Browse by Records Creators

Hay, family, Marquesses of Tweeddale

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1100-2000
History:

Sir Gilbert Hay of Locherworth (Midlothian) acquired lands in Peeblesshire (Lyne, West Hopprew etc.) by marriage with Mary, daughter of Sir Simon Fraser of Oliver Castle (Peeblesshire) early in the 14th century. Together with the hereditary sheriffdom of Peeblesshire, these were held until 1686 when the office and estates were sold to the 1st Duke of Queensberry.

In the late 14th century, Sir Thomas Hay married Joanna, co-heir of Hugh Gifford of Yester (East Lothian), thereby gaining part of the substantial Gifford estates which had been built up since the 12th century. Yester became the family seat in the 15th century, when much of the Midlothian estate was sold. Belton (East Lothian) and Snaid (Dumfriesshire) came into the family through the marriage of the 1st Lord Hay (so created 1488) with the heiress of Sir William Cunningham; but Snaid was apparently alienated by the 18th century, as were properties in Clackmannanshire, Lanarkshire (Thankerton etc.) and Perthshire (Achmore, Rodono etc.) also possessed since the Middle Ages, while Belton passed to a junior branch of the Hay family. Dunfermeline (Fife) and Fyvie (Aberdeenshire) were granted as security for debts by the 2nd Earl of Dunfermeline in 1646 and retained by the 1st Marquess of Tweeddale (so created 1694) when the 4th Earl of Dunfermeline was outlawed in 1690, though Fyvie was sold subsequently.

The 6th Marquess (d. 1787) bought Newhall (East Lothian) from the creditors of his cousin John Hay, father of the 5th Marquess, and inherited Linplum (East Lothian) on the death in 1760 of his brother, Lord Charles Hay. Newhall, however, was bequeathed to a cousin, Edward Hay-Mackenzie, while Linplum passed by entail to Robert Hay of Drummelzier (Peeblesshire). The 6th and later Marquesses extended the family's estates by purchase in Berwickshire and Roxburghshire (Kirk Yetholm etc.). A residence in Kent (Walden Cottage, Chislehurst) was added by the 19th century, possibly by the 9th Marquess.

Estates in 1883: 20,486 acres in East Lothian; 18,116 acres in Berwickshire; 4,505 acres in Roxburghshire; 400 acres in Fife and 10 acres in Kent; worth a total of £26,530 a year, exclusive of mines worth £815 a year.

Places:
  • Achmore, Perthshire
  • Bath, Somerset
  • Belton, East Lothian
  • Carfrae, East Lothian
  • Dryburgh, Berwickshire
  • Dumbarton, Dunbartonshire
  • Dunfermline, Fife
  • Edinburgh, Midlothian
  • Ettrick, Selkirkshire
  • Fyvie, Aberdeenshire
  • Highgate, Middlesex
  • Locherworth, Midlothian
  • Lyne, Peeblesshire
  • Pinkie, Midlothian
  • Snaid, Dumfriesshire
  • Stobo, Peeblesshire
  • Wester Hopprew, Peeblesshire
  • Yester, East Lothian
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996, p. 76.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F85824 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F8197 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-19th cent: East Lothian (Belton, Yester, etc), Fife (Dunfermline, etc), Midlothian (Locherworth, etc) and misc Dumfriesshire (Snaid) and Peeblesshire (Lyne, etc) writs, legal, financial and estate accounts and papers 12th-18th cent and Hay family papers 17th-19th cent, with rentals and accounts for Fyvie (Aberdeenshire) 1692-1728 and Ettrick (Selkirkshire) 1651-73, Achmore (Perthshire) barony accounts 1535-66 and inventories of Dumbarton and Edinburgh castles 1696, etc
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 29864 Hay

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [47a]
2
1555-1618: Dunfermline (Fife) cartularies
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 29864 Hay

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [47a]
3
1747-1776: Fife (Dunfermline, etc) factory memorandum book
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [47b]
4
15th cent-19th cent: Fife (Dunfermline, etc) and Midlothian (Locherworth, etc) writs 15th-19th cent and estate papers for Dunfermline 1615-1878 and Yester (East Lothian) 1592-1755
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [47c]
5
c1703-20th cent: East Lothian (Yester, etc) writs, legal, financial and estate corresp and papers, with some rel to Fife, Midlothian, etc
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 10747 Brodie

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [47d] (formerly NRAS 212)
6
16th cent-20th cent: misc East Lothian (Yester, etc), Midlothian (Locherworth, etc) and Peeblesshire (Lyne, etc) writs, legal and financial papers 16th-18th cent, misc estate papers for Berwickshire (Dryburgh, etc), Fife (Dunfermline, etc), East Lothian (Yester, etc), Peeblesshire (Stobo, etc) and elsewhere 16th-20th cent, Fyvie (Aberdeenshire) estate accounts 1701-02 and Hay family papers 17th-20th cent, incl papers rel to houses at Yester and Edinburgh 17th-19th cent, Pinkie (Midlothian) 1689-1713, Highgate (London) 1672-74 and Bath (Somerset) 1763, etc
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
NRA 13563 Hay

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [47e]
7
1788-1801: letter book of the 7th Marquess of Tweeddale (1753-1804)
National Library of Scotland, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [47f]
8
1842-1848: Indian corresp and papers of the 8th Marquess of Tweeddale (1787-1876)
British Library: Asian and African Studies
NRA 27520

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [47g]
9
1672-1692: corresp and papers of the 1st Marquess of Tweeddale (1626-1697)
Cambridge University Library: Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
NRA 16570

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda]
10
1852-1863: corresp and accounts of the Earl of Gifford (1822-1862)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [47i]
11
1832-1862: further papers of the Earl of Gifford (1822-1862)
Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI)
NRA 5700 Blackwood

Sharing will require cookies. Show details