptonshire (Brigstock and Sudborough), Cheshire (Minshull Vernon) and Montgomeryshire (Deythur or Deuddwr). These estates had all or mostly been acquired by the Earl of Bath from the Newport family, Earls of Bradford (see Bridgeman, Earls of Bradford), and had descended to Frances Pulteney and her husband Sir William Johnstone, afterwards Pulteney, 5th Bt (d. 1805) (see Hope-Johnstone of Raehills). Following the deaths of their daughter Henrietta Laura (created Countess of Bath in 1803) in 1808 and her husband Sir James Murray-Pulteney, Bt, in 1811, Lord Darlington also inherited property in Somerset (Bathwick and Wrington). The Cheshire and Montgomeryshire estates and some Shropshire properties were sold between 1805 and 1824, and the Somerset properties reduced by sale in the late 19th century, but the bulk of the Shropshire, Staffordshire and Northamptonshire estates were retained into the 20th century.

Lord Darlington was created Duke of Cleveland in 1833. In 1787 he had married Katherine, daughter and co-heir of the 6th Duke of Bolton (see Orde-Powlett, Barons Bolton). Her interest in the Bolton estates in Cornwall, Devon, Dorset and Wiltshire passed to her younger son Lord William Vane, who in January 1864 succeeded as 3rd Duke of Cleveland. As divided under a private Act of 1863 the Vane family received estates in Cornwall (Ludgvan, etc), Devon (Brixham, etc) and Wiltshire (Imber, etc).

Lord Harry Vane (1803-91), younger brother of the 2nd and 3rd Dukes, inherited some land in County Durham from his father. He also acquired the Battle Abbey estates in Sussex (from Sir Augustus Webster, 7th Bt, in 1858) and other properties in Sussex and Kent. In September 1864 he succeeded as 4th Duke of Cleveland, inheriting the Vane and former Pulteney estates in County Durham, Shropshire and other counties, and former Bolton estates in Cornwall, Devon and Wiltshire (except those that passed to the third Duke's widow). On the 4th Duke's death without issue in 1891 the dukedom of Cleveland was extinguished, but the barony of Barnard, together with the bulk of the Vane and Pulteney estates, passed to a distant cousin, Henry de Vere Vane (1854-1918), son of Sir Henry Morgan Vane (1808-86) by Lousia, daughter and co-heir of the Rev. Richard Farrer of Ashley (Northamptonshire). The former Bolton estates, however, together with the Sussex and Kent properties, passed to the widow of the 4th Duke. (The Battle Abbey estate was repurchased by the Webster family following her death in 1901.) The Ashton Keynes (Wiltshire) estate, purchased in the 1840s, was left in 1891 to the 4th Duke’s great-nephew A.W.H. Hay (later Hay-Drummond).

Estates in 1883: Duke of Cleveland: Co Durham 55,837 acres, Salop 25,604 acres, Sussex 6,025 acres, Somerset 4,784 acres, Northants 3,482 acres, Kent 2,449 acres, Staffs unstated (rental £3,970), Cornwall 1,997 acres, Wilts 1,511 acres, Devon 1,085 acres, Gloucs 11 acres, total 102,785 acres worth £95,755 a year; Dowager Duchess (in 1873): Wilts 886 acres, Cornwall 523 acres, total 1,409 acres worth £1,643 a year, with 2,456 acres in Devon, worth £3,087 a year, held jointly with the Earl of Sandwich; HM Vane (in 1873): Northants 329 acres, Leics 15 acres, total 344 acres worth £817 a year.

Places:
  • Ashton Keynes, Wiltshire
  • Barnard Castle, Durham
  • Bathwick, Somerset
  • Battle Abbey, Sussex
  • Brigstock, Northamptonshire
  • Brixham, Devon
  • Caverswall, Staffordshire
  • Cleveland House, London
  • Darlington, Durham
  • Fairlawn, Kent
  • High Ercall, Shropshire
  • Hinstock, Shropshire
  • Imber, Wiltshire
  • Kenley, Shropshire
  • Keyingham, Yorkshire
  • Loders, Dorset
  • Loppington, Shropshire
  • Ludgvan, Cornwall
  • Medbourne, Leicestershire
  • Minshull Vernon, Cheshire
  • Molash, Kent
  • Muswell Hill, Middlesex
  • Osbaston, Shropshire
  • Raby Castle, Durham
  • Raby with Keverstone, Durham
  • Staindrop, Durham
  • Sudborough, Northamptonshire
  • Wem, Shropshire
  • Wolverhampton, Staffordshire
  • Wrington, Somerset
  • Wroxeter, Shropshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Guide to Principal Estate and Family Collections L-W, 1999.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F86151 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F6527 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
14th cent-20th cent: Durham (Barnard Castle, Darlington, Raby Castle in Raby with Keverstone, etc) deeds, settlement and trust papers, leases, rentals, accounts, estate, household and Vane family corresp and papers 17th-20th cent and Northants (Brigstock and Sudborough), Salop (High Ercall, etc) and Staffs (Wolverhampton, etc) rentals, accounts and estate papers mainly 17th-20th cent but incl Salop deeds from 14th cent, with Medbourne (Leics) manor court book 1736-1822, estate papers for Cheshire (Minshull Vernon) and Montgomeryshire (Deythur) c1805-25, Loders (Dorset) 1903-06, Kent (Fairlawn, etc) c1727-98, London (Muswell Hill) and Yorks (Keyingham) 1808-11 and Somerset (Bathwick and Wrington) 19th cent, rentals of Caverswall (Staffs) 1767, the former estates of the Dukes of Bolton 1853 and the Duke of Newcastle c1746, London household inventory 1736 and accounts 1788-90, Cleveland House (London) plan 1892 and papers of the Farrer, Groves and Parkyns families 16th-19th cent
Raby Castle
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109a]
2
17th cent-19th cent: Durham (Barnard Castle, etc) manorial records 17th-19th cent, with surveys and valuations 1745, 1763, 1772
Durham County Record Office
NRA 23425 Bowes Museum

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109b]
3
1621-1817: Barnard Castle (Durham) manorial court rolls 1621-1788 (transcripts), with presentments 1817
Durham County Record Office
NRA 18998 Holmes

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109c]
4
16th cent-20th cent: Durham (Barnard Castle, Darlington, Raby Castle in Raby with Keverstone, etc) deeds, legal papers, manorial records and estate papers
Durham County Record Office
NRA 40371 Watsons

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109d]
5
1803-1864: Durham (Barnard Castle, Staindrop, etc) estate papers
Durham University Library, Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109e]
6
c1700-1879: Cornwall (Ludgvan, etc), Devon (Brixham, etc) and Wilts (Imber, etc) estate papers (former estates of the Dukes of Bolton)
Dorset History Centre
NRA 5472 Montagu
7
16th cent-20th cent: Salop (Hinstock, Loppington, Wem, etc) manorial records and misc estate papers 16th-20th cent, incl Wem survey 1561
Shropshire Archives
NRA 35526 Wem

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109f]
8
1746-1748: Salop (Kenley, Osbaston, etc) and Deythur (Montgomeryshire) surveys
Shropshire Archives
NRA 11563 Shropshire

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109f]
9
early 19th cent: misc Salop (Kenley, etc) manorial and estate papers
Shropshire Archives
NRA 11563 Shropshire

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109f]
10
1711-1782: Salop (Loppington, Wem, etc) manorial records
Shropshire Archives
NRA 21443 Whitfield

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109f]
11
1787-1804: Salop (Kenley, etc) manorial papers
Shropshire Archives
NRA 11563 Shropshire

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109g]
12
1653-1928: Wolverhampton (Staffs) manorial records 1653-1928, with rental of the Earl of Bradford's estate 1716-27 and lease register of the Duke of Bolton's estates 1752-54, etc
Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent Archive Service: William Salt Library
NRA 5946 Wolverhampton manors

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109h]
13
1793-1806: Staffs (Wolverhampton) and other Vane (formerly Pulteney) family estate papers (SP Cockerell as surveyor)
Royal Institute of British Architects
NRA 34210 Cockerell

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109i]
14
1858-1902: Sussex (Battle Abbey, etc) estate papers 1858-1902, with Somerset (Bathwick and Wrington) estate accounts and vouchers 1870-81
East Sussex Record Office
See JA Brent, Battle Abbey Estate Archives 1973
15
1850-1900: Sussex (Battle Abbey, etc) estate papers
East Sussex Record Office
See Annual Report 1986
16
c18th cent-1902: Sussex (Battle Abbey, etc) manorial and estate papers
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 5228 Sheppard
17
c1825-1917: Ashton Keynes (Wilts) estate papers c1825-1917 and house and garden papers early 20th cent
Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre
NRA 1556 Mullings

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109j]
18
1737-1892: Barbados plantation accounts 1756, 1825-35 and Vane family papers 1737-1892
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109k]
19
1649-1802: Barbados plantation records
Cumbria Archive Centre, Carlisle
NRA 17777 Lowther

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [63a]
20
c1843-1893: corresp and misc papers of the 4th Duke and Duchess of Cleveland
Kent History and Library Centre
NRA 25095

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109l]
21
1840-1891: journals and papers of the 4th Duke of Cleveland (1803-1891)
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
NRA 22490 Primrose

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [109m]
22
1736-1737: estate accounts of the 1st Earl of Darlington (1705-1758)
London University: Senate House Library

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