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Compton, family, Marquesses of Northampton

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1100-2000
History:

The Compton family was established at Compton Wynyates (Warwickshire) in the 13th century and purchased Castle Ashby (Northamptonshire) in 1512. The 2nd Baron Compton, created Earl of Northampton in 1618, acquired estates in Buckinghamshire (Moulsoe), Middlesex (Canonbury), Somerset (Pitney and Wearne, Long Sutton) and elsewhere through his marriage in 1594 to Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Sir John Spencer, Lord Mayor of London. The Buckinghamshire estate and property in Warwickshire (Whatcote) was disposed of in the 19th century.

Spencer Compton (d. 1743), second son of the 3rd Earl, was created Earl of Wilmington in 1730 and acquired an estate in Sussex which passed on his death to his brother, the 4th Earl of Northampton. This, together with the Somerset property, later descended to Lord George Augustus Henry Cavendish through his marriage in 1782 to Elizabeth, daughter of the 7th Earl of Northampton.

On the death of the 5th Earl in 1754 the barony of Compton, together with some papers, descended to his daughter, suo jure Baroness Ferrers, and thence to the Townshend family, Marquesses Townshend. The 9th Earl was created Marquess of Northampton in 1812.

The Torloisk (Mull, Argyllshire) and Kinross-shire estate was acquired through the marriage of the 2nd Marquess of Northampton to Margaret Clephane in 1815, but passed to the 4th Marquess's son Lord Alwyne Compton (d. 1911). The 4th Marquess (1851-1913) married in 1884 Mary Florence, daughter of William Bingham Baring (1799-1864), 2nd Baron Ashburton, and through her inherited the Ross & Cromarty, Cornwall (Callington) and Devon (Cotleigh) estates. Of these, the English estates were sold by the 6th Marquess in 1919-20.

Estates in 1883: Northampton: 9,649 acres in Northamptonshire; 4,985 acres in Warwickshire; 3 acres in Buckinghamshire; 8,000 acres in Argyllshire; 864 acres in Kinross-shire; worth a total of £23,870 a year. Ashburton: 2,676 acres in Devon; 1,872 acres in Cornwall; 190 acres in Hampshire; 28,556 acres in Ross & Cromarty, worth £6,002 a year.

Places:
  • Buckland Filleigh, Devon
  • Callington, Cornwall
  • Callyland, Cornwall
  • Canonbury, Middlesex
  • Castle Ashby, Northamptonshire
  • Chelsham, Surrey
  • Chipping Campden, Gloucestershire
  • Clerkenwell, Middlesex
  • Compton Place, Sussex
  • Compton Wynyates, Warwickshire
  • Cotleigh, Devon
  • Dingwall, Ross and Cromarty
  • Eastbourne, Sussex
  • Ecton, Northamptonshire
  • Erith, Kent
  • Fen Stanton, Huntingdonshire
  • Great Dalby, Leicestershire
  • Great Doddington, Northamptonshire
  • Hilton, Huntingdonshire
  • Hurstbourne, Hampshire
  • Kirkness, Kinross-shire
  • Long Sutton, Somerset
  • Manaton, Devon
  • Moulsoe, Buckinghamshire
  • Pitney, Somerset
  • Tandridge, Surrey
  • Torloisk, Argyllshire
  • Wearne, Somerset
  • Whatcote, Warwickshire
  • Wilmington, Sussex
  • Lochluichart, Ross and Cromarty
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996, pp. 37-38.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F85863 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F2316 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-20th cent: Northants (Castle Ashby, etc), Warwicks (Compton Wynyates, etc) and Bucks (Moulsoe, etc) deeds, family and estate papers, with deeds and papers for Gloucs, Hunts, Kent (Erith), London, Somerset, Sussex, Argyllshire, Kinross-shire, etc
Castle Ashby
NRA 21088 Compton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24a]
2
17th cent-19th cent: misc Northants, Warwicks and London (Clerkenwell, etc) estate papers
Warwickshire County Record Office
NRA 11903 Campbell

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24b]
3
14th cent-19th cent: Northants (Great Doddington and Ecton) deeds and papers 17th-19th cent and misc papers 14th-18th cent
Northamptonshire Record Office
NRA 23652 Compton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24c]
4
1673-1775: Northants and Bucks (Moulsoe) manorial records
Northamptonshire Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24d]
5
18th cent: Moulsoe (Bucks) deeds and papers
Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies
NRA 29652
6
1870-1899: Compton family marriage settlement (7th Earl and Countess Cowper, 1870) and related trust papers
Northamptonshire Record Office
NRA 4039 Northants RO misc

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24e]
7
18th cent-19th cent: Baring (Barons Ashburton) family papers 18th-19th cent, incl Cornwall (Callington, etc) and Devon (Cotleigh, etc) estate papers 1824-49
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
NRA 24219 Baring

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda]; HMC Annual Review 1996-1997 pp30-1
8
16th cent-20th cent: Cornwall (Callington, etc) deeds and estate papers
Archives and Cornish Studies Service
NRA 5010 Compton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24g]
9
17th cent-20th cent: Devon (Cotleigh, etc) deeds and papers
Devon Archives and Local Studies Service (South West Heritage Trust)
NRA 16369

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24h]
10
1827-1847: Cotleigh (Devon) rental and account 1844-47 and Devon estate corresp of the 1st Baron Ashburton 1827-31
Devon Archives and Local Studies Service (South West Heritage Trust)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24i]
11
13th cent-18th cent: misc Gloucs (Chipping Campden, etc) deeds and leases
Castle Ashby
NRA 21088 Compton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24a]
12
1516-1704: misc Hants (Hurstborne) leases 1516-1655 and accounts 1703-04
Castle Ashby
NRA 21088 Compton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24a]
13
15th cent-18th cent: misc Hunts (Fen Stanton and Hilton) manorial and estate papers
Castle Ashby
NRA 21088 Compton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24a]
14
1508: Great Dalby (Leics) estate accounts
Castle Ashby
NRA 21088 Compton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24a]
15
16th cent-20th cent: London (Canonbury, Clerkenwell, etc) estate papers
Castle Ashby
NRA 21088 Compton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24a]
16
18th cent-20th cent: London (Canonbury and Clerkenwell) manorial records and estate papers
London Metropolitan Archives: City of London
NRA 34922

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24j]
17
early 19th cent: London (Clerkenwell, etc) estate agency papers of Edward Boodle, solicitor
City of Westminster Archives Centre
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [46e]
18
1598-1749: London (Canonbury, Clerkenwell, etc) manorial records and estate papers 1598-1749, with a Northants valuation 1715 and Brook Street (London) house building accounts 1728-30
Collection held privately: enquiries to Norfolk Record Office
NRA 1224 Townshend

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107a]
19
1753: London (Canonbury and Clerkenwell) rental
Norfolk Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107g]
20
1468-1719: London (Canonbury) court rolls 1468-1500, 1559-97 and 1650-1719
Islington Local History Centre
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107p]
21
16th cent-18th cent: Somerset (Pitney, Wearne, etc) manorial records and estate papers
Castle Ashby
NRA 21088 Compton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24a]
22
17th cent-19th cent: Somerset (Pitney, Wearne, etc) manorial records and estate papers
Somerset Heritage Centre (South West Heritage Trust)
NRA 17716 Cavendish

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [17j]
23
1942-1968: Surrey (Chelsham and Tandridge) estate papers
Castle Ashby
NRA 21088 Compton
24
1583-1686: misc Sussex (Wilmington, etc) estate papers
Castle Ashby
NRA 21088 Compton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24a]
25
13th cent-18th cent: Sussex (Compton Place, Eastbourne, and Wilmington, etc) deeds, legal, manorial, estate and Compton family papers
Devonshire Collection Archives, Chatsworth
NRA 20594 Cavendish

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [17a]
26
13th cent-18th cent: Sussex (Eastbourne, Wilmington, etc) manorial records and estate papers
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 41801 Cavendish

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [17i]
27
16th cent-18th cent: Sussex (Eastbourne, Wilmington, etc) manorial records and estate papers
East Sussex Record Office
NRA 37772 Blaker

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda, 17]
28
1651: Sussex (Chailey) map
East Sussex Record Office
See Annual Return 1999
29
1616-1801: Whatcote (Warwicks) deeds, manorial records and estate papers
Warwickshire County Record Office
NRA 25058
30
1815-1864: Torloisk (Argyllshire) and Kirkness (Kinross-shire) estate papers
Castle Ashby
NRA 21088 Compton

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24a]
31
17th cent-19th cent: Torloisk (Argyllshire) legal and estate papers
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
NRA 34746 Maclean-Clephane

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [112j]
32
1871-1890: Torloisk (Argyllshire) estate papers
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 12629 Strathern

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [112k]
33
1667-1826: Kirkness (Kinross-shire) legal papers
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [112l]
34
19th cent-20th cent: Lochluichart (Ross-shire) estate papers
Castle Ashby
NRA 21088 Compton
35
17th cent: literary and other papers of the 3rd Earl of Northampton
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [24k]
36
16th cent-18th cent: Compton family papers, incl some of the Earl of Wilmington and the 5th Earl of Northampton
Collection held privately: enquiries to Norfolk Record Office
NRA 1224 Townshend

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107a]
37
1729-1731: Earl of Wilmington legal case papers
Norfolk Record Office
NRA 15371 Townshend

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107b]
38
1707-1754: corresp of the 4th Earl of Northampton 1707-09, 1727, with account book of the 5th Earl 1744-54
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107m]
39
c1698-1740: corresp of the 5th Earl of Northampton
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107n]
40
1712-1743: misc legal and official papers of the Earl of Wilmington
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107z]
41
1731-1744: papers of the Earl of Wilmington
Library of Congress, Manuscript Division
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [107z]

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