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Campbell, family, Earls of Breadalbane

This page summarises records created by this Family

The summary includes a brief description of the collection(s) (usually including the covering dates of the collection), the name of the archive where they are held, and reference information to help you find the collection.

Date: 1300-2000
History:

Duncan Campbell, grandfather of the 1st Earl of Argyll, gave Glenorchy (Argyllshire) to his younger son Sir Colin Campbell in 1432. Sir Colin was granted Lawers (Perthshire) by James III in 1473, while his son Sir Duncan Campbell (d. 1513) acquired lands near Loch Tay (Perthshire) including the baronies of Glenlyon and Finlarig, and was in 1498 appointed bailiary of Disher and Toyer, the territory situated around Loch Tay. The Perthshire and Argyllshire estates grew through purchase and royal grant during the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1617 James VI and I granted the hereditary forestership of Mamlorne (Perthshire) to Sir Duncan Campbell, 1st bt. (d. 1625).

John Campbell (d. 1716), created 1st Earl of Breadalbane in 1681, obtained the Caithness estates of the 6th Earl of Caithness, but they were all sold by c.1730. In 1693 he also acquired the estates of Lord Neil Campbell of Armaddy (Argyllshire), younger son of the Marquess of Argyll, in settlement of extensive debts. John Campbell of Carwhin (Perthshire) succeeded his cousin as 4th Earl in 1782 and was created Marquess of Breadalbane in 1831. By his marriage to the daughter and co-heir of David Gavin in 1793 he acquired Langton (Berwickshire), which passed to his sister Elizabeth, wife of Sir John Pringle, bt. of Stichill (Berwickshire). When the 2nd Marquess died in 1862 the marquessate became extinct, but the earldom and estates devolved on his cousin John Campbell (1824-71), who had inherited Glenfalloch (Perthshire) in 1850.

Preston (Kirkcudbrightshire), acquired through the marriage in 1761 of Lord Glenorchy, son of the 3rd Earl, to Willielma, co-heir of William Maxwell, does not appear to have remained in the family's possession after Glenorchy's death in 1771. Sugnall (Staffordshire) entered the family through the 3rd Earl's marriage in 1730 to Arabella, daughter and co-heir of John Pershall, but was sold in 1772.

Estates in 1883: 234,166 acres in Perthshire and 204,192 acres in Argyllshire, worth a total of £55,700 a year.

Places:
  • Armaddy Castle, Argyllshire
  • Barrs, Argyllshire
  • Bath, Somerset
  • Black Mount, Argyllshire
  • Carwhin, Perthshire
  • Dumbarton, Dunbartonshire
  • Easdale, Argyllshire
  • Eccleshall, Staffordshire
  • Finlarig Castle, Perthshire
  • Forshaw, Warwickshire
  • Frisky Hall, Dunbartonshire
  • Glenlyon, Perthshire
  • Glenorchy, Argyllshire
  • Holyrood House, Midlothian
  • Kenmore, Perthshire
  • Kilchurn Castle, Argyllshire
  • Langton, Berwickshire
  • Lawers, Perthshire
  • London
  • Pershall, Staffordshire
  • Preston, Kirkcudbrightshire
  • Sugnall, Staffordshire
  • Taymouth Castle, Perthshire
  • Thurso, Caithness-shire
  • Tyndrum, Perthshire
Sources of authority: Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996, p. 20.
Name authority reference: GB/NNAF/F84681 (Former ISAAR ref: GB/NNAF/F8573 )
Collections
  Description Held by Reference Further information
1
14th cent-20th cent: Argyllshire (Glenorchy, etc) and Perthshire (Kenmore, etc) writs, legal papers, rentals, accounts, estate corresp and papers and Campbell family papers 14th-20th cent, Caithness-shire (Thurso, etc) writs and estate papers 16th-early 18th cent, Langton (Berwickshire) estate papers 18th-19th cent and Preston (Kirkcudbrightshire) rentals and accounts 1754-65, with Sugnall (Staffs) deeds and estate papers 15th-18th cent and household papers for Holyrood House 17th-18th cent, Dumbarton Castle 1690-91, Frisky Hall (Dunbartonshire) 1846, London 18th-20th cent and Bath 1693, etc
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 31601 Campbell

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [14a]
2
17th-18th cent: misc Argyllshire and Perthshire legal papers, rentals and estate papers and Campbell family corresp and papers
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 30103 Macgregor

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [14b]
3
1470-1708: Caithness-shire (Thurso, etc) estate cartulary
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [14c]
4
1818-1944: misc Kenmore (Perthshire) estate corresp and papers
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [14d]
5
19th cent: misc Taymouth Castle (Perthshire) estate and household papers c1834-62 and Campbell family papers 19th cent
Huntington Library
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [44a]
6
1731: Staffs (Eccleshall, etc) estate survey book
Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent Archive Service: Staffordshire County Record Office
NRA 5900 Hand

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [14k]
7
17th-18th cent: Staffs (Pershall, etc) and Warwicks (Forshaw) estate papers
Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent Archive Service: William Salt Library
See Staffordshire Family Collections 1992 p41
8
17th-18th cent: Campbell of Barcaldine family papers and Breadalbane chamberlains
National Records of Scotland (formerly National Archives of Scotland)
NRA 33900 Campbell

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [14e]
9
17th-19th cent: Campbell family, legal and trust papers, with estate and other papers rel to the Gavin family of Langton and the Grenville Dukes of Buckingham
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
NRA 25302 Campbell

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [14f]
10
15th-17th cent: misc Campbell of Glenorchy family papers
Perth and Kinross Council Archive
NRA 20973 Steedman

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [14g]
11
1727-1757: Campbell family rentals (Breadalbane estates)
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
NRA 10121

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [14h]
12
18th cent: Campbell of Achlader family corresp as Breadalbane factors
Collection held privately: enquiries to National Register of Archives for Scotland
NRA 16065

See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [14j]
13
1659-1671: household book of the 1st Earl of Breadalbane
Glasgow University Library, Special Collections Department
See HMC Principal family and estate collections A-K, 1996 [14i]

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