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Howard, family, Earls of Carlisle

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1100-2000
History:

The Dacre family owned land in Cumberland from the 13th century and acquired Naworth and Gilsland (Cumberland) by marriage in the 14th century. Further lands were added by purchase, royal grant and inheritance, including (from c.1488) estates in Cumberland, Westmorland, Northumberland and Co. Durham (Morpeth etc.) and the North and East Ridings of Yorkshire (Hinderskelf and Grimthorpe) belonging to the barony of Greystoke.

Following the death of the 5th Lord Dacre (of the North) in 1569, his eldest daughter Anne, later Countess of Arundel, inherited the barony of Greystoke (see Fitzalan-Howard, Dukes of Norfolk), but the Naworth, Hinderskelf (later Castle Howard), Morpeth and Grimthorpe estates passed to a younger daughter, Elizabeth, who married Lord William Howard (1560-1640), a younger son of the 4th Duke of Norfolk. Charles Howard (1629-85), his great-grandson, was created Earl of Carlisle in 1661. His daughter Mary married Sir John Fenwick, on whose execution in 1697 some of the Fenwick property in Northumberland was granted to the Earl of Carlisle. Additions were also made to the Co. Durham estates in the 1690s, by purchase from the Fetherstonhaugh family.

Purchases and exchanges of land, including some with the Dukes of Devonshire, increased the Cumberland, Yorkshire and Northumberland estates in the course of the 18th and 19th centuries. These estates were administered from offices at Naworth Castle (Cumberland and Northumberland), Castle Howard (Yorkshire) and Morpeth (Northumberland and Durham). Much of the Morpeth estate, however, was sold c.1888-90 and in 1915. On the death of Rosalind, Countess of Carlisle, in 1921, the estates were divided mainly between her only surviving son, who inherited Castle Howard and most of the Yorkshire estates, and her grandson, the 11th Earl, who received Naworth Castle, parts of the Cumberland estate and the remaining property in Northumberland. Other relatives inherited small portions of the Cumberland and Yorkshire estates.

Estates in 1883: 47,730 acres in Cumberland; 17,780 acres in Northumberland and 13,030 acres in the North Riding of Yorkshire, worth a total of £49,601 a year.

Places:
  • Ainstable, Cumberland
  • Alston, Cumberland
  • Askerton, Cumberland
  • Bottlebridge, Huntingdonshire
  • Brampton, Cumberland
  • Butterwick, Yorkshire
  • Castle Howard, Yorkshire
  • Crossthwaite, Yorkshire
  • Featherstone, Northumberland
  • Gilsland, Cumberland
  • Grimthorpe, Yorkshire
  • Irthington, Cumberland
  • Kensington, Middlesex
  • Kirkoswald, Cumberland
  • Lanercost, Cumberland
  • Long Horsley, Northumberland
  • Longbenton, Northumberland
  • Morpeth, Northumberland
  • Naworth, Cumberland
  • Netherton, Northumberland
  • Orton Longueville, Huntingdonshire
  • Stanhope, Durham
  • Thirlwall, Northumberland
  • Wellburn, Yorkshire
  • Whittlesford, Cambridgeshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996, p. 90
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F85237 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10722 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-20th cent: Yorks (Castle Howard, Grimthorpe, etc), Cumberland (Gilsland, Naworth, etc), Durham (Stanhope, etc) and Northumberland (Morpeth, etc) deeds, manorial records, rentals, accounts, estate and mining corresp and papers and Howard family papers 12th-20th cent, Cambs (Whittlesford) estate accounts 1712-43 and Hunts (Bottlebridge and Orton Longueville) survey and rental 1690-1708, etc
Castle Howard
NRA 24681

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55a]
2
17th cent: Yorks (Butterwick, Crossthwaite, etc) estate and Howard family household accounts and papers
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55b]
3
1788-1815: Yorks (Castle Howard, etc) estate corresp with local agent
Explore York Libraries & Archives
NRA 14178 Munby
4
1742-1851: Wellburn (Yorks) manorial court book
North Yorkshire County Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55d]
5
1748-1835: Grimethorpe (Yorks) manorial records
Hull History Centre (Hull University Archives)
NRA 6482

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55e]
6
1850: Yorks (Castle Howard, etc) estate corresp of James Loch (1780-1855)
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55f]
7
12th cent-20th cent: Cumberland (Brampton, Gilsland, Naworth, etc) deeds, manorial records, leases, rentals, accounts, estate and mining corresp and papers and Howard family papers 12th-20th cent, with deeds and estate papers for Northumberland 16th-19th cent, Yorks (Castle Howard, etc) rentals and accounts early 19th cent, 1917-39 and Kensington (London) household plans 19th cent, etc
Cumbria Archive Centre, Carlisle
NRA 11493

See Annual Return 2012
8
c1252-1370: Lanercost Priory (Cumberland) cartulary (formerly in the Howard family archive)
Cumbria Archive Centre, Carlisle
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda]
9
19th cent-20th cent: Cumberland (Naworth, etc), Durham (Stanhope, etc) and Northumberland (Morpeth, Netherton, etc) deeds, legal and estate papers
Cumbria Archive Centre, Carlisle
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55h]
10
c1898-1943: Cumberland (Naworth, etc) estate letter book c1898-1943, Yorks (Castle Howard, etc) estate letter book 1908-31 and letter books rel to the Countess of Carlisle's secretary 1907-30
Cumbria Archive Centre, Carlisle
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55i]
11
13th cent-18th cent: Cumberland (Naworth, etc) deeds, manorial records, legal and misc estate papers
Cumbria Archive Centre, Carlisle
NRA 6315

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55j]
12
1613: Gilsland (Cumberland) bailiff's papers
Cumbria Archive Centre, Carlisle
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55k]
13
16th cent-17th cent: Ainstable and Irthington (Cumberland) manorial records and surveys
The National Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55l]
14
16th cent: Askerton (Cumberland) estate surveys
The National Archives
15
16th cent: Askerton (Cumberland) estate surveys
The National Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55m]
16
14th cent-20th cent: Northumberland (Morpeth, etc) deeds, manorial records, rentals, accounts and estate corresp and papers 14th-20th cent, with Durham (Stanhope, etc) deeds, estate and lead mining papers 16th-18th cent and papers rel to Cumberland (Alston, etc) lead mines 18th cent
Cumbria Archive Centre, Carlisle
NRA 11493

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55n]
17
1569-1570: Morpeth (Northumberland) estate survey
The National Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55o]
18
1760-1767: Northumberland (Morpeth, etc), Cumberland (Naworth, etc) and Yorks (Castle Howard, etc) rentals and accounts
The National Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55p]
19
1541-1542: Northumberland (Long Horsley and Morpeth) and Cumberland (Kirkoswald and Naworth) household accounts
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55s]
20
1668-1834: Northumberland (Long Horsley, Morpeth, etc) abstract of title
Northumberland Archives
See Annual Report 1982
21
1523-1524: letter book of 2nd Lord Dacre of Gilsland as Warden of the Marches towards Scotland
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55q]
22
17th cent: corresp and papers of the 1st Earl of Carlisle (1629-1685)
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55r]
23
19th cent-20th cent: letters to Rosalind, Countess of Carlisle (1845-1921), from Gilbert Murray
Oxford University: Bodleian Library, Special Collections
NRA 16865

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [55t]
24
16th cent-18th cent: commonplace books of Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton (1540-1614) and precedent book and accounts of Gilsland (Cumberland) barony late 18th cent
Durham University Library, Special Collections
NRA 42730 Howard

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