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Fox-Strangways family, Earls of Ilchester

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 900-2000

Sir Stephen Fox (1627-1716), courtier and politician, acquired properties in Wiltshire (Farley etc.), Somerset (Redlynch), Middlesex (Chiswick) and elsewhere. His eldest surviving son, Stephen (1704-76), married in 1735 Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Strangways Horner of Mells (Somerset) by Susannah, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Strangways of Melbury Sampford (Dorset) and was created Earl of Ilchester in 1756.

The Strangways family had extensive properties in Dorset, Somerset and other counties by the late 15th century. In 1547 Sir Giles Strangways married Joan Wadham, through whom in the early 17th century a moiety of the Wadham estates in Devon, Dorset and Somerset came to the Strangways family. The Devon properties, however, along with the Wiltshire estates, were reduced by sales in the early 19th century.

In 1874 the 5th Earl of Ilchester acquired the reversion of the Holland House estate in Kensington (Middlesex), together with family papers of the Barons Holland (descended from a younger brother of the 1st Earl), from the widow (d. 1889) of the 4th Lord Holland.

Estates in 1883: 15,981 acres in Dorset; 13,169 acres in Somerset; 2,133 acres in Wiltshire; 1,566 acres in Devon; worth a total of £42,452 a year.

  • Abbotsbury, Dorset
  • Ampthill, Bedfordshire
  • Buckland St Mary, Somerset
  • Chertsey, Surrey
  • Chiswick, Middlesex
  • Farley, Wiltshire
  • Foxley, Wiltshire
  • Ilchester, Somerset
  • Isle Of Arran, Buteshire
  • Kensington, Middlesex
  • Knowle, Somerset
  • Melbury Sampford, Dorset
  • Redlynch, Somerset
  • Rewe, Devon
  • South Bradon, Somerset
  • St Ann's Hill, Surrey
  • Water Eaton, Oxfordshire
  • Wilton, Yorkshire
  • Winderton, Warwickshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996, p. 66.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F85488 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F1781 )
Number Description Held by Reference Further information
10th cent-20th cent: Dorset (Melbury Sampford, etc), Devon (Rewe, etc), London (Kensington, etc), Middlesex (Chiswick), Somerset (Redlynch, etc) and Wilts (Farley, etc) deeds, family and estate papers 10th-20th cent, with misc deeds and papers for property in Oxon (Water Eaton, etc), Warwicks (Winderton, etc) and Yorks (Wilton, etc) 14th-18th cent, the Isle of Arran 1727-38, etc
Dorset History Centre
NRA 30194
14th cent-20th cent: misc Dorset deeds and papers 14th-19th cent, Wilts estate accounts 1713-15 and Fox and Fox-Strangways family papers 17th-20th cent, incl papers of the Barons Holland
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [40c]
18th cent-20th cent: Kensington estate papers and misc papers rel to properties in Dorset, Somerset, etc
London Metropolitan Archives: City of London
NRA 34971 Fox-Strangways

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [40d]
18th cent-19th cent: Kensington and St Ann's Hill in Chertsey (Surrey) deeds and papers, with some for Ampthill (Beds)
London Metropolitan Archives: City of London
NRA 27174

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [40e]
1799-20th cent: misc Kensington (Holland House and Park) estate and household papers
Kensington and Chelsea Libraries and Arts Service
NRA 11693 Kensington Libraries

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [40f]
1660-1780: Somerset (Ilchester, Knowle, etc) estate rentals
The National Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [40b]
1817: South Bradon and Buckland St Mary (Somerset) estate rental
Somerset Heritage Centre (South West Heritage Trust)
NRA 1199 Wyndham

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [118a]
1696-1845: Fox family papers
Suffolk Archives - Bury St Edmunds Branch
NRA 41001 Bunbury