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Lyon, Bowes- family, Earls of Strathmore

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1100-2000
History:

John Lyon (d. 1382), Chancellor of Scotland in 1377, married Johanna, daughter of King Robert II, and acquired estates in Aberdeenshire, Fife, Forfarshire and Perthshire. In the 17th century some of the older estates were sold, but the Forfarshire and Perthshire estates were consolidated, with Glamis Castle (Forfarshire) and Castle Lyon (Perthshire) rebuilt as the principal seats. Patrick Lyon, 9th Baron Glamis, was created Earl of Kinghorne in 1606, and his grandson obtained a new patent as Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in 1677.

In 1767 John Lyon, 9th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, married Mary Eleanor, daughter and heir of George Bowes, of Streatlam and Gibside (Co. Durham) and Wemmergill (Yorkshire, North Riding) by Mary, daughter and heir of Edward Gilbert of St Paul's Walden (Hertfordshire). On the death of the 10th Earl in 1820 the Bowes estates in the north of England passed to a natural son, John Bowes, but on the latter's death in 1885 they reverted to his cousin, the 13th Earl. Smaller English estates were acquired through the marriage of the 8th Earl to Jean Nicholson of Hetton and West Rainton (Co. Durham) in 1753, and of the 11th Earl to Mary Carpenter of Redbourn (Hertfordshire) in 1800. The Shadwell (London) estate appears to have been acquired through the marriage of Lord Glamis, son of the 11th Earl, to Charlotte Grinstead in 1820.

In 1923 some 57 bound volumes of Bowes papers were accidentally sold with the library from Streatlam Castle. Many were recovered by the family but some are now in other custody.

Estates in 1883: Strathmore: 22,600 acres in Forfarshire; 270 acres in Perthshire; 1,800 acres in Hertfordshire; 16 acres in Sussex; worth a total of £28,502 a year. Bowes: 34,887 acres in the North Riding of Yorkshire and 8,313 acres in Co. Durham, worth a total of £21,071 a year.

Places:
  • Aberlemno, Angus
  • Barnard Castle, Durham
  • Biarritz, France
  • Bognor Regis, Sussex
  • Castle Huntley, Perthshire
  • Castle Lyon, Perthshire
  • Cotherstone, Yorkshire
  • Cruden, Aberdeenshire
  • Foffarty, Angus
  • Gibside, Durham
  • Glamis, Angus
  • Hetton-le-Hole, Durham
  • Holwick, Yorkshire
  • Hylton, Durham
  • Kinghorn, Fife
  • Kirklevington, Yorkshire
  • Longforgan, Perthshire
  • Lunedale, Yorkshire
  • Mickleton, Yorkshire
  • Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland
  • Newstead, Nottinghamshire
  • Oathlaw, Angus
  • Redbourn, Hertfordshire
  • Restenneth Priory, Angus
  • Richmond, Yorkshire
  • Ridley, Northumberland
  • Shadwell, Middlesex
  • St Pauls Walden, Hertfordshire
  • Streatlam and Stainton, Durham
  • Stocksfield, Northumberland
  • Tealling, Angus
  • Turriff, Aberdeenshire
  • Wemmergill, Yorkshire
  • West Rainton, Durham
  • Wigtown, Cumberland
  • Winlaton, Durham
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996, p. 10; B.L.H. Horn & F.J. Shaw, 'Bowes bound correspondence and papers', Archives, XIV, no. 63, 1980, pp. 134-40.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F85108 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F10721 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
12th cent-20th cent: Angus (Foffarty, Glamis, Restenneth Priory, etc) and Perthshire (Castle Lyon alias Castle Huntley in Longforgan, etc) writs, legal, estate and household papers 12th-20th cent, Aberdeenshire (Cruden, Turriff, etc) and Fife (Kinghorn, etc) writs and estate papers pre 1800, Durham (Gibside, Streatlam, etc), Herts (Redbourn and St Paul's Walden), London (Shadwell, etc), Northumberland (Ridley, etc) and Yorks (Wemmergill, etc) deeds and estate papers 17th-20th cent, Sussex (Bognor Regis) estate papers 1864-71 and Lyon, Bowes and Bowes-Lyon family papers 16th-20th cent, with papers rel to an estate at Biarritz c1880-89, etc
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
NRA 381 Bowes-Lyon

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [8a]
2
12th cent-20th cent: Durham (Gibside, Streatlam, etc), Northumberland (Stocksfield, etc) and Yorks (Kirklevington, Wemmergill, etc) deeds, rentals, accounts, estate corresp and papers, building and household papers and Bowes and Bowes-Lyon family papers 12th-20th cent, incl papers rel to building at Hylton (Durham) and Holwick (Yorks) 19th-20th cent, with deeds and papers for London (Shadwell, etc) and estate papers for Herts (Redbourn, etc) mainly 18th cent, Newstead (Notts) household papers 1738-44, etc
Durham County Record Office
NRA 32740 Bowes-Lyon

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [8b]
3
12th cent-17th cent: Durham (Streatlam, etc), Yorks (Wemmergill, etc) and misc Cumberland (Wigton, etc) deeds and papers 12th-17th cent and misc Bowes family corresp 1578, etc
British Library, Manuscript Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [8g]
4
1476-1942: misc Durham (Streatlam, etc) legal and estate papers 1476-1901 and papers rel to the Bowes Museum (Barnard Castle) 1862-1942
Durham County Record Office
NRA 23425 Bowes Museum

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [8e]
5
16th cent-20th cent: legal and estate papers
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
6
16th cent-18th cent: Angus (Glamis, etc) estate and Bowes-Lyon family papers
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 17164

See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [87a]
7
16th cent-20th cent: Winlaton (Durham) manorial records and estate papers
Durham County Record Office
NRA 26390 Clayton & Gibson

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [8d]
8
c1567-1644: misc Durham (Barnard Castle, etc) and Yorks (Richmond, etc) legal and estate papers
Collection held privately: enquiries to The National Archives, Archives Sector Development
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [8h]
9
1568-1629: misc Bowes family corresp and papers
Durham University Library, Special Collections
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [8j]
10
c1569-1744: misc Bowes family papers c1569-1744, mainly papers of Sir George Bowes c1569 and papers rel to coal mines c1653-1744
Bowes Museum
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [8i]
11
17th cent-20th cent: Durham (Gibside, Streatlam, etc) and Yorks (Kirklevington, Mickleton, etc) deeds, manorial records, legal and estate papers
Durham County Record Office
NRA 18998 Holmes

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [8c]
12
1662-1760: misc Bowes family corresp
Durham County Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [8k]
13
1696-1728: misc Bowes family corresp and papers
University of Chicago Library: Special Collections Research Center
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [8l]
14
1710-1970: Gibside estate records, incl accounts for goods and supplies, plans and corresp rel to the chapel and other buildings, corresp rel to rights of way, photographs and drawings
Durham County Record Office
See Annual Return 2005
15
c1771-1798: misc Bowes family legal papers
Durham County Record Office
NRA 18297 Durham RO misc
16
1799-1894: misc Shadwell (London) deeds and papers
Durham County Record Office
NRA 18297 Durham RO misc
17
19th cent-20th cent: Durham (Streatlam, etc) and Yorks (Wemmergill, etc) estate plans
Durham County Record Office
See HMC Principal family and estate collections L-W, 1999 [Addenda]
18
c1830-1855: Herts (St Paul's Walden) estate corresp
Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies
NRA 18330

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [8m]
19
1852: Streatlam (Durham) rentals, accounts and estate papers
The National Archives
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [8f]
20
1855-1924: Redbourn (Herts) deeds and estate papers
Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies
NRA 3507 Herts RO misc

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