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Gascoyne-Cecil, family, Marquesses of Salisbury

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1100-2000
History:

On the death of William Cecil, Lord Burghley in 1598 (see Cecil, Marquesses of Exeter) his properties in Hertfordshire, Middlesex, Surrey and elsewhere passed to Robert Cecil (1563-1612), his son by his second wife, who was created Earl of Salisbury in 1605 and who became, like his father, Lord Treasurer. Hatfield was acquired in 1607, in exchange with King James I for Lord Salisbury’s earlier seat of Theobalds. The 1st Earl also acquired estates in Dorset (Cranborne), Cornwall (St Michael’s Mount), Kent (following the attainder of his brother-in-law, Lord Cobham, in 1603), Northamptonshire (Brigstock Parks), Wiltshire and elsewhere; but the bulk of these (except Cranborne) were sold in the 17th and early 18th centuries.

The marriage of the 4th Earl in 1683 to Frances Bennett of Beachampton (Buckinghamshire) led to the inheritance of estates in Buckinghamshire, Nottinghamshire and the North Riding of Yorkshire, but these, with some other outlying properties, were sold by the 1st Marquess of Salisbury (1748-1823). In 1821, however, the 2nd Marquess married Frances, daughter of Bamber Gascoyne of Childwall (Lancashire), who brought valuable estates in Lancashire (Liverpool etc.) and Essex (Ilford, Barking etc.). For a time in the mid 19th century the family also owned the Scottish island of Rhum.

Estates in 1883: 13,389 acres in Hertfordshire; 3,118 acres in Dorset; 1,796 acres in Lancashire; 960 acres in Middlesex; 758 acres in Essex; 89 acres in Bedfordshire, 80 acres in Norfolk and 12 acres in Wiltshire, worth a total of £33,413 a year.

Places:
  • Barking, Essex
  • Beachampton, Buckinghamshire
  • Bermondsey, Surrey
  • Brigstock Parks, Northamptonshire
  • Brockworth, Gloucestershire
  • Carlby, Lincolnshire
  • Childwall, Lancashire
  • Cobham, Kent
  • Cranborne, Dorset
  • Edmonton, Middlesex
  • Hatfield, Hertfordshire
  • Ilford, Essex
  • Liverpool, Lancashire
  • Rum, Inverness-shire
  • Selston, Nottinghamshire
  • St Michael's Mount, Cornwall
  • Theobalds, Hertfordshire
  • Westminster, Middlesex
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996, p. 67.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F86093 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F3505 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-20th cent: Herts, Dorset, Essex, London and Middlesex deeds, family and estate papers 12th-20th cent, with deeds and papers for Bucks, Cornwall, Gloucs, Kent, Lincs, Northants, Notts and Yorks mainly pre 19th cent and Rum mid 19th cent
Hatfield House Library and Archives
NRA 32925 Gascoyne-Cecil

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [41a]
2
1839-1843: Herts manorial quit rental 1840-42 and agent's corresp 1839-43
Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies
NRA 4464 Sworder

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [41b]
3
1768-1780: Bucks, Dorset, Gloucs, Herts, Notts and Yorks estate, household, garden and stables accounts and papers
The National Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [41c]
4
14th cent-20th cent: Lancs deeds, manorial records, legal and estate papers
Liverpool Record Office
NRA 7839

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [41d]
5
1855-1955: Liverpool estate corresp and papers
Liverpool Record Office
See Annual Return 1995
6
c1669: Northants (Brigstock Parks) abstracts, rental and particulars
Northamptonshire Record Office
NRA 22322 Clayton
7
c1592: memorandum book of Lord Burghley
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [41e]
8
papers of the 1st Baron Burghley
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [41]
9
1598: extent of Lord Burghley's estates (Herts, etc)
Burghley House
NRA 6666 Cecil

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [19a]
10
1915-1919: private Foreign Office corresp of Lord Cecil of Chelwood
The National Archives

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